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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Psalms 35

 

 

Introduction
1David prays for his own safety, and his enemies confusion.
11He complains of their wrongful dealing.
22Thereby he incites God against them.

Verse 1
Plead my cause, O LORD, with them that strive with me: fight against them that fight against me.
A. M. 2942. B.C. 1062. Plead
43:1; 119:154; 1 Samuel 24:15; Proverbs 22:23; 23:11; Jeremiah 51:36; Lamentations 3:58; Micah 7:9
fight
Exodus 14:25; Joshua 10:42; Nehemiah 4:20; Acts 5:39; 23:9

Verse 2
Take hold of shield and buckler, and stand up for mine help.
7:12,13; Exodus 15:3; Deuteronomy 32:41,42; Isaiah 13:5; 42:13

Verse 3
Draw out also the spear, and stop the way against them that persecute me: say unto my soul, I am thy salvation.
stop
27:2; 76:10; 1 Samuel 23:26,27; Job 1:10; Isaiah 8:9,10; 10:12; Acts 4:28
say
51:12; 62:7; 91:16; Genesis 49:18; Isaiah 12:2; Luke 2:30

Verse 4
Let them be confounded and put to shame that seek after my soul: let them be turned back and brought to confusion that devise my hurt.
confounded
26; 31:17,18; 40:14,15; 70:2,3; 71:24
that
38:12; 1 Samuel 23:23; 1 Kings 19:10; Ezekiel 13:19; Matthew 27:1
turned
129:5; Isaiah 37:29; Jeremiah 46:5; John 18:6

Verse 5
Let them be as chaff before the wind: and let the angel of the LORD chase them.
as chaff
1:4; 83:13-17; Job 21:18; Isaiah 17:13; 29:5; Hosea 13:3
and
Exodus 14:19; Isaiah 37:36; Acts 12:23; Hebrews 11:28

Verse 6
Let their way be dark and slippery: and let the angel of the LORD persecute them.
their
73:18; Proverbs 4:19; Jeremiah 13:16; 23:12
dark and slippery
Heb. darkness and slipperiness.

Verse 7
For without cause have they hid for me their net in a pit, which without cause they have digged for my soul.
without
7:3-5; 25:3; 64:4; John 15:25
hid
9:15; 119:85; 140:5; Job 18:8

Verse 8
Let destruction come upon him at unawares; and let his net that he hath hid catch himself: into that very destruction let him fall.
Let destruction
All the verbs in these verses, (ver. 4-8,) in the original, are in the future tense, as a prediction, and should probably be so rendered; though as that tense is frequently used in Hebrew for the imperative, most translators, both ancient and modern, have considered them as an imprecation.
64:7; 73:18-20; Proverbs 29:1; Luke 21:34; 1 Thessalonians 5:3
at unawares
Heb. which he knoweth not of. net.
7:15,16; 57:6; 141:9,10; Proverbs 5:22
into
1 Samuel 18:17; 31:2-4; 2 Samuel 17:2-4,23; 18:14,15; Esther 7:10; Matthew 27:3-5

Verse 9
And my soul shall be joyful in the LORD: it shall rejoice in his salvation.
13:5; 21:1; 33:21; 48:11; 58:10,11; 68:1-3; 1 Samuel 2:1; Isaiah 61:10; Habakkuk 3:18; Luke 1:46,47; Galatians 5:22; Philippians 3:1-3

Verse 10
All my bones shall say, LORD, who is like unto thee, which deliverest the poor from him that is too strong for him, yea, the poor and the needy from him that spoileth him?
All
22:14; 32:3; 34:20; 38:3; 51:8; 102:3; Job 33:19-25
who
71:19; 86:8; 89:6-8; Exodus 15:11; Isaiah 40:18,25; Jeremiah 10:7
which
10:14; 22:24; 34:6; 69:33; 102:17-20; 109:31; 140:12; Job 5:15,16; Proverbs 22:22,23
too
18:17

Verse 11
False witnesses did rise up; they laid to my charge things that I knew not.
False witnesses
Heb. Witnesses of wrong.
27:12; 1 Samuel 24:9; 25:10; Matthew 26:59,60; Acts 6:13; 24:5,6,12,13
laid, etc
Heb. asked me.

Verse 12
They rewarded me evil for good to the spoiling of my soul.
They
38:20; 109:3-5; 1 Samuel 19:4,5,15; 22:13,14; Proverbs 17:13; Jeremiah 18:20; John 10:32
spoiling
Heb. depriving.
1 Samuel 20:31-33; Luke 23:21-23
my soul
Or, "my life," as the word nephesh frequently denotes.

