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the third year of Cyrus . Called by his appellative "Darius" (= the Restrainer, or Maintainer, in Daniel 9:1 ; Dan 9:42 4BC.) Two years later than Daniel 9:0 . This is Daniel's latest date; which continues to the end of this book, seventythree years since his deportation: he being now eighty-nine years old.
thing = word, or matter.
Belteshazzar . See Daniel 1:7 .
but the time appointed was long = but [concerned] a long warfare.
time appointed . Hebrew. tzaba. Generally rendered "host" or "army" (Daniel 8:10 , Daniel 8:11 , Daniel 8:12 ). Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Adjunct), App-6 , for warfare.
long: or, great.
three full weeks = three sevens of days. See next verse and Daniel 10:13 , in contrast with Daniel 9:24 , Daniel 9:25 . Compare this humiliation with that of Daniel 9:3-19 , and see the Structure ("Daniel 9:3-19 " and "Daniel 10:2 , Daniel 10:3 ", p. 1196).
pleasant bread = bread of desires: i.e. pleasant food.
wine . Hebrew. yayin. App-27 .
three whole weeks = three sevens of days, as in verses: Daniel 10:2 , Daniel 10:13 .
confronting me three sevens of days : but, lo,
the four and twentieth, &c.: i.e. the twenty-fourth of Nisan (i.e. Abib).
Hiddekel: i.e. the Tigris. See Genesis 2:14 .
man . Hebrew ' ish . App-14 .
clothed, &c. Compare the description in Revelation 1:0 . Note the Divine and angelic appearances in this book: Daniel 3:25 ; Daniel 4:13 , Daniel 4:17 , Daniel 4:23 ; Daniel 6:22 ; Daniel 7:16 ; Daniel 8:13 , Daniel 8:14 , Daniel 8:16-26 ; Daniel 9:21 ; Daniel 10:4-8 , Daniel 10:10 , Daniel 10:16 , Daniel 10:18 , Daniel 10:20 ; Daniel 12:1 , Daniel 12:5 , Daniel 12:6 .
men . Hebrew, plural of 'enosh. App-14 . Compare Acts 9:7 .
was I in a deep sleep, &c. Compare Daniel 8:18 .
stand upright . Note the Figure of speech Polyptoton ( App-6 ), stand upon thy standing: i.e. stand up where thou art.
the first day . See Daniel 9:23 .
chasten = humble. See note on Daniel 10:3 .
God . Hebrew. Elohim. App-4 .
the prince = ruler. Hebrew. sar = a ruler (from sarar = to rule). Hence Caesar, Tzar or Czar . Generally rendered "prince" in this book. See Daniel 1:7 , Daniel 1:8 , Daniel 1:9 , Daniel 1:10 , Daniel 1:11 , Daniel 1:18 ; Daniel 8:11 , Daniel 8:25 ; Daniel 9:6 , Daniel 9:8 ; Daniel 10:13 , Daniel 10:20 , Daniel 10:21 ; Daniel 11:5 ; Daniel 12:1 . The rulers may be good, angelic (good or evil), or the world-rulers of Ephesians 6:12 .
withstood = was standing confronting me.
one and twenty days . See verses: Daniel 10:2 , Daniel 10:3 .
Michael = who is like GOD (Hebrew El)? The second angel named in this book. The special angelic ruler for Israel (Daniel 10:21 ; Daniel 12:1 . Compare Jude 1:9 , and Revelation 12:7 ).
princes . Hebrew. sar = chief. Not the same word as in Daniel 11:8 , Daniel 11:18 , Daniel 11:22 .
I remained = I was superfluous: i.e. not needed. Hence we may render, "I left him there". Not the same word as in Daniel 10:17 .
with = beside.
the latter days . Reference to Pentateuch (Genesis 49:1 .Numbers 24:14 .Deuteronomy 4:30 ; Deuteronomy 31:29 ). App-92 . See note on Daniel 2:28 . Note the bearing of this on the prophecy itself, given in Daniel 11:21 Daniel 12:3 .
dumb . Compare Psalms 139:2 , Psalms 139:9 .
men . Hebrew. 'adam. App-14 .
remained = continued. Not the same word as in Daniel 10:13 .
breath . Hebrew. neshamah. See App-16 .
strengthened = strengthened (for endurance). Hebrew. hazak.
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Daniel 10". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29