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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #8213 - שָׁפֵל

Transliteration
shâphêl
Phonetics
shaw-fale'  
Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TWOT
2445
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to be or become low, sink, be humbled, be abased

1a) (Qal) to be or become low

1b) (Hiphil)

1b1) to lay or bring low, humiliate

1b2) to set in a lower place, show abasement

1b3) to make low, sit down

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 769 ‑ ἀσθένεια (as‑then'‑i‑ah);  818 ‑ ἀτιμάζω (at‑im‑ad'‑zo);  4098 ‑ πίπτω (pip'‑to, pet'‑o);  2598 ‑ καταβάλλω (kat‑ab‑al'‑lo);  5013 ‑ ταπεινόω (tap‑i‑no'‑o);  5391 ‑ φιλόφρων (fil‑of'‑rone);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (29) NAS (29) HCS (30)
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 1
Job 2
Psalms 4
Proverbs 2
Isaiah 14
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 2
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 1
Job 2
Psalms 4
Proverbs 2
Isaiah 14
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 2
1 Samuel 1
2 Samuel 1
Job 2
Psalms 4
Proverbs 3
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 15
Jeremiah 1
Ezekiel 2
BYZ TIS TR
a-ms 1
v-hPms 2
v-hc 1
v-hi1cs 1
v-hi2ms 2
v-hi3ms 1
v-hp3ms 2
v-hvmp 1
v-hw2fs 1
v-qi3fp 2
v-qi3fs 1
v-qi3mp 2
v-qp2fs 1
v-qp3ms 2
v-qw3ms 1
a-ms 1
v-hPms 3
v-hc 1
v-hi1cs 1
v-hi2ms 2
v-hi3ms 1
v-hp3cp 1
v-hp3ms 2
v-hvmp 1
v-hw2fs 1
v-qi3fp 2
v-qi3fs 1
v-qi3mp 2
v-qp2fs 1
v-qp3ms 2
v-qw3ms 1
a-ms 1
v-hPms 3
v-hc 1
v-hi1cs 1
v-hi2ms 2
v-hi3ms 1
v-hp3cp 1
v-hp3ms 2
v-hvmp 1
v-hw2fs 1
v-qi3fp 2
v-qi3fs 1
v-qi3mp 2
v-qp2fs 1
v-qp3ms 2
v-qw3ms 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2866) lps (סהפל ShPL) AC: Low CO: Lowland AB: ?: Something or someone that is brought down low by someone high or to contrast it with something that is high. [from: lp- coming bowed down to another]

V) lps (סהפל ShPL) - Low: To be low in position or stature. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (33): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) low, down, humble, abase, debase, lower, subdue - Strongs: H8213 (שָׁפֵל), H8214 (שְׁפַל)

Nm) lps (סהפל ShPL) - Low: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (22): low, lower, base, humble, lowly - Strongs: H8215 (שְׁפַל), H8216 (שֵׁפֶל), H8217 (שָׁפָל)

Nf1) elps (סהפלה ShPLH) - Lowland: A low place. KJV (20): valley, vale, plain, low - Strongs: H8219 (שְׁפֵלָה)

Nf3) tflps (סהפלות ShPLWT) - Idleness: In the sense of being low in the activity. KJV (1): idleness - Strongs: H8220 (שִׁפְלוּת)

ef1) elpis (סהיפלה ShYPLH) - Lowland: A low place. KJV (1): low - Strongs: H8218 (שִׁפְלָה)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 שָׁפֵל verb be or become low, be abased (Late Hebrew, derived species; Assyrian šapâlu, derived species and derivatives; Sabean ספל noun humility or lowland DHM xxix (1875), 604; Arabic , , be low (Lag BN 48); Aramaic שְׁפַל, (derived species)); —

Qal Perfect 3 masculine singular ׳שׁ Isaiah 2:11; 2 feminine singular וְשָׁפַלְתְּ Isaiah 29:4, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular וַיִּשְׁמַּל Isaiah 2:9; Isaiah 5:15; 3 feminine plural תִּשְׁמַּלְנָה Isaiah 5:15, etc.; Infinitive construct שְׁפַל Ecclesiastes 12:4; Proverbs 16:19, see below; —

