Attention!
Tired of seeing ads while studying? Now you can enjoy an "Ads Free" version of the site for as little as 10¢ a day.

Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

2 Peter 2

Verse 1

were = arose.

false prophets . Greek. pseudoprophetes. Compare Matthew 24:11 , Matthew 24:24 .Luke 6:26 . Acts 13:6 . 1 John 4:1 .

people . See Acts 2:47 .

even as, &c . Read, as among you also, &c.

false teachers . Greek. pseudodidaskalos. Only here.

who = such as.

privily . . . in . Greek. pareisago. Only here. Compare Romans 5:20 and Galatians 1:2 , Galatians 1:4 .

damnable heresies = heresies (Acts 5:17 ) of destruction, or perdition (Greek. apoleia) . See John 17:12 .

even denying = denying even.

Lord . App-98 .

bought . See Matthew 13:44 , Matthew 13:46 .

and bring upon = bringing upon. Greek. epago . See Acts 5:28 .

swift . See 2 Peter 1:14 .

destruction . See "damnable", above

Verse 2

follow . See 2 Peter 1:16 .

pernicious ways . Greek. apoleia, as 2 Peter 2:1 , but the texts read "lasciviousnesses". Greek. aselgeia. See Romans 13:13 .

by reason of. App-104 . 2 Peter 2:2 .

evil spoken of = blasphemed, as 1 Peter 4:4 .

Verse 3

covetousness . Greek. pleonexia. First occurrence Mark 7:22 .

feigned = formed, i.e. fabricated. Greek. plastos. Only here.

words . App-121 .

make merchandise of . Greek. emporeuomai. See James 4:13 .

judgment . App-177 .

now, &c . = from ( App-104 .) of old (as in 2 Peter 3:5 ).

lingereth . Greek. argeo . Only here. Compare 2 Peter 1:8 .

damnation . Same as "destruction", 2 Peter 2:1 .

slumbereth . Greek. nustazo. Only here and Matthew 25:5 .

if . App-118 .

God . App-98 .

spared . See Acts 20:29 .

the . Omit.

that = when they.

sinned . App-128 .

cast . . . down to hell, and = having thrust down to Tartarus.

delivered . See John 19:30 .

chains . Greek. seira , a cord. Only here. The texts read "pits". Greek. seiros.

darkness . Greek. zophos. Only here, 2 Peter 2:17 , and Jude 1:6 , Jude 1:13 .

to be . Omit.

judgment . App-177 .

Verse 5

And . Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton ( App-6 ) in verses: 2 Peter 2:5-7 .

old = ancient. See Matthew 5:21 .

world . App-129 .

saved = preserved. Same word John 17:12 .

the eighth . A Greek. idiom for himself and seven others.

preacher . App-121 .

righteousness . App-191 .

ungodly . Greek. asebes. See App-128 .

Verse 6

turning . . . into ashes . Greek. tephroo. Only here.

condemned . App-122 .

overthrow . Greek. katastrophe. See 2 Timothy 2:14 .

making = having made.

ensample . Greek. hupodeigma. See John 13:15 .

unto = of.

that after should . Literally about to. live ungodly. Greek. asebeo. Only here and Jude 1:15 . Compare 2 Peter 2:5 .

Verse 7

delivered = rescued. As in 2 Corinthians 1:10 .

just . App-191 .

Lot . As believing Jehovah, Lot was justified. We do not know all his life, and we do not know all implied by the rest of this verse and by 2 Peter 2:8 .

vexed = oppressed. See Acts 7:24 .

with = by. App-104 .

filthy conversation = behaviour (see Galatians 1:1 , Galatians 1:13 ) in (Greek. en) lasciviousness (Greek. aselgeia. See 1 Peter 4:3 ).

wicked = lawless. Greek. athesmos. Only here and 2 Peter 3:17 .

Verse 8

that righteous man = the just one. Compare 2 Peter 2:7 .

dwelling . Greek. enkatoikeo. Only here.

seeing . Greek. blemma. Only here.

vexed . Greek. basanizo. Transl "torment", except Matthew 14:24 .Mark 6:48 (where see note). Revelation 12:2 .

righteous . Same as "just", above.

soul App-110 .

unlawful . App-128 .

Verse 9

Lord . App-98 .

knoweth . App-132 .

godly . Greek. eusebes . See Acts 10:2 .

out of . App-104 .

temptations = temptation. See 1 Peter 1:6 .

the = a.

punished . Compare Job 21:30 .

Verse 10

uncleanness . Greek. miasmos. Only here. Compare 2 Peter 2:20 .

government = dominion. Greek. kuriotes. See Ephesians 1:21 .Jude 1:8 .

Presumptuous = Daring. Greek. tolmetes . Only here. self willed. Greek. authades. See Titus 1:7 .

are not afraid = do not tremble.

speak evil of = blaspheme, as 2 Peter 2:2 .

dignities . Literally glories. Greek. doxa. Seep. 1511. Only here and Jude 1:8 used as a title.

Verse 11

which are = though being.

power . App-172 .

might . App-172 . Compare Psalms 103:20 . 2 Thessalonians 1:7 .

railing . Greek. blasphemos, as 1 Timothy 1:13 .

accusation . App-177 .

before . App-104 . Compare Jude 1:9 . Zechariah 3:1 , Zechariah 3:2 .

