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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #8658 - תַּרְשִׁישׁ

Word Origin
probably of foreign derivation [compare (08659)]
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) a precious stone or semi-precious gem

1a) perhaps a chrysolite, yellow jasper, or other yellow coloured stone

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 440 ‑ ἄνθραξ (anth'‑rax);  2281 ‑ θάλασσα (thal'‑as‑sah);  5555 ‑ χρυσόλιθος (khroo‑sol'‑ee‑thos);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (7) NAS (6) HCS (7)
Exodus 2
Song of Solomon 1
Ezekiel 3
Daniel 1
Exodus 2
Song of Solomon 1
Ezekiel 2
Daniel 1
Exodus 2
Song of Solomon 1
Ezekiel 3
Daniel 1
n-cms 7
n-cms 7
n-cms 7

Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1458) sr (רסה RSh) AC: Inherit CO: Head AB: ?: The pictograph r is a picture of the head. The head of the tribe (chief) or family (father) is passed from generation to generation. The head grants permission for the betrothal of his daughters and determines the inheritor of the tribe or family. The head of a person, place, thing or time. (eng: raise - with the exchange of the s and sh)

A) sr (רסה RSh) AC: ? CO: Head AB: ?

Nf2 ) tsr (רסהת RShT) - Net: [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (21): net - Strongs: H7568 (רֶשֶׁת)

fjm) nfisr (רסהיונ RShYWN) - Permission: KJV (1): grant - Strongs: H7558 (רִשְׁיוֹן)

B) ssr (רסהסה RShSh) AC: ? CO: Head AB: ?

ibm ) sisrt (תרסהיסה TRShYSh) - Tarshish: An unknown precious stone. A chief of trade goods. KJV (7): beryle - Strongs: H8658 (תַּרְשִׁישׁ)

C) sra (ארסה ARSh) AC: Request CO: ? AB: ?: A granting permission to marry.

V) sra (ארסה ARSh) - Betroth: To request a woman for marriage. [df: Vra] KJV (11): (vf: Pual, Piel) betroth, espouse - Strongs: H781 (אָרַשׂ)

Nf2 ) tsra (ארסהת ARShT) - Request: KJV (1): request - Strongs: H782 (אֲרֶשֶׁת)

D) sar (ראסה RASh) AC: ? CO: Head AB: ?

Nm ) sar (ראסה RASh) - Head: The top of the body. A person in authority or role of leader. The top, beginning or first of something. [Hebrew and Aramaic] [df: syr] KJV (619): head, chief, top, beginning, company, captain, sum, first, principal, chapiters, rulers - Strongs: H7217 (רֵאשׁ), H7218 (רֹאשׁ), H7389 (רִישׁ)

Nf3 ) tfsar (ראסהות RAShWT) - Headrest: A place where the head is laid. KJV (1): bolster - Strongs: H7226 (רַאֲשׁוֹת)

Nf4) tisar (ראסהית RAShYT) - Beginning: The head of a space such as the head of a river or time such as an event. KJV (51): beginning, firstfruits, first, chief - Strongs: H7225 (רֵאשִׁית)

af1) esarm (מראסהה MRAShH) - Head: As a leader. KJV (1): principality - Strongs: H4761 (מְרַאֲשׁוֹת)

ef1) esair (ריאסהה RYAShH) - Beginning: The head of a space such as the head of a river or time such as an event. KJV (185): first, former, beginning, chief, before, old, foremost, aforetime - Strongs: H7223 (רִאשֹׁן)

ejm) nfsair (ריאסהונ RYAShWN) - First: The head of a time or position. KJV (185): first, former, beginning, chief, before, old, foremost, aforetime - Strongs: H7223 (רִאשֹׁן)

gm) safr (רואסה RWASh) - Venom: The poison of serpents that comes sacks located in the head. Also by extension any type of poison. KJV (12): gall, venom, poison, hemlock - Strongs: H7219 (רוֹשׁ)

gf1) esafr (רואסהה RWAShH) - Head: KJV (1): beginnings - Strongs: H7222 (רֹאשָׁה)

kf1) esarm (מראסהה MRAShH) - Headrest: A place where the head is laid. KJV (8): bolster, pillow, head - Strongs: H4763 (מְרַאֲשׁוֹת)

emfm) insair (ריאסהני RYAShNY) - First: The head of a time or position. KJV (1): first - Strongs: H7224 (רִאשׁוֹנִי)

J) sfr (רוסה RWSh) AC: ? CO: Poor AB: ?: One who hangs down the head and is in need.

