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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #7817 - שָׁחַח

Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to bow, crouch, bow down, be bowed down

1a) (Qal)

1a1) to be bowed down, be prostrated, be humbled

1a2) to bow (in homage)

1a3) to bow (of mourner)

1a4) to crouch (of wild beast in lair)

1b) (Niphal) to be prostrated, be humbled, be reduced, be weakened, proceed humbly, be bowed down

1c) (Hiphil) to prostrate, lay low, bow down

1d) (Hithpolel) to be cast down, be despairing

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 2578 ‑ κάμπτω (kamp'‑to);  5080 ‑ τήκομαι (tay'‑ko);  5015 ‑ ταράσσω (tar‑as'‑so);  2609 ‑ κατάγω (kat‑ag'‑o);  1416 ‑ δύνω (doo'‑no, doo'‑mee);  2955 ‑ κύπτω (koop'‑to);  5013 ‑ ταπεινόω (tap‑i‑no'‑o);  2559 ‑ κακόω (kak‑o'‑o);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (21) NAS (21) HCS (23)
Job 2
Psalms 8
Proverbs 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 8
Habakkuk 1
Job 2
Psalms 8
Proverbs 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 8
Habakkuk 1
Job 2
Psalms 9
Proverbs 2
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 8
Habakkuk 1
v-qc 1
v-qp3cp 1
v-qc 1
v-qp3cp 1
v-qc 1

Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1468) hs (סההה ShHh) AC: Sink CO: Pit AB: ?: The pictograph s is a picture of the teeth representing sharpness, the h is a picture of wall. Combined these mean "sharp walls". A pit dug into the ground for the purpose of trapping someone or something. To go down or sink down as going into the pit.

A) hs (סההה ShHh) AC: ? CO: Pit AB: ?

Nm ) hs (סההה ShHh) - Low: KJV (1): humble - Strongs: H7807 (שַׁח)

Nf2) ths (סהההת ShHhT) - Pit: A hole in the ground such as a grave. KJV (23): corruption, pit, destruction, ditch, grave - Strongs: H7845 (שַׁחַת)

Nf3) tfhs (סהההות ShHhWT) - Pit: KJV (1): pit - Strongs: H7816 (שְׁחוּת)

ff2) tihs (סהההית ShHhYT) - Pit: KJV (2): pit, destruction - Strongs: H7825 (שְׁחִית)

sm) nihs (סהההינ ShHhYN) - Pit: A hole in the skin from disease. KJV (13): boil, botch - Strongs: H7822 (שְׁחִין)

B) hhs (סההההה ShHhHh) AC: Sink CO: ? AB: ?: A bringing down low are a sinking feeling.

V) hhs (סההההה ShHhHh) - Sink: To bring down low. KJV (21): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil) bow, cast, bring, low, down, bend, couch, humble, stoop - Strongs: H7817 (שָׁחַח)

H) ehs (סהההה ShHhH) AC: Bow CO: ? AB: ?: A bowing to another in respect.

V) ehs (סהההה ShHhH) - Bow: To pay homage to another one by bowing low or getting on the knees with the face to the ground. KJV (172): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hitpael) worship, bow, obeisance, reverence, fall stoop, crouch - Strongs: H7812 (שָׁחָה)

J) hfs (סהוהה ShWHh) AC: Sink CO: Pit AB: ?

V) hfs (סהוהה ShWHh) - Sink: KJV (3): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) bow, incline, humble - Strongs: H7743 (שׁוּחַ)

Nf1) ehfs (סהוההה ShWHhH) - Pit: KJV (5): pit, ditch - Strongs: H7745 (שׁוּחָה)

L) hsi (יסההה YShHh) AC: Sink CO: ? AB: ?

Nm ) hsi (יסההה YShHh) - Sink: KJV (1): cast down - Strongs: H3445 (יֶשַׁח)

M) his (סהיהה ShYHh) AC: ? CO: Pit AB: ?

Nf1 ) ehis (סהיההה ShYHhH) - Pit: KJV (3): pit - Strongs: H7882 (שִׁיחָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [שָׁחַח] verb bow, be bowed down,

crouch (Late Hebrew id.; Tel Amarna ša—âhu (Wkl TelAm. Vocab.), prostrate oneself, probably Canaanism; Assyrian ša—â—u is oppress, torment); —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular consecutive וְשַׁח Isaiah 2:11,17,1singular שַׁחִ֫וֺתִי Psalm 38:7, שַׁחֹ֫תִי Psalm 35:14,3plural ˜שׁחֲחוּ Job 9:13, שַׁחוּ Habakkuk 3:6; Proverbs 14:19; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יָשֹׁחַ Psalm 10:10,3masculine plural יָשֹׁ֫חוּ Job 38:40, וַיָּשֹׁ֫חוּ Psalm 107:39; Infinitive construct (= absolute, as adverb, Ges§ 118q ii. 2, §§ 221,402 d compare also Ba NB 164) שְׁחוֺחַ Isaiah 60:14; —

1 be bowed down, prostrated, humbled, by ׳י, Isaiah 2:11,17 (both "" שָׁפֵל), Habakkuk 3:6 (of hills), Job 9:13 (׳תַּחְתָּו שׁ), Psalm 107:39 (+ מָעַט); by man Psalm 10:10.

