Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

1 Chronicles 5

Introduction

1Judah and Joseph preferred before Reuben, who forfeited his birthright.
3Ruben's descendants; some of whom vanquish the Hagarites.
11The chief men of Gad, and their habitations.
18Ruben, Gad, and half of Manasseh, obtain a victory over the Hagarites.
23The habitations and chief men of that half of Manasseh.
25The captivity of the two tribes and half, for their sins.

Verse 1

Now the sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel, (for he was the firstborn; but, forasmuch as he defiled his father's bed, his birthright was given unto the sons of Joseph the son of Israel: and the genealogy is not to be reckoned after the birthright.
A. M. 2294, etc. B.C. 1710, etc. he was
2:1; Genesis 29:32; 46:8; 49:3; Exodus 6:14; Numbers 1:5; 16:1; 26:5
forasmuch
Genesis 35:22; 49:4; Leviticus 18:8; 20:11; Deuteronomy 27:20; 1 Corinthians 5:1
birthright
26:10; Genesis 48:15-22; Deuteronomy 21:17; Colossians 1:15
and
Genesis 25:23; 1 Samuel 16:6-11
reckoned
Joshua 14:6
Reciprocal: Genesis 48:5 - Reuben;  Numbers 1:20 - GeneralNumbers 2:10 - camp of Reuben;  Deuteronomy 33:17 - the firstling;  Joshua 14:4 - the children;  1 Chronicles 6:28 - firstborn;  1 Chronicles 12:37 - the other side;  2 Chronicles 11:22 - made Abijah;  Ezekiel 22:10 - discovered;  Ezekiel 47:13 - Joseph;  Matthew 1:2 - Jacob begat

Verse 2

For Judah prevailed above his brethren, and of him came the chief ruler; but the birthright was Joseph's:)
Judah
Genesis 35:23; 49:8-10; Numbers 2:3; 7:12; Joshua 14:6; Judges 1:2; Psalms 60:7; 108:8; Micah 5:2; Matthew 2:6; Hebrews 7:14; Revelation 5:5
the chief ruler
or, the prince. By the chief ruler is meant first David, and after him the Messiah, agreeably to the celebrated prophecy of Jacob (Ge 49:10). The Syriac calls him "Christ the king," and the Arabic, "Messiah the king."
1 Samuel 16:1,10,12; 2 Samuel 8:15; Psalms 78:68-71; Jeremiah 23:5,6; Micah 5:2; Matthew 2:6; Hebrews 7:14
birthright was
Genesis 49:26; Romans 8:29
Reciprocal: Genesis 27:29 - be lord;  Genesis 29:35 - called;  Genesis 46:12 - Judah;  Genesis 48:5 - Reuben;  Genesis 48:22 - given;  Numbers 1:26 - GeneralNumbers 16:1 - sons of Reuben;  Numbers 26:22 - GeneralDeuteronomy 21:16 - GeneralDeuteronomy 21:17 - by giving;  Joshua 14:4 - the children;  1 Chronicles 26:10 - his father;  1 Chronicles 28:4 - chosen Judah;  2 Chronicles 11:22 - made Abijah;  Matthew 1:2 - Jacob begat

Verse 3

The sons, I say, of Reuben the firstborn of Israel were, Hanoch, and Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi.
sons
Genesis 46:9; Exodus 6:14; Numbers 26:5-9
Pallu
Genesis 46:9
Phallu
Reciprocal: Genesis 49:3 - my firstborn

