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Bible Commentaries
Daniel 10

Smith's Bible CommentarySmith's Commentary

Verses 1-21

Chapter 10

Now in chapter 10,

In the third year of Cyrus the king of Persia a thing was revealed unto Daniel, whose [Babylonian or Chaldean] name was Belteshazzar; and the thing was true, but the time appointed was long: and he understood the thing, and had understanding of the vision. In those days I Daniel was mourning for three full weeks. And I ate no pastries, neither meat nor wine, neither did I anoint myself at all, until the three whole weeks were fulfilled ( Daniel 10:1-3 ).

So, again, a time of special waiting upon God. The denying of his flesh by not eating any pastries or any meat, just on a vegetarian type of a diet. Not drinking any wine. And after the twenty-first day,

And in the four and twentieth day of the first month, I was by the side of the great river, which is Hiddekel; And then I lifted up my eyes, and I looked, and behold a certain man who was clothed in linen, whose loins were girded with the fine gold of Uphaz: His body also was like the beryl, and his face as the appearance of lightning, and his eyes like lamps of fire, and his arms and his feet like in color to polished brass, and the voice of his words like the voice of a multitude. And I Daniel alone saw the vision: for the men that were with me did not see the vision; but a great quaking fell on them, so that they fled to hide themselves ( Daniel 10:4-7 ).

Those are the kind of friends you want--something goes a little wrong and they flee. And so Daniel is left alone. But as he describes this man in linen, girded with gold, the appearance is extremely similar to John's vision of Christ in Revelation, chapter 1, and if you put those two passages side by side it would appear that they are describing the same person indeed. John said he turned to see the one who was walking in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks. And he was clothed with a garment down to his foot. And around the chest he had a golden girdle. His head and his hair were white like wool, as white as snow. His eyes were like flames of fire. His feet like unto fine brass and his voice like the sound of many waters. And so you find parallel descriptions. And because of the parallel descriptions, many Bible scholars affirm that who John actually saw here was none other than the Lord Jesus Christ. This also is confirmed in their minds by the reaction that the appearance of this man had on Daniel, verse Daniel 10:8 .

Therefore I was left alone, and saw this great vision, and there remained no strength in me: for my comeliness was turned into corruption, and I retained no strength ( Daniel 10:8 ).

The effect of seeing Him was just devastating to Daniel. He would... just became weakened, no strength and his beauty just turned into corruption. This is the effect of any man who has a real vision of God.

Daniel said, "In the year that king Uzziah died, then I saw the Lord high lifted up sitting upon the throne His train did fill the temple. Then said I, 'Woe is me for I am undone. I am a man of unclean lips. I dwell amongst a people of unclean lips.'" The effect of seeing the Lord is always seeing yourself in the true light. We don't see ourselves in a true light because we see ourselves in the light of others. And I say, "Oh, I'm not so bad. Look at him." You see, and I'm comparing myself with others. But Jesus said, "You do error in that you compare yourself with men." To see myself in the real light as God sees me, I must see myself in the light of Jesus Christ. And looking at myself in the light of Jesus Christ, all I can do is bow my head and say, "I'm ugly. I'm filled with corruption. I'm unrighteous. I'm unholy. Oh God, depart from me. I'm a sinful man," as Peter declared. "My comeliness, my beauty was turned into corruption. And I was weak, I was faint."

And I heard the voice of his words: and when I heard the voice of his words, then I was in a deep sleep on my face, my face towards the ground ( Daniel 10:9 ).

It just sort of wiped him out. He was just down on his face on the ground. And John, when he saw the vision of Christ, he fell on his face and it was as he was dead. And so the same effect on John as it had on Daniel here.

Now, the difficulty with this bright, glorious creature that Daniel saw as being Jesus Christ comes in the next passage, or in the next portion of the passage.

And he said unto me, O Daniel, a man greatly beloved, understand the words that I speak unto thee ( Daniel 10:11 ),


And, behold, a hand touched me, and set me on my knees and upon the palms of hands. And said unto me, O Daniel, a man greatly beloved, understand the words that I speak unto thee, and stand up straight: for unto thee am I now sent. And when he had spoken these words unto me, I stood trembling. And then he said unto me, Fear not, Daniel: for from the first day that you did set your heart to understand, and to chasten thyself before thy God, thy words were heard, and I am come for thy words. But the prince of the kingdom of Persia withstood me for twenty-one days: but, lo, Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me; and I remained there with the kings of Persia. Now I might come to make thee understand what shall befall thy people in the latter days: for yet the vision is in [the future,] many days ( Daniel 10:10-14 ).

So I'm gonna give you again an insight what's going to happen to your people in the days to come.

