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3. The families of Transjordan ch. 5
Reuben, Gad, and half the tribe of Manasseh settled east of the Jordan River. Reuben would have normally been the son of Jacob through whom the greatest blessing would come since he was the first-born. However, because of his sin (1 Chronicles 5:1), God passed him over. God blessed Joseph with the double portion of the birthright. He did this by elevating Joseph’s two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh, to equality among Jacob’s other sons, Joseph’s brothers. God’s blessing of Judah with leadership over the Israelites was contrary to natural order. It was pure grace for those tribes.
God was not only faithful to bless as He had promised, but He also judged sin as He had said He would (1 Chronicles 5:25-26). This is the reason the Transjordanian tribes went into captivity.
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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 5". "Dr. Constable's Expository Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Fourth Week after Epiphany