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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Chronicles 5

Introduction

Overview

1 Chronicles 5:1, Judah and Joseph preferred before Reuben, who forfeited his birthright; 1 Chronicles 5:3, Ruben’s descendants; some of whom vanquish the Hagarites; 1 Chronicles 5:11, The chief men of Gad, and their habitations; 1 Chronicles 5:18, Ruben, Gad, and half of Manasseh, obtain a victory over the Hagarites; 1 Chronicles 5:23, The habitations and chief men of that half of Manasseh; 1 Chronicles 5:25, The captivity of the two tribes and half, for their sins.

Verse 1

am 2294, etc. bc 1710, etc

he was: 1 Chronicles 2:1, Genesis 29:32, Genesis 46:8, Genesis 49:3, Exodus 6:14, Numbers 1:5, Numbers 16:1, Numbers 26:5

forasmuch: Genesis 35:22, Genesis 49:4, Leviticus 18:8, Leviticus 20:11, Deuteronomy 27:20, 1 Corinthians 5:1

birthright: 1 Chronicles 26:10, Genesis 48:15-22, Deuteronomy 21:17, Colossians 1:15

and: Genesis 25:23, 1 Samuel 16:6-11

reckoned: Joshua 14:6

Reciprocal: Genesis 48:5 - Reuben Numbers 1:20 - General Numbers 2:10 - camp of Reuben Deuteronomy 33:17 - the firstling Joshua 14:4 - the children 1 Chronicles 6:28 - firstborn 1 Chronicles 12:37 - the other side 2 Chronicles 11:22 - made Abijah Ezekiel 22:10 - discovered Ezekiel 47:13 - Joseph Matthew 1:2 - Jacob begat

Verse 2

Judah: Genesis 35:23, Genesis 49:8-10, Numbers 2:3, Numbers 7:12, Joshua 14:6, Judges 1:2, Psalms 60:7, Psalms 108:8, Micah 5:2, Matthew 2:6, Hebrews 7:14, Revelation 5:5

the chief ruler: or, the prince, By the chief ruler is meant first David, and after him the Messiah, agreeably to the celebrated prophecy of Jacob - Genesis 49:10. The Syriac calls him "Christ the king," and the Arabic, "Messiah the king." 1 Samuel 16:1, 1 Samuel 16:10, 1 Samuel 16:12, 2 Samuel 8:15, Psalms 78:68-71, Jeremiah 23:5, Jeremiah 23:6, Micah 5:2, Matthew 2:6, Hebrews 7:14

birthright was: Genesis 49:26, Romans 8:29

Reciprocal: Genesis 27:29 - be lord Genesis 29:35 - called Genesis 46:12 - Judah Genesis 48:5 - Reuben Genesis 48:22 - given Numbers 1:26 - General Numbers 16:1 - sons of Reuben Numbers 26:22 - General Deuteronomy 21:16 - General Deuteronomy 21:17 - by giving Joshua 14:4 - the children 1 Chronicles 26:10 - his father 1 Chronicles 28:4 - chosen Judah 2 Chronicles 11:22 - made Abijah Matthew 1:2 - Jacob begat

Verse 3

sons: Genesis 46:9, Exodus 6:14, Numbers 26:5-9

Hanoch: Genesis 25:4

Pallu: Genesis 46:9, Phallu, Numbers 26:5

Hezron: Genesis 46:9

Carmi: 1 Chronicles 4:1

Reciprocal: Genesis 49:3 - my firstborn

Verse 4

Joel: 1 Samuel 8:2

Shemaiah: 1 Chronicles 9:16

Gog: i.e. to cover; surmount; top; roof; extension; mountain, [Strong's H1463], 1 Chronicles 5:4, Ezekiel 38:2, Ezekiel 38:3, Ezekiel 38:14, Ezekiel 38:16, Ezekiel 38:18, Ezekiel 39:1, Ezekiel 39:11, Ezekiel 39:15

Gog 1. A Rubenite 1 Chronicles 5:4, 2. Prince of the land of Magog Ezekiel 38:2, Ezekiel 38:3, Ezekiel 38:14, Ezekiel 38:16, Ezekiel 38:18, Ezekiel 39:1, Ezekiel 39:11, 3. Also of the Rossi, Moschi, and Tibareni, who is to come with great forces from the extreme north Ezekiel 38:15, Ezekiel 39:2, After the exile, to invade the holy land, and to perish there. Ezekiel 38:8, Ezekiel 38:12, Gog and Magog, Revelation 20:8, belong to a different time to those spoken of in Ezekiel.