Now, it is inconceivable that the prince of Persia, which of course is Satan, the power behind the earthly thrones, you remember Satan said to Jesus, "All of the kingdoms of the earth belong to me; they are mine. I can give them to whomever I will." And so even as in Ezekiel the king of Tyrus, Satan is addressed through the king of Tyrus, so Satan is referred to through the prince of Persia. For we wrestle not against flesh and blood but against these principalities and powers these evil spirit entities that are working in the high places of world governments. Really, Satan is not so much interested in you as he is in the world leaders, over which he can influence so many people by the edicts and all of the world rulers. He sends out his little puny cohorts after us, but really we're no match for them. You're fortunate you never dealt with the guy himself. You'd have no chance at all except, of course, greater is He that is in us than he that is in the world. So thank God through Christ we triumph. But he is dealing with the world leaders then so this one who was dispatched to Daniel was dispatched at the time that Daniel began his fast. But for twenty-one days he was restrained until Michael that great prince came and set him free.

Now Michael is always fighting with Satan it seems. And he is a match for him. They were disputing with each other over the body of Moses. Remember in the book of Jude when Michael was disputing with Satan over the body of Moses. Michael dared not to bring any railing accusation against him, but said, "The Lord rebuke thee." In the book of Revelation, in the last final great battle, then Michael the great prince will stand up against Satan and fight against him and his armies. So this battle's been going on between Michael and Satan. And here this angel was held captive, or this messenger was held captive until Michael came and delivered him.

Now, those who interpret the vision to be of Christ do see in verse Daniel 10:10 a change of personages. Where he declares, "And behold a hand touched me." Now we would in reading assume that that hand was the one of the person that he saw. But those who interpret the one that he saw as Christ say that Christ came, but also other messengers, because in chapter 12 one of the others, when he was declaring the Great Tribulation was coming, said, "How long until the end of these things?" And there's conversations going on between them. So that one of the other messengers, one of the angels that was with Christ touched Daniel and set him on his knees, and it is the angel that is talking to him from here on through the end of the chapter. I do not believe that you can be dogmatic on this issue. It would certainly appear that this is the description of Jesus Christ, especially as compared with Revelation, chapter 1. And I tend to lean in that direction and I do see the change of persons in verse Daniel 10:10 . It does appear that that is likely. There is no other angel so described as is this personage described. And because it so parallels the description of Jesus Christ, it would appear to me that it is none other than Jesus Christ. However, that's a matter of opinion, and you can take it for what it's worth.

But the main thing is that Daniel is to be given now understanding of the things that are going to take place towards the end.

And when he had spoken such words unto me, I set my face be toward the ground, and I became dumb [speechless]. And, behold, one like the similitude of the sons of men touched my lips ( Daniel 10:15-16 ):

You see, there are other persons here.

then I opened my mouth, and spake, and said unto him that stood before me, O my lord, by the vision my sorrows are turned upon me, and I've retained no strength ( Daniel 10:16 ).

I'm wiped out. God, you know, because these visions, I'm just wiped out. Don't show me anything else, I can' take it. I'm just...I'm totally whipped. I'm beat; I've had it.

For how can thy servant of this my lord talk with this my lord? for as for me, immediately there remained no strength in me, neither was there any breath in me ( Daniel 10:17 ).

Remember, and John fell at his feet as dead and so he describes, "I had no strength, there was no breath, I was just wiped out."

Then there came again and touched me one ( Daniel 10:18 )

And you see there are several personages here.

like the appearance of a man, and he strengthened me, and he said, O man greatly beloved, fear not: peace be unto thee; be strong, yea be strong ( Daniel 10:18-19 ).

Glorious word of faith.

And when he had spoken unto me, I was strengthened, and said, Let my lord speak; for you have strengthened me ( Daniel 10:19 ).

Daniel said, "Hey, I can't talk with you. I've had it, you know. I was...I'm wiped out; I have no strength." And so he touches him and said, "Be strong. Be strong." And he says, "Okay, now you can talk. I'm strengthened."

Then he asked Daniel, "Do you know why I have come to you?"

Knowest thou wherefore I have come unto thee? and now I will return to fight with the prince of Persia ( Daniel 10:20 ):

Hey, I'm going to head back into the battle. That thing was going great and I want to get back there, you know, with the prince of Persia.

and when I am gone forth, lo, the prince of Grecia shall come ( Daniel 10:20 ).

So the prince of Persia is gonna be replaced by the prince of Grecia.

But I will show thee that which is noted in the scripture of truth: there is none that holdeth with me in these things, but Michael your prince ( Daniel 10:21 ). "

Bibliographical Information
Smith, Charles Ward. "Commentary on Daniel 10". "Smith's Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/csc/daniel-10.html. 2014.
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