Lectionary Calendar
Friday, June 21st, 2024
the Week of Proper 6 / Ordinary 11
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Bible Commentaries
1 Chronicles 5

Kingcomments on the Whole BibleKingcomments

Verses 1-10


The three tribes, whose descendants are mentioned in this chapter, Reuben, Gad and the half tribe of Manasseh, live in the wilderness side of the Jordan.

Descendants of Reuben

Reuben lost his birthright by an act of fornication (1 Chronicles 5:1-Exodus :; Genesis 35:22; Genesis 49:3-Numbers :). That birthright went to Joseph. God’s choice goes beyond the natural. But Judah gets the most important place because through him the royal line runs and from his descendants the Leader, the Lord Jesus, will be born.

Reuben has enlarged his area (1 Chronicles 5:9-2 Samuel :). He was given permission to stay on the east side of the Jordan and was not compelled to live in the land (Numbers 32:1-Deuteronomy :; Numbers 32:33). He wanted to stay on the east side of the Jordan because of his many cattle. It is the side that speaks of the earthly blessings.

What Reuben does present to us the man who would like to possess more of the earthly blessings. For the Christian, it is dangerous to engage in the accumulation of earthly possessions as an end in itself. He will thereby pierce himself with many griefs (1 Timothy 6:9-2 Samuel :; 1 Timothy 6:17-Psalms :).

Verses 11-22

Descendants of Gad

Gad is a tribe where prayer plays a role (1 Chronicles 5:20). Just like Jabez, the Gadites are also heard. In a joint war of the tribes on the east side of the Jordan against the Hagrites they cry out to God. By this they overcome, and not by their defensibility and practice in war (1 Chronicles 5:18). This war was not waged for their own benefit, but for God, it was a “war of God” (1 Chronicles 5:22). Although that was the case, they had to fight themselves. Their crying to God is mentioned and shows that God remembers the moments when these tribes also showed their dependence on Him.

Verses 23-26

Descendants of the Half-Tribe of Manasseh

The half-tribe of Manasseh answers the blessing of God, which has been shown by a great number of descendants, with unfaithfulness to Him. Their unfaithfulness also has consequences for the other two tribes – who certainly also did not remain faithful, but that is not mentioned here – because they are taken away together with the half-tribe of Manasseh by the king of Assyria. The deportation is mentioned several times in this chapter (1 Chronicles 5:6; 1 Chronicles 5:221 Chronicles 5:26).

Bibliographical Information
de Koning, Ger. Commentaar op 1 Chronicles 5". "Kingcomments on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/kng/1-chronicles-5.html. 'Stichting Titus' / 'Stichting Uitgeverij Daniël', Zwolle, Nederland. 2021.
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