Verse 12

natural . Greek. phusikos. See Romans 1:26 .

brute . Greek. alogos. See Acts 25:27 .

beasts = living creatures. Greek. zoon. Same as Hebrews 13:11 .

to be taken, &c . = for ( App-104 .) capture (Greek. halosis. Only here) and destruction (Greek. phthora. See Romans 8:21 ).

of = in. App-104 .

understand not = are ignorant of. Greek. agnoeo.

utterly perish . Greek. kataphtheiro. See 2 Timothy 3:8 . The texts read "even perish" ( kai phtheiro) .

corruption . Greek. phthora, as above.

Verse 13

reward = wages. Greek. misthos.

unrighteousness . App-128 . Compare 2 Peter 2:15 and Acts 1:18 .

as they, &c . = reckoning it (as they do).

to riot = living delicately. Greek. truphe. Only here and Luke 7:25 . Compare James 5:5 .

the day time . Literally a day.

Spots . Greek. spilos. Here and Ephesians 5:27 .

blemishes . Greek. momos. Only here. Compare 2 Corinthians 6:3 (blamed).

sporting themselves = living delicately. Greek. en - truphao. Only here. Compare trupho, above.

with = in. App-104 .

deceivings . Greek. apate . See Ephesians 4:22 . Some texts read "love feasts". Greek. agape, as in Jude 1:12 . Compare 1 Corinthians 11:21 .

feast with . Greek. suneuocheomai. Only here and Jude 1:12 .

Verse 14

adultery = an adulteress.

that cannot cease . Greek. akatapaustos. Only here.

sin . App-128 .

beguiling . See James 1:14 .

unstable . Greek. asteriktos. Only here and 2 Peter 3:16 .

souls . App-110 .

an heart, &c = having a heart.

exercised . See 1 Timothy 4:7 . covetous practices = covetousness.

cursed children = children ( App-108 .) of (the) curse.

Verse 15

Balaam . See Numbers 22:5 note.

Bosor . See 2Pe 22:5 (note). Some texts read "Beor".

loved . App-135 .

wages . Same as reward, 2 Peter 2:13 .

Verse 16

was rebuked = had rebuke (Greek. elenxis. Only here).

his = his own.

iniquity . App-128 . Only here.

dumb . See Acts 8:32 .

ass . Greek. hupozugion. Only here and Matthew 21:5 .

speaking . See Acts 4:18 .

man's . App-123 .

forbad = hindered.

madness . Greek. paraphronia. Only here. Compare 2 Corinthians 11:23 .

prophet . App-189 . Balaam delivered Jehovah's messages (Numbers 23:5 , Numbers 23:16 ; Numbers 24:4 , Numbers 24:13 ), however unwillingly. He afterwards became a minister of Satan, in the counsel he gave Balak (Numbers 31:8 , Numbers 31:16 ).

Verse 17

wells . Greek. pege . Always translated "fountain", except here and John 4:6 , John 4:14 .

without water . Greek. anudros. Only here; Matthew 12:43 (dry). Luke 11:24 (dry), and Jude 1:12 .

clouds . The texts read "mists" (Greek. homichle. Only here)

carried = driven.

tempest . Greek. lailaps. Here and Mark 4:37 . Luke 8:23 .

mist . Same as "darkness", 2 Peter 2:4 .

for ever . App-151 . a. But the texts omit.

Verse 18

great swelling . Greek. huperonkos. Only here and Jude 1:16 .

vanity . Greek. mataiotes. See Romans 8:20 .

allure . Same as "beguile", 2 Peter 2:14 .

through , &c . Literally by (dative case) lasciviousnesses. See "filthy", 2 Peter 2:7 .

clean = indeed. Greek. ontos . See 1 Corinthians 14:25 .

escaped . See 2 Peter 1:4 . The texts read "scarcely" or "but just (Greek. oligos) escaping".

live . Greek. anastrepho. See 1 Peter 1:17 .

Verse 19

are = being. Greek. huparcho. See Luke 9:48 .

servants . App-190 .

a man . App-123 .

overcome . Greek. hettaomai. See 2 Corinthians 12:13 .

brought in bondage = enslaved. App-190 . Add "also".

Verse 20

pollutions . Greek. miasma. Only here. Compare 2 Peter 2:10 .

knowledge . See 2 Peter 1:2 , 2 Peter 1:3 , 2 Peter 1:8 .

Lord . App-98 .

Jesus Christ . App-98 . Compare 2 Peter 3:18 .

entangled . Greek. empleko. See 2 Timothy 2:4 .

latter end . Literally last things.

is = is become.

beginning = first.

Verse 21

not . App-105 .

known . App-132 .

turn = turn back.

from . App-104 .

unto = to.

Verse 22

it is = there hath.

according to = the (fulfillment) of.

true . App-175 .

proverb . Greek. paroimia. See John 10:6 .

turned = turned back.

to . App-104 .

vomit . Greek. exerama . Only here.

again . Omit. Quoted from Proverbs 26:11 .

sow . Greek. hus . Only here.

washed . App-136 .

wallowing . Greek. kulisma. Only here. Compare Mark 9:20 .

mire . Greek. borboros. Only here.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Peter 2". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/2-peter-2.html. 1909-1922.