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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #7617 - שָׁבָה

Transliteration
shâbâh
Phonetics
shaw-baw'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
2311
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to take captive

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to take captive

1a2) captive (participle)

1a3) to lead captive

1b) (Niphal) to be taken captive

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 498 ‑ ἀντιτάσσω (an‑tee‑tas'‑som‑ahee);  162 ‑ αἰχμαλωτεύω (aheekh‑mal‑o‑tew'‑o);  164 ‑ αἰχμάλωτος (aheekh‑mal‑o‑tos');  3329 ‑ μετάγω (met‑ag'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (47) NAS (44) HCS (47)
Genesis 3
Exodus 1
Numbers 3
Deuteronomy 1
Judges 1
1 Samuel 3
1 Kings 4
2 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 11
Psalms 3
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 5
Ezekiel 1
Obadiah 1
Genesis 3
Exodus 1
Numbers 3
Deuteronomy 1
Judges 1
1 Samuel 3
1 Kings 4
2 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 11
Psalms 3
Isaiah 2
Jeremiah 5
Ezekiel 1
Obadiah 1
Genesis 3
Exodus 1
Numbers 3
Deuteronomy 1
Judges 1
1 Samuel 3
1 Kings 6
2 Kings 2
1 Chronicles 1
2 Chronicles 12
Psalms 3
Isaiah 3
Jeremiah 6
Ezekiel 1
Obadiah 1
BYZ TIS TR
v-np3cp 2
v-np3ms 3
v-qPmp 1
v-qc 1
v-qp2mp 1
v-qp2ms 3
v-qp3ms 1
v-qsfp 1
v-qvms 1
v-np3cp 1
v-np3ms 3
v-qPmp 1
v-qc 1
v-qp2mp 1
v-qp2ms 3
v-qp3ms 1
v-qvms 1
v-np3cp 2
v-np3ms 3
v-qPmp 1
v-qc 1
v-qp2mp 1
v-qp2ms 3
v-qp3ms 1
v-qsfp 1
v-qvms 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1462) bs (סהב ShB) AC: Turn CO: Seat AB: ?: The pictograph s is a picture of the two front teeth representing pressing, the b is a picture of tent. Combined these mean "Press to the tent". A place of dwelling as the place returned to. A turning back or away from someone or something. A captive is one turned away from a place of dwelling. (eng: shove)

A) bs (סהב ShB) AC: ? CO: Seat AB: ?: A returning to ones place of residence where one sits.

Nf2) tbs (סהבת ShBT) - Seat: KJV (4): seat, place - Strongs: H7675 (שֶׁבֶת)

qf) fbs (סהבו ShBW) - Shvo: An unknown stone, possibly an agate. KJV (2): agate - Strongs: H7618 (שְׁבוֹ)

B) bbs (סהבב ShBB) AC: Turn CO: ? AB: ?

Nm ) bbs (סהבב ShBB) - Broken: To be broken into pieces. [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (1): broken - Strongs: H7616 (שְׁבָבִים)

bm) bibs (סהביב ShBYB) - Flame: [Unknown connection to root; Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (3): spark, flame - Strongs: H7631 (שְׁבִיב), H7632 (שָׁבִיב)

gm) bbfs (סהובב ShWBB) - Backsliding: A turning back. KJV (6): backsliding, frowardly - Strongs: H7726 (שׁוֹבָב), H7728 (שׁוֹבֵב)

H) ebs (סהבה ShBH) AC: Capture CO: Captive AB: ?: A forcible turning away from ones homeland to another place.

V) ebs (סהבה ShBH) - Capture: To take one away from his homeland as a captive. KJV (47): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Participle) captive, away, carry, take - Strongs: H7617 (שָׁבָה)

Nf3) tfbs (סהבות ShBWT) - Captivity: [df: tybs] KJV (44): captivity, captive - Strongs: H7622 (שְׁבִית)

ff ) ibs (סהבי ShBY) - Captive: KJV (49): captivity, captive, prisoner, taken - Strongs: H7628 (שְׁבִי)

ff1) eibs (סהביה ShBYH) - Captive: KJV (9): captive, captivity - Strongs: H7633 (שִׁבְיָה)

J) bfs (סהוב ShWB) AC: Turn CO: ? AB: ?: A turning back to a previous state or place.

