Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #7592 - שָׁאֵל
1) to ask, enquire, borrow, beg
1a1) to ask, ask for
1a2) to ask (as a favour), borrow
1a3) to enquire, enquire of
1a4) to enquire of, consult (of deity, oracle)
1a5) to seek
1b) (Niphal) to ask for oneself, ask leave of absence
1c1) to enquire, enquire carefully
1c2) to beg, practise beggary
1d1) to be given on request
1d2) to grant, make over to, let (one) ask (successfully) or give or lend on request (then) grant or make over to
V) las (סהאל ShAL) - Ask: To seek to understand what is not known. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (179): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) ask, enquire, desire, require, borrow, salute, demand, lent, request, beg - Strongs: H7592 (שָׁאֵל), H7593 (שְׁאֵל)
V) els (סהלה ShLH) - I. Mislead:[Hebrew and Aramaic] II. Rest:[Aramaic only] KJV (4): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil) negligent, deceive, take, rest - Strongs: H7952 (שָׁלָה), H7953 (שָׁלָה), H7954 (שְׁלֵה)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
שָׁאֵל fut. יִשְׁאַל (Syr. ܫܶܐܠ, Arab. سَأَلَ).
(1) to ask, to demand, followed by an acc. of the thing, 1 Samuel 12:13 and מִן Psalms 2:8 מֵאֵת 1 Samuel 8:10, of the person from whom any thing is asked, also followed by two acc. (αἰτεῖν τινά τι, to ask any one any thing), Psalms 137:3; Deuteronomy 14:26; Isaiah 45:11. Job 31:31, לִשְׁאוֹל בְּאָלָה נַפְשׁוֹ “by asking with a curse his (an enemy’s) life,” i.e. for his death, comp. Jonah 4:8, וַיִּשְׁאַל אֶת־נַפְשׁוֹ לָמוּת “and he desired death for himself;” 1 Kings 19:4.
(2) to ask, to request any thing from any one, Isaiah 7:11 (see עָמַק Hiphil), שָׁאַל שְׁאֵלָה see שְׁאֵלָה. Followed by an acc. of thing, Judges 5:25; 1 Kings 3:10 מִן of the person from whom it is asked, Psalms 21:5 also מֵאֵת 1 Kings 2:20 מֵעִים Deuteronomy 18:16 שָׁאַל דָּבָר לְ to ask any thing for any one, 1 Kings 2:22.
(a) to ask a loan, to borrow from any one, Exodus 3:22, 11:2 12:35. Part. שָׁאוּל lent, 1 Samuel 1:28; 2 Kings 6:5. Followed by לְ prob. to lend, i.q. Hiphil, 1 Samuel 2:20.
(b) to ask alms, to beg, i.q. Piel No. 1, Proverbs 20:4. (Arab. Conj. V. id., ساَيِءلُ a beggar.)
(3) to inquire of, to interrogate, Judges 4:20 seq.; followed by an acc. of pers., Genesis 24:47; Job 40:7; Joshua 9:14, “but they inquired not at the mouth of Jehovah” (which they ought to have done); compare Isaiah 30:2; Genesis 24:57 followed by לְ of pers., Job 8:8. The person or thing asked about, has לְ before it, Judges 13:18; Genesis 32:30 עַל Nehemiah 1:2 acc., Haggai 2:11; Isaiah 45:11. Specially it is
(a) to consult; followed by בְּ (fich befragen ben), as שָׁאַל בַּיהוָֹה to consult the oracle of Jehovah, Judges 1:1, 18:5 20:18 שָׁאַל בַּתְּרָפִים to consult Teraphim, Ezekiel 21:26 Followed by לְ for any one, for his benefit, 1 Samuel 22:10, 13 1 Samuel 22:13, 15 1 Samuel 22:15; Numbers 27:21.
(b) שָׁאַל לִפְ׳ לְשָׁלוֹם to ask of any one’s health; hence to salute, Genesis 43:27; 1 Samuel 10:4, 17:22 30:21 Exodus 18:7.
Niphal, to ask for oneself, to ask leave (like the Gr. αἰτοῦμαί σε τοῦτο; Germ. fich etwas ausbitten; followed by מִן of pers. and a gerund of the thing, to do which one asks for leave, 1 Samuel 20:6, 28 1 Samuel 20:28(where the verb is omitted); followed by a finite verb, Nehemiah 13:6. Comp. Gram. § 50, 2. Others take it, to obtain by prayers, leave or liberty from a master; Germ. fich fren=losbitten.
(1) to beg, to be a beggar, i.q. Kal No. 2, b; Psalms 109:10.
(2) to question, 2 Samuel 20:18.
Hiphil, to lend, Exodus 12:36; 1 Samuel 1:28 compare Kal No. 2, a.
Derivatives, שְׁאֵלָה, מִשְׁאָלָה; and the pr.n. שְׁאָל, שָׁאוּל, שֵׁלָה שְׁאַלְתִּיאֵל, אֶשְׁתָּאוֹל.
the Seventh Week after Easter