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The argument now passed to the second claim of superiority, that over all human leaders. He is first seen as superior to Moses and Joshua. He is "the Apostle" completely fulfilling the function represented by the work of these two; He is also 'High Priest," thus realizing everything suggested in the position of Aaron.
The position of Moses was that of a servant in the house of God. His faithfulness was shown in that he made all things according to the pattern. The spiritual house of God consists of the "holy brethren" and the “partakers" of the divine calling, and over them Christ is the Head.
Then follows a second solemn exhortation and warning. The readers are reminded by another quotation from their Scriptures of what had happened in the wilderness. The heart was hardened by unbelief, and therefore they were shut out from rest. In view of this example these readers are warned against the peril of being "hardened by the deceitfulness of sin."
The argument of warning returned to the first illustration, and shows how many who came out of Egypt never entered the promised land. This was because they had sinned. The sin is described as disobedience, the disobedience of unbelief. If, then, because of unbelief in the servant Moses, men were excluded from rest, how much more will that be so in the case of those who are disobedient to the Son.
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Morgan, G. Campbell. "Commentary on Hebrews 3". "Morgan's Exposition on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 8 / Ordinary 13