Verse 13
But as for me, when they were sick, my clothing was sackcloth: I humbled my soul with fasting; and my prayer returned into mine own bosom.
when
69:10,11; Job 30:25; Matthew 5:44; Romans 12:14,15
humbled
or, afflicted.
Leviticus 16:29,31; 1 Kings 21:27-29; Isaiah 58:3,5; Matthew 9:14,15
my prayer
Matthew 10:13; Luke 10:6

Verse 14
I behaved myself as though he had been my friend or brother: I bowed down heavily, as one that mourneth for his mother.
I behaved, etc
Heb. I walked as a friend, as brother to me. I bowed.
2 Samuel 1:11,12,17-27; Luke 19:41,42
as one
Or, "as a mourning mother," käavel aim.
Genesis 24:67

Verse 15
But in mine adversity they rejoiced, and gathered themselves together: yea, the abjects gathered themselves together against me, and I knew it not; they did tear me, and ceased not:
in mine
25,26; 41:8; 71:10,11; Job 31:29; Proverbs 17:5; 24:17,18
adversity
Heb. halting.
38:17; Jeremiah 20:10; 1 Corinthians 13:6
the abjects
22:16; 69:12; Job 30:1-12; Matthew 27:27-30,39-44; Mark 14:65; Acts 17:5
I knew
8; *marg:
they
7:2; 57:4; Job 16:9

Verse 16
With hypocritical mockers in feasts, they gnashed upon me with their teeth.
hypocritical
1 Samuel 20:24-42; Isaiah 1:14,15; John 18:28; 1 Corinthians 5:8
gnashed
37:12; Job 16:9; Lamentations 2:16; Acts 7:54

Verse 17
Lord, how long wilt thou look on? rescue my soul from their destructions, my darling from the lions.
how
6:3; 13:1,2; 74:9,10; 89:46; 94:3,4
look
10:14; Habakkuk 1:13
rescue
22:20,21; 57:4; 69:14,15; 142:6,7
darling
Heb. only one.

Verse 18
I will give thee thanks in the great congregation: I will praise thee among much people.
give
22:22-25,31; 40:9,10; 69:30-34; 111:1; 116:14,18; Hebrews 2:12
praise
67:1-4; 117:1,2; 138:4,5; Romans 15:9
much
Heb. strong.
Isaiah 25:3

Verse 19
Let not them that are mine enemies wrongfully rejoice over me: neither let them wink with the eye that hate me without a cause.
Let
15; 13:4; 25:2; 38:16; John 16:20-22; Revelation 11:7-10
wrongfully
Heb. falsely.
38:19
wink
Job 15:12; Proverbs 6:13; 10:10
that hate
69:4; 109:3; 119:161; 1 Samuel 24:11,12; Lamentations 3:52; John 15:25

Verse 20
For they speak not peace: but they devise deceitful matters against them that are quiet in the land.
For
120:5-7
but
31:13; 36:3,4; 38:12; 52:2; 64:4-6; 140:2-5; Jeremiah 11:19; Daniel 6:5; Matthew 26:4; Acts 23:15; 25:3
quiet
Matthew 12:19,24; 1 Peter 2:22,23

Verse 21
Yea, they opened their mouth wide against me, and said, Aha, aha, our eye hath seen it.
Yea
22:13; Isaiah 9:12; Luke 11:53,54
Aha
40:15; 54:7; 70:3

Verse 22
This thou hast seen, O LORD: keep not silence: O Lord, be not far from me.
This
Exodus 3:7; Acts 7:34
keep
28:1; 39:12; 50:21; 83:1
be
10:1; 22:11,19; 38:21; 71:12; Isaiah 65:6

Verse 23
Stir up thyself, and awake to my judgment, even unto my cause, my God and my Lord.
Stir
7:6; 44:23; 80:2; Isaiah 51:9
my God
89:26; 142:5; John 20:28

Verse 24
Judge me, O LORD my God, according to thy righteousness; and let them not rejoice over me.
Judge
7:8; 18:20-24; 26:1; 43:1; 2 Thessalonians 1:6; 1 Peter 2:22
and let
19; Job 20:5

Verse 25
Let them not say in their hearts, Ah, so would we have it: let them not say, We have swallowed him up.
say
27:12; 28:3; 70:3; 74:8; Job 1:5; Mark 2:6,8
Ah
Heb. Ah, Ah, our soul. so.
140:8; Exodus 15:9; Matthew 27:43
We have
56:1,2; 57:3; 124:3; 2 Samuel 20:19; Lamentations 2:16; 1 Corinthians 15:54

Verse 26
Let them be ashamed and brought to confusion together that rejoice at mine hurt: let them be clothed with shame and dishonour that magnify themselves against me.
ashamed
4; 40:14,15; 71:13; 129:5; 132:18; Isaiah 41:11; 65:13-15
clothed
109:28,29; 132:18; Job 8:22; 1 Peter 5:5
magnify
38:16; 55:12; Job 19:5; Jeremiah 48:26; Daniel 11:36

Verse 27
Let them shout for joy, and be glad, that favour my righteous cause: yea, let them say continually, Let the LORD be magnified, which hath pleasure in the prosperity of his servant.
shout
40:16; 68:3; 132:9,16; 142:7; Isaiah 66:10,11; John 16:22; Romans 12:15; 1 Corinthians 12:26
righteous cause
Heb. righteousness.
Proverbs 8:18
say
70:4
which
149:4; Jeremiah 32:40,41; Zephaniah 3:14,17

Verse 28
And my tongue shall speak of thy righteousness and of thy praise all the day long.
34:1; 50:15; 51:14,15; 71:24; 104:33,34; 145:1,2,5,21

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 35:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-35.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, September 18th, 2019
the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
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