V) bfs (סהוב ShWB) - Return: To turn back. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (1074): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hophal, Pual, Participle) return, again, turn, back, away, restore, bring, render, answer, recompense, recover, deliver, put, withdraw, requite - Strongs: H7725 (שׁוּב), H8421 (תּוּב)

Nf1) ebfs (סהובה ShWBH) - Returning: KJV (1): returning - Strongs: H7729 (שׁוּבָה)

if1) ebfst (תסהובה TShWBH) - Return: Also a reply as a return. KJV (8): return, expire, answer - Strongs: H8666 (תְּשֻׁבָה)

kf1) ebfsm (מסהובה MShWBH) - Backsliding: A turning back. KJV (12): backsliding, turning away - Strongs: H4878 (מְשֻׁבָה)

L) bsi (יסהב YShB) AC: Sit CO: Dwelling AB: ?: A place of dwelling as the place returned to.

V) bsi (יסהב YShB) - Sit: To set oneself down in the dwelling place for the night or for long periods of time. To settle or remain. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (1093): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hophal, Piel) dwell, inhabitant, sit, abide, inhabit, down, remain, in, tarry, set, continue, place, still, taken - Strongs: H3427 (יָשַׁב), H3488 (יְתִב)

am) bsfm (מוסהב MWShB) - Dwelling: The place of sitting. KJV (44): habitation, dwelling, seat, dwellingplace, dwell, place, sitting, assembly, situation, sojourning - Strongs: H4186 (מֹשָׁב)

im) bsft (תוסהב TWShB) - Sojourner: One who travels from place to place. KJV (14): sojourner, stranger, foreigner - Strongs: H8453 (תֹּשָׁב)

M) bis (סהיב ShYB) AC: Turn CO: ? AB: ?

Nf1 ) ebis (סהיבה ShYBH) - Return: KJV (2): captivity - Strongs: H7870 (שִׁיבָה), H7871 (שִׁיבָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 שָׁבָה verb take captive (Late Hebrew, Old Aramaic id.;Arabic (); Aramaic שְׁבָא, ) —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳שׁ Jeremiah 41:14; suffixוְשָׁבָם (consecutive) Jeremiah 43:12 (but read וְשָׁבָה Gie; Du conjectures וְ˜שׁמְמוּ); 2 masculine singular שָׁבִיתָ 2 Kings 6:22; Psalm 68:19, etc., Imperfect 3 masculine singular וַיִּשְׁבְּ Numbers 21:1; Jeremiah 41:10, etc.; Imperative masculine singular וּשְׁבֵה Judges 5:12; Infinitive construct שְׁבוֺת Obadiah 11; Participle active plural שֹׁבִים Isaiah 14:2, etc.; passive masculine plural שְׁבוּיִם Isaiah 61:1, feminine plural construct שְׁבֻיוֺת Genesis 31:26; — take captive

1.a. with accusative of person, Numbers 24:22 (JE), 1 Samuel 30:2; 2 Kings 5:2; 2 Kings 6:22 (+ ב instrumental) Jeremiah 41:10 (twice in verse) (but Jeremiah 41:10 b Gie reads וַיַּשְׁכֵּם, compare ᵐ5 Luc), Jeremiah 41:14, Genesis 34:29 (P), 2 Chronicles 28:8 (+ מִן part), + 6t.; + Jeremiah 43:12 apparently with accusative idols (but see above; accusative land Gie).

b. accusative חֵילוֺ Obadiah 11 הָֽרְכוּשׁ 2 Chronicles 21:17, cattle, etc., 1 Chronicles 5:21; 2 Chronicles 14:14

c. participle in periphrastic conjugation (לְשֹׁבֵיהֶם) וְהָיוּ שֹׁבִים Isaiah 14:2; participle with suffix = their captives, etc., 1 Kings 8:46 2 Chronicles 6:36; Isaiah 14:2; Jeremiah 50:33, +5t.; Passive participle Isaiah 61:1 = captives; כִּשְׁבֻיוֺת חָ֑רֶב Genesis 31:26 my daughters as captives of the sword.

2 with accusative of congnate meaning with verb שְׁבִי Judges 5:12 lead captive thy captives, compare Psalm 68:19; 2 Chronicles 28:17, so (+ מִן person) Numbers 21:1 (JE), and (accusative שִׁבְיָה) 2 Chronicles 28:5,11; שִׁבְיוֺ׳שׁ Deuteronomy 21:10 = take him captive.