1 all Isaiah: become (be brought, laid) low, of trees Isaiah 10:33 ("" גְּדֻעִים), mountains Isaiah 40:4 (opposed to נִשָּׂא), of כָּלנִֿשָּׂא Isaiah 2:12 (but read, for ׳שׁ, נִשְׂגָּב [Kohler], or גָּבֹהַּ [Lag], so Du Che Hpt Di-Kit Marti); figurative be humiliated, of man Isaiah 2:9; Isaiah 5:15, his loftiness Isaiah 2:17, haughty eyes Isaiah 2:11 (all "" שָׁחַח), Isaiah 5:15; of city Isaiah 32:19; as helping verb (= adverb) מֵאֶרֶץ׳וְשׁ תְּדַבֵּ֑רִי Isaiah 29:4 thou shalt speak low out of the ground (Ges§ 120g; "" מֵעָפָר תִּשַׁח אִמְרָתֵךְ).

2שְׁפַלרֿוּחַ Proverbs 16:9 to be lowly of spirit, so Buhl SS Toy and others; Thes Rob Ges and others below שָׁפָל.

3 of sound Ecclesiastes 12:4.

Hiph`il Perfect 3 masculine singular הִשְׁמִּיל Isaiah 25:12, etc.; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יַשְׁמִּיל Psalm 75:8, suffix יַשְׁמִּילֶנָּה יַשְׁמִּילָהּ Isaiah 26:5 (but 2nd verb probably doublet), etc.; Imperative masculine plural (suffix) הַשְׁמִּילֵ (הוּׅ Job 40:11; Jeremiah 13:18; Infinitive construct suffix הַשְׁמִּילְךָ Proverbs 25:7 ( Ezekiel 21:31 read absolute הַשְׁמֵּיל, "" הַגְבֵּהַּ, so Co Krae Ges§ 113bb R. 3); Participle מַשְׁמִּיל 1 Samuel 2:7; Psalm 147:6; מַשְׁמִּילִי (Ges§ 90l) Psalm 113:6; —

1 usually figurative, ׳י subject, lay low, tree Ezekiel 17:24 (opposed to הִגְבַּהְתִּי); city Isaiah 26:5 ("" הֵשַׁח); fortress Isaiah 25:12 (+ הֵשַׁח; Du thinks doublet of Isaiah 26:5); humiliate pride Isaiah 26:11; Isaiah 13:11, compare Job 40:11; object עֵינַיִםרָמוֺת Psalm 18:28, so read also "" 2 Samuel 22:28, אַףמְֿרוֺמֵם׳מַשׁ׳י 1 Samuel 2:7, רְשָׁעִים Psalm 147:6; וְזֶה יָרִים׳זֶה יַשׁ Psalm 75:8, compare Ezekiel 21:31.

2 hum. subject set one in a lower place Proverbs 25:7; subject hum. pride Proverbs 29:23; declar. Isaiah 57:9 thou didst shew abasement עַדשְֿׁאוֺל.

3 as helping verb: + verb coordinate, שֵׁ֑בוּ׳הַשׁ Jeremiah 13:18 make low, sit down = take a low seat (Ges§ 120g); + infinitive לִרְאוֺת׳מַשׁ Psalm 113:6 he who maketh low to look upon heaven and earth (i.e. ׳י; "" הַמַּגְבִּיתִי לָשָׁ֑בֶת Psalm 113:5; Ges§ 114 m). — הִשְׁמִּילוּ וַתּאֹמֶר גֵּוָה֑ Job 22:29 is dubious; "" יוֺשִׁעַ favours אֱלוֺהַּ as subject, which Bu conjecture For ׳וַתּאֹ, read then הִשְׁמִּיל, ׳א hath abased pride, so (in part) Du; > they cast (thee) down (RV); men are cast down (׳הִשׁ intransitive; AV, compare Lag BN 121); (thy ways) are brought low (Ew De Di).