Verse 4

Joel: 1 Samuel 8:2

Shemaiah: 1 Chronicles 9:16

Gog: i.e. to cover; surmount; top; roof; extension; mountain, [Strong‘s H1463], 1 Chronicles 5:4; Ezekiel 38:2, Ezekiel 38:3, Ezekiel 38:14, Ezekiel 38:16, Ezekiel 38:18, Ezekiel 39:1, Ezekiel 39:11, Ezekiel 39:15

d Gog

d

d Personal CharacteristicsReferences

d

d 1.A Rubenite 1 Chronicles 5:4

d

d 2.Prince of the land of Magog Ezekiel 38:2, Ezekiel 38:3, Ezekiel 38:14, Ezekiel 38:16, Ezekiel 38:18, Ezekiel 39:1, Ezekiel 39:11

d

d 3.Also of the Rossi, Moschi, and Tibareni, who is to come with great forces from the extreme north Ezekiel 38:15; Ezekiel 39:2

d

d After the exile, to invade the holy land, and to perish there. Ezekiel 38:8, Ezekiel 38:12

d

d Gog and Magog, Revelation 20:8, belong to a different time to those spoken of in Ezekiel.

Shimei: 2Samuel href="/desk/?q=2sa+16:5&sr=1">2 Samuel 16:5

Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 5:8 - Azaz

Verse 6

Beerah his son, whom Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria carried away captive: he was prince of the Reubenites.
Beerah
Tilgath-pilneser
26; 2 Kings 15:29; 16:7
Tiglath-pileser
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 5:22 - until the captivity

Verse 7

And his brethren by their families, when the genealogy of their generations was reckoned, were the chief, Jeiel, and Zechariah,
when the genealogy

Verse 8

And Bela the son of Azaz, the son of Shema, the son of Joel, who dwelt in Aroer, even unto Nebo and Baalmeon:
Shema
5:4
Shemaiah
Aroer.
Numbers 32:34,; Isaiah 17:2
Nebo
The city of Nebo was doubtless situated on or near the Celebrated mountain of the dsame name, east of Jordan.
Numbers 32:38; Deuteronomy 32:49; 34:1; Isaiah 15:2
Baal-meon
Joshua 13:17; Ezekiel 25:9
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 48:19 - Aroer

Verse 9

And eastward he inhabited unto the entering in of the wilderness from the river Euphrates: because their cattle were multiplied in the land of Gilead.
unto the entering
That is, unto the borders of Arabia Deserta, which extends to the Euphrates.
because
Joshua 22:8,9
Reciprocal: Genesis 15:18 - Euphrates;  Deuteronomy 1:7 - the great;  Joshua 1:4 - From the wilderness

Verse 10

And in the days of Saul they made war with the Hagarites, who fell by their hand: and they dwelt in their tents throughout all the east land of Gilead.
A. M. 2944. B.C. 1060
the Hagarites
19,20; Genesis 21:9; 25:12; Psalms 83:6
throughout, etc
Heb. upon all the face of the East.

Verse 11

And the children of Gad dwelt over against them, in the land of Bashan unto Salchah:
the children
The Gadites and the half tribe of Manasseh are joined to the genealogy of Reuben, because they inhabited the same country, and formed a sort of separate colony east of Jordan.
in the land
Numbers 32:34-36; Deuteronomy 3:10-17; Joshua 13:11,24-28
Reciprocal: Genesis 46:16 - sons of;  Genesis 49:19 - General1 Chronicles 5:12 - Bashan;  1 Chronicles 5:16 - Bashan

Verse 12

Joel: 1 Samuel 8:2

Shapham: i.e. bald, [Strong‘s H8223]

Jaanai: i.e. responsive, [Strong‘s H3285], Shaphat. 1 Chronicles 3:22

Bashan: 1 Chronicles 5:11; Numbers href="/desk/?q=nu+21:33&sr=1">Numbers 21:33

Verse 13

This verse is wanting both in the Syriac and Arabic.

Michael: Daniel 12:1

Meshullam: 1 Chronicles 9:12

Sheba: 1 Kings 10:1

Jorai: i.e. rainy, [Strong‘s H3140]

Jachan: i.e. afflicted, [Strong‘s H3275]

Zia: i.e. trembling; smelling, [Strong‘s H2127], Heber. Genesis href="/desk/?q=ge+46:17&sr=1">Genesis 46:17

Verse 14

Abihail: Numbers 3:35

Huri: i.e. nobleman, [Strong‘s H2359]