Shimei: 2 Samuel 16:5

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 5:8 - Azaz

Verse 6

Beerah: i.e. a well, [Strong's H880], After their separation from the house of David, the ten tribes continued to have princes of the tribes, till the time that Tiglath-pileser carried them captive; at which time Beerah, who according to the Targum was the same as Baruch, was their prince.

Tilgathpilneser: 1 Chronicles 5:26, 2 Kings 15:29, 2 Kings 16:7, Tiglath-pileser

Reubenites: Numbers 26:7

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 5:22 - until the captivity

Verse 7

when the genealogy: 1 Chronicles 5:17

Verse 8

Bela: Genesis 14:2

Azaz: i.e. the strong one, [Strong's H5811], Shema. Joshua 15:26, or, Shemaiah, 1 Chronicles 5:4

Aroer: Numbers 32:34, Deuteronomy 2:36, Joshua 13:15-21, Isaiah 17:2

Nebo: Numbers 32:3, The city of Nebo was doubtless situated on or near the celebrated mountain of the same name, east of Jordan. Numbers 32:38, Deuteronomy 32:49, Deuteronomy 34:1, Isaiah 15:2

Baalmeon: Numbers 32:38, Joshua 13:17, Ezekiel 25:9

Reciprocal: Jeremiah 48:19 - Aroer

Verse 9

unto the entering: That is, unto the borders of Arabia Deserta, which extends to the Euphrates.

Euphrates: 1 Chronicles 18:3, Genesis 2:14, 2 Kings 24:7

because: Joshua 22:8, Joshua 22:9

Gilead: 1 Chronicles 5:16, 1 Chronicles 26:31, Genesis 31:23, Joshua 22:9, 1 Kings 17:1

Reciprocal: Genesis 15:18 - Euphrates Deuteronomy 1:7 - the great Joshua 1:4 - From the wilderness

Verse 10

am 2944, bc 1060

the Hagarites: i.e. fugitives, 1 Chronicles 5:19, 1 Chronicles 5:20, Genesis 21:9, Genesis 25:12, 2 Samuel 24:6, Psalms 83:6, Hagarenes, [Strong's H1905], 1 Chronicles 5:10, 1 Chronicles 5:19, 1 Chronicles 5:20, Psalms 83:6, Also, 1 Chronicles 11:38, Haggeri, 1 Chronicles 27:31

throughout: etc. Heb. upon all the face of the East

Verse 11

the children: The Gadites and the half tribe of Manasseh are joined to the genealogy of Reuben, because they inhabited the same country, and formed a sort of separate colony east of Jordan.

Gad: Genesis 30:11, in the land Bashan, Numbers 21:33, Numbers 32:34-36, Deuteronomy 3:10-17, Joshua 12:4, Joshua 13:11, Joshua 13:24-28, Psalms 22:12

Salcah: Joshua 13:11

Reciprocal: Genesis 46:16 - sons of Genesis 49:19 - General 1 Chronicles 5:12 - Bashan 1 Chronicles 5:16 - Bashan

Verse 12

Joel: 1 Samuel 8:2

Shapham: i.e. bald, [Strong's H8223]

Jaanai: i.e. responsive, [Strong's H3285], Shaphat. 1 Chronicles 3:22

Bashan: 1 Chronicles 5:11, Numbers 21:33

Verse 13

This verse is wanting both in the Syriac and Arabic.

