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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
2 Peter 2

 

 


Other Authors
Verse 1

were = arose.

false prophets. Greek. pseudoprophetes. Compare Matthew 24:11, Matthew 24:24. Luke 6:26. Acts 13:6. 1 John 4:1.

people. See Acts 2:47.

even as, &c. Read, as among you also, &c.

false teachers. Greek. pseudodidaskalos. Only here.

who = such as.

privily . . . in. Greek. pareisago. Only here. Compare Romans 5:20 and Galatians 1:2, Galatians 1:4.

damnable heresies = heresies (Acts 5:17) of destruction, or perdition (Greek. apoleia). See John 17:12.

even denying = denying even.

Lord. App-98.

bought. See Matthew 13:44, Matthew 13:46.

and bring upon = bringing upon. Greek. epago. See Acts 5:28.

swift. See 2 Peter 1:14.

destruction. See "damnable", above


Verse 2

follow. See 2 Peter 1:16.

pernicious ways. Greek. apoleia, as 2 Peter 2:1, but the texts read "lasciviousnesses". Greek. aselgeia. See Romans 13:13.

by reason of. App-104. 2 Peter 2:2.

evil spoken of = blasphemed, as 1 Peter 4:4.


Verse 3

covetousness. Greek. pleonexia. First occurrence Mark 7:22.

feigned = formed, i.e. fabricated. Greek. plastos. Only here.

words. App-121.

make merchandise of. Greek. emporeuomai. See James 4:13.

judgment. App-177.

now, &c. = from (App-104.) of old (as in 2 Peter 3:5).

lingereth. Greek. argeo. Only here. Compare 2 Peter 1:8.

damnation. Same as "destruction", 2 Peter 2:1.

slumbereth. Greek. nustazo. Only here and Matthew 25:5.

if. App-118.

God. App-98.

spared. See Acts 20:29.

the. Omit.

that = when they.

sinned. App-128.

cast . . . down to hell, and = having thrust down to Tartarus.

delivered. See John 19:30.

chains. Greek. seira, a cord. Only here. The texts read "pits". Greek. seiros.

darkness. Greek. zophos. Only here, 2 Peter 2:17, and Jude 1:6, Jude 1:13.

to be. Omit.

judgment. App-177.


Verse 5

And. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton (App-6) in verses: 2 Peter 2:5-7.

old = ancient. See Matthew 5:21.

world. App-129.

saved = preserved. Same word John 17:12.

the eighth. A Greek. idiom for himself and seven others.

preacher. App-121.

righteousness. App-191.

ungodly. Greek. asebes. See App-128.


Verse 6

turning . . . into ashes. Greek. tephroo. Only here.

condemned. App-122.

overthrow. Greek. katastrophe. See 2 Timothy 2:14.

making = having made.

ensample. Greek. hupodeigma. See John 13:15.

unto = of.

that after should. Literally about to. live ungodly. Greek. asebeo. Only here and Jude 1:15. Compare 2 Peter 2:5.


Verse 7

delivered = rescued. As in 2 Corinthians 1:10.

just. App-191.

Lot. As believing Jehovah, Lot was justified. We do not know all his life, and we do not know all implied by the rest of this verse and by 2 Peter 2:8.

vexed = oppressed. See Acts 7:24.

with = by. App-104.

filthy conversation = behaviour (see Galatians 1:1, Galatians 1:13) in (Greek. en) lasciviousness (Greek. aselgeia. See 1 Peter 4:3).

wicked = lawless. Greek. athesmos. Only here and 2 Peter 3:17.


Verse 8

that righteous man = the just one. Compare 2 Peter 2:7.

dwelling. Greek. enkatoikeo. Only here.

seeing. Greek. blemma. Only here.

vexed. Greek. basanizo. Transl "torment", except Matthew 14:24. Mark 6:48 (where see note). Revelation 12:2.

righteous. Same as "just", above.

soul App-110.

unlawful. App-128.


Verse 9

Lord. App-98.

knoweth. App-132.

godly. Greek. eusebes. See Acts 10:2.

out of. App-104.

temptations = temptation. See 1 Peter 1:6.

the = a.

punished. Compare Job 21:30.


Verse 10

uncleanness. Greek. miasmos. Only here. Compare 2 Peter 2:20.

government = dominion. Greek. kuriotes. See Ephesians 1:21. Jude 1:8.

Presumptuous = Daring. Greek. tolmetes. Only here. self willed. Greek. authades. See Titus 1:7.

are not afraid = do not tremble.

speak evil of = blaspheme, as 2 Peter 2:2.

dignities. Literally glories. Greek. doxa. Seep. 1511. Only here and Jude 1:8 used as a title.


Verse 11

which are = though being.

power. App-172.

might. App-172. Compare Psalms 103:20. 2 Thessalonians 1:7.

railing. Greek. blasphemos, as 1 Timothy 1:13.

accusation. App-177.

before. App-104. Compare Jude 1:9. Zechariah 3:1, Zechariah 3:2.