Jaroah: i.e. making a sweet odor, [Strong‘s H3386]. Gilead. Genesis 31:23

Michael: Daniel 12:1

Jeshishai: i.e. aged, [Strong‘s H3454]

Jahdo: i.e. together, [Strong‘s H3163]

Buz: Genesis href="/desk/?q=ge+22:21&sr=1">Genesis 22:21

Verse 15

Ahi: i.e. brotherly, [Strong‘s H277], 1 Chronicles 5:15, 1 Chronicles 7:34

d Ahi

d

d Personal CharacteristicsReferences

d

d 1.Son of Abdiel 1 Chronicles 5:15

d

d 2.Son of Shamer 1 Chronicles 7:34

d

d Abdiel: i.e. servant of God, [Strong‘s H5661], Guni. Genesis href="/desk/?q=ge+46:24&sr=1">Genesis 46:24

Verse 16

And they dwelt in Gilead in Bashan, and in her towns, and in all the suburbs of Sharon, upon their borders.
Sharon
27:29; Song of Solomon 2:1; Isaiah 35:2
borders
Heb. goings forth.
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 5:9 - Gilead;  Acts 9:35 - Saron

Verse 17

All these were reckoned by genealogies in the days of Jotham king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam king of Israel.
Jotham
2 Kings 15:5,32; 2 Chronicles 27:1
Jeroboam
2 Kings 14:16,23,28

Verse 18

The sons of Reuben, and the Gadites, and half the tribe of Manasseh, of valiant men, men able to bear buckler and sword, and to shoot with bow, and skilful in war, were four and forty thousand seven hundred and threescore, that went out to the war.
valiant men
Heb. sons of valour.
four and forty
Joshua 4:12,13
Reciprocal: Numbers 32:33 - half the;  Deuteronomy 33:20 - he dwelleth

Verse 19

And they made war with the Hagarites, with Jetur, and Nephish, and Nodab.
made war
the Hagarites
The Hagarites, and these other tribes, were descendants of Hagar, and dwelt, according to Strabo, in Arabia Deserta.
Nephish
1:31; Genesis 25:15
Reciprocal: Judges 6:33 - children;  Psalm 83:6 - Hagarenes

Verse 20

And they were helped against them, and the Hagarites were delivered into their hand, and all that were with them: for they cried to God in the battle, and he was intreated of them; because they put their trust in him.
And they
22; Exodus 17:11; Joshua 10:14,42; 1 Samuel 7:12; 19:15; Psalms 46:1; 146:5,6
for they cried
1 Kings 8:44,45; 2 Chronicles 13:14,15; 14:11-13; 18:31; 20:12; 32:20,21
in the battle
1 Kings 22:32; 2 Chronicles 13:13,14; 14:10,11; 18:31
because
Psalms 9:10; 20:7,8; 22:4,5; 84:11,12; Jeremiah 17:7,8; Nahum 1:7; Ephesians 1:12
Reciprocal: Genesis 25:21 - and the;  1 Chronicles 5:10 - the Hagarites;  2 Chronicles 13:18 - relied;  2 Chronicles 16:7 - relied on;  2 Chronicles 26:7 - God helped;  2 Chronicles 33:13 - he was entreated;  Ezra 8:23 - and he was entreated;  Psalm 33:20 - he is;  Psalm 37:40 - because;  Psalm 71:1 - do I;  Psalm 83:6 - Hagarenes;  Psalm 125:1 - that trust;  Proverbs 16:20 - whoso;  Proverbs 29:25 - whoso;  Isaiah 26:3 - because;  Isaiah 30:15 - in returning;  Isaiah 36:7 - We trust;  Isaiah 50:10 - let;  Jeremiah 39:18 - because;  Jeremiah 49:29 - camels;  Lamentations 3:24 - therefore;  Daniel 3:28 - that trusted;  Daniel 6:23 - because