Michael: Daniel 12:1

Meshullam: 1 Chronicles 9:12

Sheba: 1 Kings 10:1

Jorai: i.e. rainy, [Strong's H3140]

Jachan: i.e. afflicted, [Strong's H3275]

Zia: i.e. trembling; smelling, [Strong's H2127], Heber. Genesis 46:17

Verse 14

Abihail: Numbers 3:35

Huri: i.e. nobleman, [Strong's H2359]

Jaroah: i.e. making a sweet odor, [Strong's H3386]. Gilead. Genesis 31:23

Michael: Daniel 12:1

Jeshishai: i.e. aged, [Strong's H3454]

Jahdo: i.e. together, [Strong's H3163]

Buz: Genesis 22:21

Verse 15

Ahi: i.e. brotherly, [Strong's H277], 1 Chronicles 5:15, 1 Chronicles 7:34

Ahi 1. Son of Abdiel 1 Chronicles 5:15, 2. Son of Shamer 1 Chronicles 7:34, Abdiel: i.e. servant of God, [Strong's H5661], Guni. Genesis 46:24

Verse 16

Gilead: Genesis 31:23

Bashan: 1 Chronicles 5:11

Sharon: 1 Chronicles 27:29, Song of Solomon 2:1, Isaiah 35:2

their borders: Heb. goings forth

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 5:9 - Gilead Acts 9:35 - Saron

Verse 17

reckoned by genealogies: 1 Chronicles 5:7

Jotham: Judges 9:5, 2 Kings 15:5, 2 Kings 15:32, 2 Chronicles 27:1

Jeroboam: 1 Kings 11:26, 2 Kings 14:16, 2 Kings 14:23, 2 Kings 14:28

Verse 18

Reuben: 1 Chronicles 12:37, Genesis 29:32, 2 Kings 10:33

Gadites: Deuteronomy 3:12

Manasseh: Genesis 41:51

valiant men: Heb. sons of valour, 1 Samuel 18:17, *marg. 2 Samuel 2:7, *marg.

to shoot: 1 Chronicles 8:40, 2 Chronicles 14:8, Psalms 7:13

four and forty: Joshua 4:12, Joshua 4:13

that went: Numbers 1:3

Reciprocal: Numbers 32:33 - half the Deuteronomy 33:20 - he dwelleth

Verse 19

made war: 1 Chronicles 5:10

the Hagarites: The Hagarites, and these other tribes, were descendants of Hagar, and dwelt, according to Strabo, in Arabia Deserta.

Nephish: 1 Chronicles 1:31, Genesis 25:15,* Naphish:

Reciprocal: Judges 6:33 - children Psalms 83:6 - Hagarenes

Verse 20

And they: 1 Chronicles 5:22, Exodus 17:11, Joshua 10:14, Joshua 10:42, 1 Samuel 7:12, 1 Samuel 19:15, Psalms 46:1, Psalms 146:5, Psalms 146:6

for they cried: 1 Kings 8:44, 1 Kings 8:45, 2 Chronicles 13:14, 2 Chronicles 13:15, 2 Chronicles 14:11-13, 2 Chronicles 18:31, 2 Chronicles 20:12, 2 Chronicles 32:20, 2 Chronicles 32:21

in the battle: 1 Kings 22:32, 2 Chronicles 13:13, 2 Chronicles 13:14, 2 Chronicles 14:10, 2 Chronicles 14:11, 2 Chronicles 18:31

because: Psalms 9:10, Psalms 20:7, Psalms 20:8, Psalms 22:4, Psalms 22:5, Psalms 84:11, Psalms 84:12, Jeremiah 17:7, Jeremiah 17:8, Nahum 1:7, Ephesians 1:12

Reciprocal: Genesis 25:21 - and the 1 Chronicles 5:10 - the Hagarites 2 Chronicles 13:18 - relied 2 Chronicles 16:7 - relied on 2 Chronicles 26:7 - God helped 2 Chronicles 33:13 - he was entreated Ezra 8:23 - and he was entreated Psalms 33:20 - he is Psalms 37:40 - because Psalms 71:1 - do I Psalms 83:6 - Hagarenes Psalms 125:1 - that trust Proverbs 16:20 - whoso Proverbs 29:25 - whoso Isaiah 26:3 - because Isaiah 30:15 - in returning Isaiah 36:7 - We trust Isaiah 50:10 - let Jeremiah 39:18 - because Jeremiah 49:29 - camels Lamentations 3:24 - therefore Daniel 3:28 - that trusted Daniel 6:23 - because