Verse 12

natural. Greek. phusikos. See Romans 1:26.

brute. Greek. alogos. See Acts 25:27.

beasts = living creatures. Greek. zoon. Same as Hebrews 13:11.

to be taken, &c. = for (App-104.) capture (Greek. halosis. Only here) and destruction (Greek. phthora. See Romans 8:21).

of = in. App-104.

understand not = are ignorant of. Greek. agnoeo.

utterly perish. Greek. kataphtheiro. See 2 Timothy 3:8. The texts read "even perish" (kai phtheiro).

corruption. Greek. phthora, as above.


Verse 13

reward = wages. Greek. misthos.

unrighteousness. App-128. Compare 2 Peter 2:15 and Acts 1:18.

as they, &c. = reckoning it (as they do).

to riot = living delicately. Greek. truphe. Only here and Luke 7:25. Compare James 5:5.

the day time. Literally a day.

Spots. Greek. spilos. Here and Ephesians 5:27.

blemishes. Greek. momos. Only here. Compare 2 Corinthians 6:3 (blamed).

sporting themselves = living delicately. Greek. en-truphao. Only here. Compare trupho, above.

with = in. App-104.

deceivings. Greek. apate. See Ephesians 4:22. Some texts read "love feasts". Greek. agape, as in Jude 1:12. Compare 1 Corinthians 11:21.

feast with. Greek. suneuocheomai. Only here and Jude 1:12.


Verse 14

adultery = an adulteress.

that cannot cease. Greek. akatapaustos. Only here.

sin. App-128.

beguiling. See James 1:14.

unstable. Greek. asteriktos. Only here and 2 Peter 3:16.

souls. App-110.

an heart, &c = having a heart.

exercised. See 1 Timothy 4:7. covetous practices = covetousness.

cursed children = children (App-108.) of (the) curse.


Verse 15

Balaam. See Numbers 22:5 note.

Bosor. See 2 Peter 22:5 (note). Some texts read "Beor".

loved. App-135.

wages. Same as reward, 2 Peter 2:13.


Verse 16

was rebuked = had rebuke (Greek. elenxis. Only here).

his = his own.

iniquity. App-128. Only here.

dumb. See Acts 8:32.

ass. Greek. hupozugion. Only here and Matthew 21:5.

speaking. See Acts 4:18.

man"s. App-123.

forbad = hindered.

madness. Greek. paraphronia. Only here. Compare 2 Corinthians 11:23.

prophet. App-189. Balaam delivered Jehovah"s messages (Numbers 23:5, Numbers 23:16; Numbers 24:4, Numbers 24:13), however unwillingly. He afterwards became a minister of Satan, in the counsel he gave Balak (Numbers 31:8, Numbers 31:16).


Verse 17

wells. Greek. pege. Always translated "fountain", except here and John 4:6, John 4:14.

without water. Greek. anudros. Only here; Matthew 12:43 (dry). Luke 11:24 (dry), and Jude 1:12.

clouds. The texts read "mists" (Greek. homichle. Only here)

carried = driven.

tempest. Greek. lailaps. Here and Mark 4:37. Luke 8:23.

mist. Same as "darkness", 2 Peter 2:4.

for ever. App-151. a. But the texts omit.


Verse 18

great swelling. Greek. huperonkos. Only here and Jude 1:16.

vanity. Greek. mataiotes. See Romans 8:20.

allure. Same as "beguile", 2 Peter 2:14.

through, &c. Literally by (dative case) lasciviousnesses. See "filthy", 2 Peter 2:7.

clean = indeed. Greek. ontos. See 1 Corinthians 14:25.

escaped. See 2 Peter 1:4. The texts read "scarcely" or "but just (Greek. oligos) escaping".

live. Greek. anastrepho. See 1 Peter 1:17.


Verse 19

are = being. Greek. huparcho. See Luke 9:48.

servants. App-190.

a man. App-123.

overcome. Greek. hettaomai. See 2 Corinthians 12:13.

brought in bondage = enslaved. App-190. Add "also".


Verse 20

pollutions. Greek. miasma. Only here. Compare 2 Peter 2:10.

knowledge. See 2 Peter 1:2, 2 Peter 1:3, 2 Peter 1:8.

Lord. App-98.

Jesus Christ. App-98. Compare 2 Peter 3:18.

entangled. Greek. empleko. See 2 Timothy 2:4.

latter end. Literally last things.

is = is become.

beginning = first.


Verse 21

not. App-105.

known. App-132.

turn = turn back.

from. App-104.

unto = to.


Verse 22

it is = there hath.

according to = the (fulfillment) of.

true. App-175.

proverb. Greek. paroimia. See John 10:6.

turned = turned back.

to. App-104.

vomit. Greek. exerama. Only here.

again. Omit. Quoted from Proverbs 26:11.

sow. Greek. hus. Only here.

washed. App-136.

wallowing. Greek. kulisma. Only here. Compare Mark 9:20.

mire. Greek. borboros. Only here.

 


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Peter 2:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-peter-2.html. 1909-1922.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, November 25th, 2020
the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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