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Bible Commentaries

Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation
Revelation 10

 

 

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Verse 1

Revelation 10:1

Revelation 10:1 And I saw another mighty angel come down from heaven, clothed with a cloud: and a rainbow was upon his head, and his face was as it were the sun, and his feet as pillars of fire:

This

mighty Angel

is the Lord Jesus Christ

clothed with a cloud;

Christ is often so described in the Prophets, and in the Psalm. {Read Exodus 14:20; Exodus 16:10; Exodus 19:9; Psalm 78:14; Psalm 104:3; Isaiah 19:1; Ezekiel 1:4; Ezekiel 10:3-4}

And a rainbow was upon his head:

whereby is signified the dignity and faithfulness of Christ mediatorship. (See Revelation 4:3. Read Ezekiel 1:28) The rainbow was (and is for ever) a sign of God's covenant, { Genesis 9:4}

And his face was as it were the sun.

Christ is called the Son of Righteousness. { Malachi 4:2} God gives his saints the light of the knowledge of his glory in the face of Jesus Christ. { 2 Corinthians 4:6}

And his feet as pillars of fire.

See KNOLLYS: Revelation 1:15 whereby it appears to be Christ.


Verse 2

Revelation 10:2

Revelation 10:2 And he had in his hand a little book open: and he set his right foot upon the sea, and his left foot on the earth,

John saw Jesus take the sealed book out of his Father's hand, and he opened the seals thereof: And now John saw

a little book

in the hand of Jesus Christ

open:

It is called a little book because it contains but a part of the revealed will of God. It is said to be in the hand of Christ, to show us, first, that he will preserve and safe keep the Holy Scripture, and every book thereof, in his own hand by his Almighty Power. As the saints are in Christ's hand, and none can pull them out of his hand, { John 10:28} so the Scriptures of Truth are in Christ's hand, and none can pull them out of His hand. Secondly, that Christ will keep an open door for the Gospel, when the temple worship and public ordinances will be shut up, { Revelation 10:9-11; Acts 8:1-4} by persecuting the Church of God.

And he set his right foot upon the sea, and his left foot on the earth

Whereby is signified Christ's sovereignty over all both at land and at sea. Christ hath the Supremacy and the Preeminency over and above all. { Colossians 1:18} He is the only Potentate, the King of kings, and Lord of lords. { 1 Timothy 6:15} All power in heaven and earth is given unto our Lord Jesus Christ, { Matthew 28:18} and Christ (in his time) will take unto him his great power and reign. { Revelation 11:17}


Verse 3

Revelation 10:3

Revelation 10:3-4 And cried with a loud voice, as when a lion roareth: and when he had cried, seven thunders uttered their voices4And when the seven thunders had uttered their voices, I was about to write: and I heard a voice from heaven saying unto me, Seal up those things which the seven thunders uttered, and write them not.

The voice of Christ, (the Lion of the tribe of Judah) when he is angry, is like the roaring of a lion. { Isaiah 31:4} So shall the Lord of Hosts come down to fight for Mount Sion, and for the hill thereof.

Seven thunders uttered their voices:

That Isaiah , their prophecies of Gods righteous judgments, which are often called thunders. { Isaiah 29:6; Revelation 11:19; Revelation 19:6}

And when the seven thunders had uttered their voices, I was about to write

John heard and understood the voices of the seven thunders, and was about to write their prophecies unto the seven churches in Asia, as Christ had commanded him. { Revelation 1:11-19} But he

heard a voice from Heaven;

that is the voice of Christ,

saying unto him, Seal up those things which the seven thunders uttered, and write them not

Sealing up, signifies, to keep them secretly and safely until the time that God will have them revealed and performed.


Verse 5

Revelation 10:5

Revelation 10:5-7 And the angel which I saw stand upon the sea and upon the earth lifted up his hand to heaven, 6 And sware by him that liveth for ever and ever, who created heaven, and the things that therein are, and the earth, and the things that therein are, and the sea, and the things which are therein, that there should be time no longer: 7 But in the days of the voice of the seventh angel, when he shall begin to sound, the mystery of God should be finished, as he hath declared to his servants the prophets.

