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Bible Commentaries

Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament

Hebrews 3

1:1 formerly (g-11) Or 'of old.'

Verse 1

3:1 partakers (c-4) Here metochos , who have been made, called to be, partakers of it. They had been koinonoi of Israel's rights. See ch. 2.14.

Verse 2

3:2 house. (d-16) See Numbers 12:7 .

Verse 5

3:5 his (e-8) That is, God's house, in which Moses was faithful as a ministering servant. The contrast is with 'Moses as a servant in,' and 'Christ as a Son over.' The Father is not brought in as such at all, but the Son is over the house as Son. The connection with its being God's house is evident, because he (Christ) has built the house, ver. 3, and he who built all things is God; but he is over it as Son.

Verse 6

3:6 his (e-6) That is, God's house, in which Moses was faithful as a ministering servant. The contrast is with 'Moses as a servant in,' and 'Christ as a Son over.' The Father is not brought in as such at all, but the Son is over the house as Son. The connection with its being God's house is evident, because he (Christ) has built the house, ver. 3, and he who built all things is God; but he is over it as Son.

Verse 7

3:7 Spirit, (f-7) See Psalms 95:7-11 .

Verse 9

3:9 where (g-1) Some translate 'wherewith,' that is, 'with which temptation.'

Verse 11

3:11 rest. (h-13) A Hebraism involving a strong negative. Compare Numbers 14:23 ; Mark 8:12 .

Verse 14

3:14 companions (i-5) Metochos , as ch. 1.9 (quoting Psalms 45:7 ), to which it alludes. It is not 'partakers of Christ.'

Verse 15

3:15 provocation; (k-21) I have no doubt, in spite of objections, that 16-19 is a parenthesis.

Verse 16

3:16 not (l-12) Or 'was it not indeed.'

Verse 17

3:17 carcases (a-18) Lit. 'limbs.' often used for a carcase. Some suppose the idea of the body falling to pieces.

Verse 18

3:18 word? (b-23) Apeitheo . see Note e, John 3:36 . 'Who had not hearkened to the word' is, I apprehend, the true force here. It is taken from the LXX, Numbers 14:43 and Deuteronomy 1:26 , which refer to the occasion on which God declared their carcases should fall in the wilderness.

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Bibliographical Information
Darby, John. "Commentary on Hebrews 3". "John Darby's Synopsis of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/dsn/hebrews-3.html. 1857-67.