Verse 21

took away: Heb. led captive

camels: The camel, in Hebrew gamal, retained with little variation in all languages, is, according to the Linnean system, a genus of quadrapeds of the order pecora; comprehending the camel, properly so called, with two prominences; the dromedary, with a single one; the lama, or Peruvian camel, with the back even and the breast gibbose, and the pacos, or camel without any gibbosity. The camel, properly so called, is about 6+ feet in height: its head is small; ears short; neck long, slender, and bending; legs long and slender, having four callosities on the fore legs and two on the hinder, on which it rests; feet soft, parted, but not thoroughly divided; bottom of the foot tough and pliant; tail about two feet in length, terminating in a tuft; and hair fine, soft, of considerable length, and of a dusky reddish colour. Besides the same internal structure as other ruminating animals, it is furnished with an additional bag for containing a quantity of water till wanted.

men: Heb. souls of men, Numbers 31:35, Ezekiel 27:13, Revelation 18:13, souls, Heb. nephesh, Genesis 12:5

Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 14:15 - carried away Jeremiah 49:29 - camels

Verse 22

the war was of God: Exodus 14:14, Joshua 23:10, Judges 3:2, 2 Chronicles 32:8, Nehemiah 4:20, Psalms 24:8, Proverbs 22:3, Zechariah 14:3, Luke 14:31, Luke 14:32, Luke 22:36, Romans 8:31

they dwelt: Numbers 32:33

steads: 1 Chronicles 4:41

until the captivity: 1 Chronicles 5:6, 1 Chronicles 5:26, 2 Kings 15:29, 2 Kings 17:6

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 5:20 - And they 2 Chronicles 20:24 - they were dead

Verse 23

Baalhermon: Joshua 13:29-31

Hermon: Joshua 13:11, Psalms 133:3, Song of Solomon 4:8

Reciprocal: Genesis 46:20 - Manasseh Deuteronomy 3:9 - Shenir Deuteronomy 3:13 - the rest

Verse 24

famous men: Heb. men of names, 1 Chronicles 4:38

Reciprocal: Exodus 6:14 - the heads Numbers 16:2 - famous 1 Chronicles 12:21 - mighty men

Verse 25

and went: Judges 2:17, Judges 8:33, 2 Kings 17:7-18, Hosea 1:2, Hosea 9:1, Revelation 17:5

a whoring: Exodus 34:15, Judges 8:27, 2 Kings 17:7, 2 Chronicles 21:11, 2 Chronicles 21:13

after the gods: Judges 2:12, 2 Chronicles 25:14, 2 Chronicles 25:15, Psalms 106:34-39

Reciprocal: Numbers 32:19 - we will 2 Kings 15:19 - Pul Hosea 1:4 - will cause

Verse 26

stirred up: 2 Samuel 24:1, 2 Chronicles 33:11, Ezra 1:5, Isaiah 10:5, Isaiah 10:6, Isaiah 13:2-5

Pul: 2 Kings 15:19, Tiglath pileser

and brought them: 2 Kings 17:6, 2 Kings 18:11, 2 Kings 19:12, Isaiah 37:12

Reciprocal: Genesis 49:19 - General Numbers 32:19 - we will 1 Kings 11:14 - the Lord 2 Kings 15:29 - Tiglathpileser 2 Kings 16:7 - Tiglathpileser 2 Kings 19:17 - the kings 1 Chronicles 5:6 - Tilgathpilneser 1 Chronicles 5:22 - until the captivity 2 Chronicles 28:20 - Tilgathpilneser 2 Chronicles 30:6 - escaped 2 Chronicles 36:22 - the Lord stirred Isaiah 9:1 - afterward Isaiah 10:13 - I have removed Isaiah 37:18 - the kings Jeremiah 51:11 - the Lord hath Ezekiel 23:9 - General Hosea 1:4 - will cause Hosea 8:10 - for Obadiah 1:19 - Benjamin Haggai 1:14 - stirred

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 5". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/1-chronicles-5.html.