2 bow in homage, לִפְנֵי person Proverbs 14:19; וְהָֽלְבוּ אֵלַיִח שְׁחוֺחַ Isaiah 60:14 ("" הִשְׁתַּחֲווּ).

3 bow, of mourner (קֹדֵר), Psalm 35:14; Psalm 38:7.

4 crouch, of wild beast in lair Job 38:40.

Niph`al Imperfect be prostrated, humbled: וַיִּשַּׁח אָדָם Isaiah 2:9 ("" שָׁפֵל) = Isaiah 5:15 ("" id.); be reduced, weakened, יִשַּׁ֫חוּ כָּלבְּֿנוֺת הַשִּׁיר Ecclesiastes 12:4; = proceed humbly, of words מֵעָפָר Isaiah 29:4 ("" שָׁפֵל).

Hiph`il prostrate, lay low, city, walls, etc.; Perfect 3 masculine singular הֵךְַ Isaiah 25:12; Isaiah 26:5 (both "" הִשְׁמִּיל).

Hithpo`el be cast down, despairing: Imperfect 3 feminine singular תִּשְׁתּוֺחָ֑ח Psalm 42:7,2feminine singular תִּשְׁתּוֺחֲחִי Psalm 42:6; Psalm 42:12; Psalm 43:5 (all with subject נַפְשִׁי).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שָׁחַח i.q. שׁוּהַ and שָׁחָה (compare שָׁכַךְ), pret. שַׁחוֹתִי, plur. שַׁחוּ and שָׁחֲחוּ, fut. יָשׂחַ.

(1) to sink down, Habakkuk 3:6 used of beasts of prey couching down and lying in wait in their lairs, Job 38:40.

(2) to be bowed down, cast down, Psalms 10:10, 107:39 Isaiah 2:11, 17 specially with sickness, Psalms 35:14, 38:7 Lamentations 3:20 also, to submit oneself. Isaiah 60:14, וְהָֽלְכוּ אֵלַיִךְ שְׁחוֹחַ “they shall come to thee bowing down.” Job 9:13; Proverbs 14:19.

Niphal, to be bowed down, Isaiah 2:9, 5:15. Used of a depressed and attenuated voice, Ecclesiastes 12:4. Pregn. Isaiah 29:4, וּמֵעָפָר תִּשַּׁח אִמְרָתֵךְ “and thy depressed (slender) voice shall be heard from the dust.”

Hiphil, to bring down, to humble, Isaiah 25:12, 26:5.

Hithpoel, to be cast down (the soul), Psalms 42:7, 12 Ps4 2:12 43:5.

Derivative, שַׁח.

These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available
List of Word Forms
הֵשַׁ֥ח הֵשַׁח֙ השח וְיִשַּׁ֖חוּ וְשַׁ֖ח וְשַׁח֙ וַיִּשַּׁ֥ח וַיָּשֹׁ֑חוּ וישח וישחו ושח חחו יָשֹׁ֑חַ יָשֹׁ֥חוּ ישח ישחו שְׁח֙וֹחַ֙ שַׁח֖וּ שַׁח֣וּ שַׁחֹ֣תִי שַׁחֽוֹתִי׃ שָׁ֝חֲח֗וּ שחו שחוח שחותי׃ שחתי תִּשְׁתּ֬וֹחֲחִ֨י ׀ תִּשַּׁ֣ח תִשְׁתּ֫וֹחָ֥ח תשח תשתוחח תשתוחחי chaChu ḥă·ḥū ḥăḥū hê·šaḥ hêšaḥ heShach ša·ḥō·ṯî ša·ḥō·w·ṯî ša·ḥū šaḥōṯî šaḥōwṯî šaḥū šə·ḥō·w·aḥ šəḥōwaḥ shaChoti shaChu sheChoach tiš·šaḥ tiš·tō·w·ḥă·ḥî ṯiš·tō·w·ḥāḥ tishShach tishToChach tishTochaChi tiššaḥ ṯištōwḥāḥ tištōwḥăḥî vaiyaShochu vaiyishShach veShach veyishShachu way·yā·šō·ḥū way·yiš·šaḥ wayyāšōḥū wayyiššaḥ wə·šaḥ wə·yiš·ša·ḥū wəšaḥ wəyiššaḥū yā·šō·aḥ yā·šō·ḥū yaShoach yaShochu yāšōaḥ yāšōḥū
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the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
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