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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Daniel 10



1Daniel, having humbled himself, sees a vision.
10Being troubled with fear, he is comforted by the angel.

Verse 1
In the third year of Cyrus king of Persia a thing was revealed unto Daniel, whose name was called Belteshazzar; and the thing was true, but the time appointed was long: and he understood the thing, and had understanding of the vision.
A. M. 3470. B.C. 534. Cyrus
1:21; 6:28; 2 Chronicles 36:22,23; Ezra 1:1,2,7,8; 3:7; 4:3,5; 5:13-17; 6:3,14; Isaiah 44:28; 45:1
1:7; 4:8; 5:12
and the
8:26; 11:2; Genesis 41:32; Luke 1:20; Revelation 19:9
14; 12:4,9
Heb. great. and he.
1:17; 2:21; 5:17; 8:16; 9:22,23

Verse 2
In those days I Daniel was mourning three full weeks.
I Daniel
Ezra 9:4,5; Nehemiah 1:4; Psalms 42:9; 43:2; 137:1-5; Isaiah 66:10; Jeremiah 9:1; Matthew 9:15; Romans 9:2; James 4:9; Revelation 11:5
full weeks
Heb. weeks of days.

Verse 3
I ate no pleasant bread, neither came flesh nor wine in my mouth, neither did I anoint myself at all, till three whole weeks were fulfilled.
I ate
6:18; Isaiah 24:6-11; 1 Corinthians 9:27
pleasant bread
Heb. bread of desires.
11:8; Job 33:20; Amos 5:11; Nahum 2:9; *margins
neither did
2 Samuel 19:24; Matthew 6:17

Verse 4
And in the four and twentieth day of the first month, as I was by the side of the great river, which is Hiddekel;
8:2; Ezekiel 1:3
Genesis 2:14

Verse 5
Then I lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and behold a certain man clothed in linen, whose loins were girded with fine gold of Uphaz:
and behold
12:6,7; Joshua 5:13; Zechariah 1:8; Revelation 1:13-15
a certain man
Heb. one man. clothed.
12:6,7; Ezekiel 9:2
Isaiah 11:5; Ephesians 6:14; Revelation 1:13-15; 15:6,7
Jeremiah 10:9

Verse 6
His body also was like the beryl, and his face as the appearance of lightning, and his eyes as lamps of fire, and his arms and his feet like in colour to polished brass, and the voice of his words like the voice of a multitude.
like the beryl
Exodus 28:20; Ezekiel 1:16; 10:9; Revelation 21:20
his face
Ezekiel 1:14; Matthew 17:2; Luke 9:29; Revelation 1:13-17; 19:12
his arms
Ezekiel 1:7; Revelation 1:15; 10:1
like the voice
Ezekiel 1:24; Revelation 10:3,4

Verse 7
And I Daniel alone saw the vision: for the men that were with me saw not the vision; but a great quaking fell upon them, so that they fled to hide themselves.
2 Kings 6:17; Acts 9:7; 22:9
Ezekiel 12:18; Hebrews 12:21
Genesis 3:10; Isaiah 2:10; Jeremiah 23:24

Verse 8
Therefore I was left alone, and saw this great vision, and there remained no strength in me: for my comeliness was turned in me into corruption, and I retained no strength.
I was
Genesis 32:24; Exodus 3:3; John 16:32; 2 Corinthians 12:2,3
and there
7:28; 8:7,27; Habakkuk 3:16; Matthew 17:6; Mark 9:6; Revelation 1:17
or, vigour. turned.
Genesis 32:25,31; 2 Corinthians 12:7

Verse 9
Yet heard I the voice of his words: and when I heard the voice of his words, then was I in a deep sleep on my face, and my face toward the ground.
was I
8:18; Genesis 2:21; 15:12; Job 4:13; 33:15; Song of Solomon 5:2; Luke 9:32; 22:45

Verse 10
And, behold, an hand touched me, which set me upon my knees and upon the palms of my hands.
an hand
16,18; 8:18; 9:21; Jeremiah 1:9; Revelation 1:17
Heb. moved.

Verse 11
And he said unto me, O Daniel, a man greatly beloved, understand the words that I speak unto thee, and stand upright: for unto thee am I now sent. And when he had spoken this word unto me, I stood trembling.
a man
9:23; John 13:23; 21:20
greatly beloved
Heb. of desires.
3; Psalms 45:11; Song of Solomon 7:10
8:16,17; 9:22,23
Heb. upon thy standing.
Acts 26:16
I stood
Job 4:14-16; 37:1; Mark 16:8; Acts 9:6