Verse 21

And they took away their cattle; of their camels fifty thousand, and of sheep two hundred and fifty thousand, and of asses two thousand, and of men an hundred thousand.
took away
Heb. led captive. camels. The camel, in Hebrew gamal, retained with little variation in all languages, is, according to the Linnæan system, a genus of quadrapeds of the order pecora; comprehending the camel, properly so called, with two prominences; the dromedary, with a single one; the lama, or Peruvian camel, with the back even and the breast gibbose, and the pacos, or camel without any gibbosity. The camel, properly so called, is about 6® feet in height: its head is small; ears short; neck long, slender, and bending; legs long and slender, having four callosities on the fore legs and two on the hinder, on which it rests; feet soft, parted, but not thoroughly divided; bottom of the foot tough and pliant; tail about two feet in length, terminating in a tuft; and hair fine, soft, of considerable length, and of a dusky reddish colour. Besides the same internal structure as other ruminating animals, it is furnished with an additional bag for containing a quantity of water till wanted.
men
Heb. souls of men.
Numbers 31:35; Revelation 18:13
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 14:15 - carried away;  Jeremiah 49:29 - camels

Verse 22

For there fell down many slain, because the war was of God. And they dwelt in their steads until the captivity.
the war
Joshua 23:10; 2 Chronicles 32:8; Romans 8:31
until the captivity
6:26; 2 Kings 15:29; 17:6
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 5:20 - And they;  2 Chronicles 20:24 - they were dead

Verse 23

And the children of the half tribe of Manasseh dwelt in the land: they increased from Bashan unto Baalhermon and Senir, and unto mount Hermon.
Baal-hermon
Joshua 13:29-31
Hermon
Deuteronomy 3:8,9; Joshua 13:11; Psalms 133:3; Song of Solomon 4:8
Reciprocal: Genesis 46:20 - Manasseh;  Deuteronomy 3:9 - Shenir;  Deuteronomy 3:13 - the rest

Verse 24

And these were the heads of the house of their fathers, even Epher, and Ishi, and Eliel, and Azriel, and Jeremiah, and Hodaviah, and Jahdiel, mighty men of valour, famous men, and heads of the house of their fathers.
famous men
Heb. men of names
4:38
Reciprocal: Exodus 6:14 - the heads;  Numbers 16:2 - famous;  1 Chronicles 12:21 - mighty men

Verse 25

And they transgressed against the God of their fathers, and went a whoring after the gods of the people of the land, whom God destroyed before them.
went
Judges 2:17; 8:33; 2 Kings 17:7-18; Hosea 1:2; 9:1; Revelation 17:5
after the gods
Judges 2:12; 2 Chronicles 25:14,15; Psalms 106:34-39
Reciprocal: Numbers 32:19 - we will;  2 Kings 15:19 - Pul;  Hosea 1:4 - will cause

Verse 26

And the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgathpilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, even the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, and brought them unto Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river Gozan, unto this day.
stirred up
2 Samuel 24:1; 2 Chronicles 33:11; Ezra 1:5; Isaiah 10:5,6; 13:2-5
Pul
2 Kings 15:19
Tiglath pilneser
6; 2 Kings 15:29; 16:7
Tiglath-pileser
and brought them.
2 Kings 17:6; 18:11; 19:12; Isaiah 37:12 Reciprocal: Genesis 49:19 - GeneralNumbers 32:19 - we will;  1 Kings 11:14 - the Lord;  2 Kings 15:29 - Tiglathpileser;  2 Kings 16:7 - Tiglathpileser;  2 Kings 19:17 - the kings;  1 Chronicles 5:6 - Tilgathpilneser;  1 Chronicles 5:22 - until the captivity;  2 Chronicles 28:20 - Tilgathpilneser;  2 Chronicles 30:6 - escaped;  2 Chronicles 36:22 - the Lord stirred;  Isaiah 9:1 - afterward;  Isaiah 10:13 - I have removed;  Isaiah 37:18 - the kings;  Jeremiah 51:11 - the Lord hath;  Ezekiel 23:9 - GeneralHosea 1:4 - will cause;  Hosea 8:10 - for;  Obadiah 1:19 - Benjamin;  Haggai 1:14 - stirred

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Chronicles 5". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/1-chronicles-5.html.