Niph`al be taken captive: Perfect 3 masculine singular נִשְׁבָּה, of man Genesis 14:14, of beast Exodus 22:9 (E), of ׳עֵדֶר י Jeremiah 13:17; 3 plural נִשְׁבּוּ, human subject 1 Samuel 30:8,5; 1 Kings 8:47 2 Chronicles 6:37; Ezekiel 6:9.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שָׁבָה fut. apoc. יִשְׁבְּ to take, or lead away captive (Arab. سبا, Syr. ܫܒܐܳ id.), whether persons, Genesis 34:29; 1 Kings 8:48; Psalms 137:3 or flocks, 1 Chronicles 5:21 or else wealth, 2 Chronicles 21:17.- Genesis 31:26, שְׁבוּיוֹת חֶרֶב “captives of the sword” (in Greek, αἰχμάλωται, δορυάλωται), i.e. taken in war; compare 2 Kings 6:22.

Niphal, pass. of Kal, Genesis 14:14; Exodus 22:9.

Derivatives, שְׁבוּת, שְׁבִי, שִׁבְיָה, שׁבִית, and pr.n. שְׁבוּאֵל, שְׁבִי, שֹׁבַי, תִּשְׁבֶּה.

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List of Word Forms
וְשָׁב֤וּם וְשָׁב֧וּם וְשָׁבִ֥יתָ וְשָׁבָ֑ם וַיִּ֣שְׁבְּ ׀ וַיִּ֥שְׁבְּ ׀ וַיִּשְׁבֵּם֙ וַיִּשְׁבּ֗וּ וַיִּשְׁבּ֛וּ וַיִּשְׁבּ֣וּ וַיִּשְׁבּ֤וּ וַיִּשְׁבּ֧וּ וַיִּשְׁבּ֨וּ וַיִּשְׁבּוּ֩ וַיִּשְׁבּוּ־ וישב וישבו וישבו־ וישבם ושבום ושבית ושבם כִּשְׁבֻי֖וֹת כשביות לְשֹֽׁבֵיהֶ֔ם לִשְׁבוּיִם֙ לשבוים לשביהם נִשְׁבָּ֖ה נִשְׁבּ֑וּ נִשְׁבּֽוּ׃ נִשְׁבּוּ־ נשבה נשבו נשבו־ נשבו׃ שְׁב֥וֹת שְׁבִיתֶ֖ם שִׁבְיֽוֹ׃ שֶׁבְיְךָ֖ שָׁ֘בִ֤יתָ שָׁב֖וּ שָׁב֣וּ שָׁבִ֛יתָ שָׁבָ֥ה שָׁבוּ֙ שֹֽׁבֵיהֶם֙ שֹׁבִ֣ים שֹׁבֵיהֶ֖ם שֽׁוֹבֵיהֶ֔ם שׁוֹבֵ֡ינוּ שׁוֹבֵיהֶ֛ם שׁוֹבֵיהֶֽם׃ שבה שבו שבות שביהם שביו׃ שביך שבים שבית שביתם שוביהם שוביהם׃ שובינו תִּשְׁבֶּֽךָּ׃ תשבך׃ kiš·ḇu·yō·wṯ kišḇuyōwṯ kishvuYot lə·šō·ḇê·hem leshoeiHem ləšōḇêhem liš·ḇū·yim lišḇūyim lishvuYim niš·bāh niš·bū niš·bū- nišbāh nišbū nišbū- nishBah nishBu šā·ḇāh šā·ḇî·ṯā šā·ḇū šāḇāh šāḇîṯā šāḇū šə·ḇî·ṯem šə·ḇō·wṯ šeḇ·yə·ḵā šəḇîṯem šəḇōwṯ šeḇyəḵā shaVah shaVita shaVu sheviTem sheVot shevyeCha shivYo shoeiHem shoVeinu shoVim šiḇ·yōw šiḇyōw šō·ḇê·hem šō·ḇîm šō·w·ḇê·hem šō·w·ḇê·nū šōḇêhem šōḇîm šōwḇêhem šōwḇênū tiš·be·kā tišbekā tishBeka vaiYishb vaiyishBem vaiyishBu veshaVam veshaVita veshaVum way·yiš·bêm way·yiš·bū way·yiš·bū- way·yišb wayyišb wayyišbêm wayyišbū wayyišbū- wə·šā·ḇām wə·šā·ḇî·ṯā wə·šā·ḇūm wəšāḇām wəšāḇîṯā wəšāḇūm
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Sunday, November 17th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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