Verse 12
Then said he unto me, Fear not, Daniel: for from the first day that thou didst set thine heart to understand, and to chasten thyself before thy God, thy words were heard, and I am come for thy words.
Fear not
19; Isaiah 35:4; 41:10,14; Matthew 28:5,10; Mark 16:6; Luke 1:13,30; 2:10; 24:38; Acts 18:9,10; 27:24; Revelation 1:17
Daniel, as Bp. Newton observes, was now very far advanced in years; for the third year of Cyrus was the 73rd of his captivity; and being a youth when carried captive, he cannot be supposed to have been less than ninety. Old as he was, "he set his heart to understand," the former revelations which had been made to him, and particularly the vision of the ram and he-goat, as may be collected from the sequel; and for this purpose he prayed and fasted three weeks. His fasting and prayers had the desired effect, for and angel was sent to unfold to him those mysteries; and whoever would excel in divine knowledge, must imitate Daniel, and habituate himself to study, temperance, and devotion.
2,3; 9:3,4,20-23; Isaiah 58:9; 65:24; Acts 10:4,30,31
Leviticus 16:29,31; Numbers 29:7; Psalms 69:10
and I
11; 9:20-22; Acts 10:3-5,30,31

Verse 13
But the prince of the kingdom of Persia withstood me one and twenty days: but, lo, Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me; and I remained there with the kings of Persia.
the prince
20; Ezra 4:4-6,24; Zechariah 3:1,2; Ephesians 6:12; 1 Thessalonians 2:18
21; 12:1; Jude 1:9; Revelation 12:7
or, the first.
Colossians 2:10; 1 Peter 3:22

Verse 14
Now I am come to make thee understand what shall befall thy people in the latter days: for yet the vision is for many days.
in the
2:28; Genesis 49:1; Deuteronomy 4:30; 31:21; Isaiah 2:2; Hosea 3:5; Micah 4:1; 2 Timothy 3:1
the vision
1; 8:26; 12:4,9; Habakkuk 2:3; Hebrews 2:3

Verse 15
And when he had spoken such words unto me, I set my face toward the ground, and I became dumb.
I set
9; 8:18; Ezekiel 24:27; 33:22; Luke 1:20

Verse 16
And, behold, one like the similitude of the sons of men touched my lips: then I opened my mouth, and spake, and said unto him that stood before me, O my lord, by the vision my sorrows are turned upon me, and I have retained no strength.
5,6,18; 8:15; 9:21; Ezekiel 1:26; Philippians 2:7,8; Revelation 1:13
10; Isaiah 6:7; Jeremiah 1:9; Ezekiel 3:27; 33:22; Luke 1:64; 21:15
my Lord
17; 12:8; Exodus 4:10,13; Joshua 5:14; Judges 6:13,15; 13:8; John 20:28
my sorrows
8,9; 7:15,28; 8:17,27; Ecclesiastes 1:18

Verse 17
For how can the servant of this my lord talk with this my lord? for as for me, straightway there remained no strength in me, neither is there breath left in me.
the servant of this my lord
or, this servant of my lord.
Matthew 22:43,44; Mark 12:36
Genesis 32:20; Exodus 24:10,11; 33:20; Judges 6:22; 13:21-23; Isaiah 6:1-5; John 1:18

Verse 18
Then there came again and touched me one like the appearance of a man, and he strengthened me,
10,16; 8:18
1 Samuel 23:15; Job 16:5; 23:6; Isaiah 35:3,4; Luke 22:32,43; Acts 18:23; 2 Corinthians 12:9,10; Ephesians 3:16; Philippians 4:13; Colossians 1:11

Verse 19
And said, O man greatly beloved, fear not: peace be unto thee, be strong, yea, be strong. And when he had spoken unto me, I was strengthened, and said, Let my lord speak; for thou hast strengthened me.
O man
11; 9:23; John 11:3,5,36; 15:9-14; 19:26; 21:20
fear not
12; Judges 6:23; Isaiah 41:10,14; 43:1,2; Luke 24:36-38; John 14:27; 16:33; Revelation 1:17
be strong
Joshua 1:6,7,9; Isaiah 35:4; Haggai 2:4; Zechariah 8:9,13; 1 Corinthians 16:13; Ephesians 6:10; 2 Timothy 2:1
1 Samuel 3:9,10
thou hast
18; Psalms 138:3; 2 Corinthians 12:9

Verse 20
Then said he, Knowest thou wherefore I come unto thee? and now will I return to fight with the prince of Persia: and when I am gone forth, lo, the prince of Grecia shall come.
to fight
13; Isaiah 37:36; Acts 12:23
the prince of Grecia
7:6; 8:5-8,21; 11:2-4

Verse 21
But I will shew thee that which is noted in the scripture of truth: and there is none that holdeth with me in these things, but Michael your prince.
I will
8:26; 11:1-12; Isaiah 41:22,23; 43:8,9; Amos 3:7; Acts 15:15,18
Heb. strengtheneth himself. Michael.
13; 9:25; 12:1; Jude 1:9; Revelation 12:7


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Daniel 10:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, November 30th, 2020
the First Week of Advent
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