[שְׁפֵל] verb be low (see Biblical Hebrew); —

Haph`el bring low, humble: Perfect 2 masculine singular הַשְׁמֵּלְתְּ לִבְבָח Daniel 5:22 thou hast not humbled thine heart; Imperfect 3 masculine singular יְהַשְׁמִּ֑ל Daniel 7:24, Infinitive לְהַשְׁמָּלָה Daniel 4:34, Participle מַשְׁמִּ֑ל Daniel 5:19, all with accusative of person bring low, put down.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

שָׁפֵל fut. יִשְׁפַּל inf. שְׁפַל, Arab. سَفَلَ, سَفُلَ to be depressed, to be or become low, used of a mountain, Isaiah 40:4 of a wood, Isaiah 10:33 a city, 32:19. Metaph. to be depressed, is used of

(a) men who are cast down from a high rank, Isaiah 2:9, 11, 12, 17 5:15 10:33.

(b) of the voice, both when low, Isaiah 29:4 and altogether suppressed, Ecclesiastes 12:4. Inf. שְׁפַל רוּחַ to be cast down of spirit, Proverbs 16:19. Compare שָׁפֵל.

Hiphil

(1) to depress, cast down, make low, (opp. to הֵרִים), Psalms 18:28, 75:8. Intrans. to be cast down (pr. to cast (one’s self) down), Job 22:29. Followed by another verb it assumes the nature of an adverb, Jeremiah 13:18, הַשְׁפִּילוּ שֵׁבוּ “humble yourselves, sit down,” i.e. sit down in a low place (feßt euch niedrig); Psalms 113:6.

(2) to cast down, as walls, Isaiah 25:12.

Derivatives, שָׁפָל-שִׁפְלוּת.

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List of Word Forms
אַשְׁפִּֽיל׃ אשפיל׃ הִ֭שְׁפִּילוּ הִשְׁפִּ֛יל הִשְׁפַּ֣לְתִּי ׀ הַֽמַּשְׁפִּילִ֥י הַשְׁפִּ֣ילוּ המשפילי השפיל השפילו השפלתי וְהִשְׁפִּיל֙ וְהַגָּבֹ֖הַ וְהַשְׁפִּילֵֽהוּ׃ וְשָׁפֵ֖ל וְשָׁפֵֽל׃ וְשָׁפַלְתְּ֙ וַיִּשְׁפַּל־ וַתַּשְׁפִּ֖ילִי והגבה והשפיל והשפילהו׃ וישפל־ ושפל ושפל׃ ושפלת ותשפילי יִשְׁפָּ֑לוּ יִשְׁפָּֽלוּ׃ יַ֝שְׁפִּ֗יל יַשְׁפִּילֶ֤נָּה יַשְׁפִּילָהּ֙ ישפיל ישפילה ישפילנה ישפלו ישפלו׃ מֵֽ֭הַשְׁפִּ֣ילְךָ מַשְׁפִּ֖יל מהשפילך משפיל שָׁפֵ֔ל שפל תִּשְׁפַּ֥ל תִּשְׁפַּֽלְנָה׃ תַּשְׁפִּֽיל׃ תַּשְׁפִּילֶ֑נּוּ תשפיל׃ תשפילנו תשפל תשפלנה׃ ’aš·pîl ’ašpîl ashPil ham·maš·pî·lî hammashpiLi hammašpîlî haš·pî·lū hashPilu hašpîlū hiš·pal·tî hiš·pî·lū hiš·pîl hishPalti hishPil Hishpilu hišpaltî hišpîl hišpîlū maš·pîl mashPil mašpîl mê·haš·pî·lə·ḵā mehashPilecha mêhašpîləḵā šā·p̄êl šāp̄êl shaFel taš·pî·len·nū taš·pîl tashPil tashpiLennu tašpîl tašpîlennū tiš·pal tiš·pal·nāh tishPal tishPalnah tišpal tišpalnāh vaiyishpal vattashPili vehaggaVoha vehashpiLehu vehishPil veshafalT veshaFel wat·taš·pî·lî wattašpîlî way·yiš·pal- wayyišpal- wə·hag·gā·ḇō·ha wə·haš·pî·lê·hū wə·hiš·pîl wə·šā·p̄alt wə·šā·p̄êl wəhaggāḇōha wəhašpîlêhū wəhišpîl wəšāp̄alt wəšāp̄êl yaš·pî·lāh yaš·pî·len·nāh yaš·pîl yashPil yashpiLah yashpiLennah yašpîl yašpîlāh yašpîlennāh yiš·pā·lū yishPalu yišpālū
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