These three verses contain the oath of Christ, for the confirmation of the truth and certainty of what He Himself spake and witnessed unto his servant John. Hebrews 6:13-17 God willing to show the immutability of his counsel, confirmed it by an oath. Whence we may observe, first, that an oath is a sacred and solemn adoration and invocation of the only true living God. Secondly, that it is lawful in some cases or matters to swear by Almighty God. Thirdly, that the most usual gesture of them that sware was by lifting up their hands towards heaven, Genesis 14:22; Daniel 12:7 and our Lord Jesus Christ (as Man and Mediator between God and men) 1 Timothy 2:5 here lifted up his hand to Heaven.

And sware by him that liveth forever and ever

that Isaiah , the eternal JEHOVAH. { Isaiah 65:16; Jeremiah 4:1-2}

The matter of Christ's oath here was, that there should be time no longer; that Isaiah , for the beast, the great whore, and the false prophet; and those kings of the earth, (that give their kingdom, power and strength unto the beast) to reign, rule and exercise dominion after the seventh trumpet begin to sound, ( Revelation 11:15 compared with 1 Corinthians 15:24-25). And this7th verse. { Revelation 10:7}

But in the days of the voice of the Seventh Angel when he shall begin to sound, the mystery of God should be finished.

By the mystery of God here, we may understand the conversion of the Jews unto Jesus Christ. { Romans 11:25-27} Also the building and restoring of the church of God unto its primitive purity of worship and ordinances, according to the institutions of our Lord Jesus Christ, who is the Head of the Church, { Ephesians 5:25-32}

As he hath declared to his servants the prophets,

{ Song of Solomon 6:10; Revelation 12:1-2; Revelation 21:1-6}


Verse 8

Revelation 10:8

Revelation 10:8-10 And the voice which I heard from heaven spake unto me again, and said, Go and take the little book which is open in the hand of the angel which standeth upon the sea and upon the earth9 And I went unto the angel, and said unto him, Give me the little book. And he said unto me, Take it, and eat it up; and it shall make thy belly bitter, but it shall be in thy mouth sweet as honey10 And I took the little book out of the angel's hand, and ate it up; and it was in my mouth sweet as honey: and as soon as I had eaten it, my belly was bitter.

The eating up of this

little book

doth signify Christ's instruction unto his servant John what he should prophesy. As the Lord instructed his prophet Ezekiel what he should prophesy, by bidding him eat up the roll which was written within and without. { Ezekiel 2:9-10; Ezekiel 3:1-14} Christ told John the double effect of his eating up this little book. First, it would be sweet as honey in his mouth; that Isaiah , in preaching of it. Secondly, it would be bitter in his belly

as soon as he had eaten it;

that Isaiah , it would occasion bitterness, sorrow, and persecution, after his testimony was witnessed by preaching and publishing thereof. And so it proved, { Revelation 10:9-10}

And I went unto the Angel, and said unto him, Give me the little book. And he said unto me, Take it, and eat it up; and it shall make thy belly bitter, but it shall be in thy mouth sweet as honey. And I took the little book out of the Angels hand, and eat it up, etc.

The preaching of the word is sweet, though persecution be bitter.


Verse 11

Revelation 10:11

Revelation 10:11. And he said unto me, Thou must prophesy again before many peoples, and nations, and tongues, and kings.

The end of the Apostles eating up the little book, was to revive the work of the ministry and administrations of the Gospel; after great persecution, silencing, imprisoning and mystically killing the ministers and witnesses of Christ; and scattering and dispersing the churches of saints. Whereby we may understand, first, that the time will come shortly, when the Apostles' Doctrine, the pure worship of God, and the most useful gifts of the Holy Spirit for the church's edification, will be restored by our Lord Jesus Christ. Secondly, that Christ's prophetical witnesses will shortly be revived by the Spirit of Life, that shall enter into them. Revelation 11:11 And they shall bear their testimony against the beast, the great Roman whore, and the false prophet before many peoples, and nations, and tongues, and kings, to convert them to Christ, and to make them obedient unto the gospel, as Romans 16:25-26.

 


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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Knollys, Hanserd. "Commentary on Revelation 10:4". "Hanserd Knollys' Commentary on Revelation". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hkc/revelation-10.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, December 15th, 2019
the Third Week of Advent
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