Nm) sfr (רוסה RWSh) - Poor: KJV (24): poor, lack, needy - Strongs: H7326 (רוּשׁ)

L) sri (ירסה YRSh) AC: Inherit CO: ? AB: Inheritance: The inheritor becomes the head of the family. [See also src]

V) sri (ירסה YRSh) - Inherit: KJV (232): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Piel) possession, out, inherit, heir, possession, succeed, dispossess, poverty, drive, enjoy, poor, expel - Strongs: H3423 (יָרֵשׁ)

Nf1) esri (ירסהה YRShH) - Inheritance: KJV (2): possession - Strongs: H3424 (יְרֵשָׁה)

am) srfm (מורסה MWRSh) - Inheritance: KJV (3): possession, thought - Strongs: H4180 (מוֹרָשׁ)

af1) esrfm (מורסהה MWRShH) - Inheritance: KJV (9): possession, inheritance, heritage - Strongs: H4181 (מוֹרָשָׁה)

df1) esfri (ירוסהה YRWShH) - Inheritance: KJV (14): possession, heritage, inheritance - Strongs: H3425 (יְרֻשָּׁה)

icm) sfrit (תירוסה TYRWSh) - Wine: A freshly pressed wine. [Unknown connection to root;] KJV (38): wine - Strongs: H8492 (תִּירֹשׁ)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2020
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 I. תַּרְשִׁישׁ noun masculine a precious stone, perhaps yellow jasper, or other gold-coloured stone (ᵐ5 L Exodus 28:20; Exodus 39:13 χρυσόλιθοχ, so Jos Ant. iii. 7, 5 [168], see Petrie Hast. DB STONES, PRECIOUS Myres Ency. Bib. ID. § 17 Dr Daniel 10:6); — ׳כְּעֵין ת Ezekiel 1:6; ׳כְּעֵין אֵבֶן ת Ezekiel 10:9; in list of gems Ezekiel 28:13; Exodus 28:20; Exodus 39:13; in simile of resplendent body Daniel 10:6, compare Song of Solomon 5:14.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

תַּרְשִׁישׁ (perhaps, “breaking,” “subjection,” i.e. region subjected, from the root רָשַׁשׁ) [Tarshish, Tharshish], pr.n.

(1)  Tartessus, Ταρτησσός (more rarely, Ταρσηΐον, Polyb. Steph. Byz.), a city of Spain with the adjacent country, situated between the two mouths of the river Bætis (now Guadalquivir), a very flourishing colony and emporium of the Phœnicians, Genesis 10:4; Psalms 72:10; Isaiah 23:1, Isaiah 23:6, 10 Isaiah 23:10, 66:19 Jonah 1:3, 4:2 Ezekiel 38:13 hence silver (comp. Diod. Sic., v. 35-38. Strab. iii. page 148; Casaub.), iron, tin, and lead were brought to Tyre, Jeremiah 10:9; Ezekiel 27:12, 25 Ezekiel 27:25. See Bochart, in Geogr. Sacra, lib. iii. cap. 7, p. 165 seqq.; J. D. Michaëlis, Spicileg. Geogr. Hebr. Exteræ, i. p. 82-103; and G. G. Bredovii Disqui. Histor. fasc. ii. p. 260-803. Compare my Comment. on Isaiah 23:1, אֳנִיּוֹת תַּרְשִׁישׁ ships of Tarshish, partly properly so called, the Tyrian ships sent to Tartessus, or returning thence, Isaiah 23:1, Isaiah 23:4, 60:9 partly used as a general term for large ships of burden, although going into other countries, Isaiah 2:16; Psalms 48:8 and so, 1 Kings 10:22 (compare 9:28 ); 22:49 used of the ships going to Ophir; although the author of the Chronicles seems either not to know, or acknowledge this usage of language; see 2 Chronicles 9:21, 20:36, 37 2 Chronicles 20:37 compare my Gesch. d. Heb. Spr. p. 42.

(2) a precious stone, so called no doubt from Tartessus, as Ophir is used for gold of Ophir, Exodus 28:20, 39:13 Ezekiel 1:16, 10:9 28:13 Song of Solomon 5:14; Daniel 10:6. The chrysolite, i.e. the topaz of the moderns (which is still found in Spain), according to LXX. and Josephus, is understood by Braun (De Vestitu Sacerdot. ii. 7). Others prefer amber, but this is contrary to Exodus 28:20, 39:13.

(3) [Tarshish], pr.n.

(a) of a Persian prince, Esther 1:14.

(b) 1 Chronicles 7:10.

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List of Word Forms
בַּתַּרְשִׁ֑ישׁ בתרשיש כְתַרְשִׁ֗ישׁ כתרשיש תַּרְשִֽׁישׁ׃ תַּרְשִׁ֔ישׁ תַּרְשִׁ֥ישׁ תרשיש תרשיש׃ bat·tar·šîš battarShish battaršîš chetarShish ḵə·ṯar·šîš ḵəṯaršîš tar·šîš tarShish taršîš
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