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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Psalms 44

 

 

Introduction
1The church, in memory of former favours,
7complains of her present evils.
17Professing her integrity,
24she fervently prays for succour.

Verse 1
We have heard with our ears, O God, our fathers have told us, what work thou didst in their days, in the times of old.
A. M. 3294. B.C. 710. (Title.) for the sons
42:1; *title
have heard
22:31; 71:18; 78:3-6; 105:1,2; Exodus 12:24-27; 13:14,15; Isaiah 38:19; Joel 1:3
in the times
Numbers 21:14-16,27-30; Job 8:8,9; 15:17-19

Verse 2
How thou didst drive out the heathen with thy hand, and plantedst them; how thou didst afflict the people, and cast them out.
drive out
78:55; 80:8; 105:44; 135:10-12; 136:17-22; Exodus 15:17,19; 34:11; Deuteronomy 7:1; Joshua 10:42; 11:23; 21:43; Nehemiah 9:22-27
how thou didst afflict, etc
Or, rather, "how thou didst afflict the peoples (of Canaan,) and madest them (the Hebrews) to shoot forth;" for shalach is to send forth in any manner, and is applied to a vine spreading its roots, etc. Ps 89:9; Eze 17:6; Jer 17:8; and this sense is parallel with plantedst in the former line.
Exodus 23:28; Numbers 13:32; Joshua 10:11; 24:12; 1 Samuel 5:6,7

Verse 3
For they got not the land in possession by their own sword, neither did their own arm save them: but thy right hand, and thine arm, and the light of thy countenance, because thou hadst a favour unto them.
For
Deuteronomy 4:37,38; 8:17,18; Joshua 24:12; Zechariah 4:6; 2 Corinthians 4:7
thy right
17:7; 20:6; 74:11; Exodus 15:16; Isaiah 63:12
light
42:5,11; 80:16
because
Numbers 14:8; Deuteronomy 7:7,8; 1 Samuel 12:22; Malachi 1:2,3; Romans 9:10-15

Verse 4
Thou art my King, O God: command deliverances for Jacob.
my king
74:12; 89:18; 149:2; Isaiah 33:22
command
42:8; Mark 1:25,26,31,41; 9:25

Verse 5
Through thee will we push down our enemies: through thy name will we tread them under that rise up against us.
Through thee
18:39-42; 118:10-13; Isaiah 41:14-16; Philippians 4:13
push
Deuteronomy 33:17; 1 Kings 22:11; Daniel 8:4
tread
60:12; 91:13; 108:13; Zechariah 10:5; Romans 16:20; *marg:

Verse 6
For I will not trust in my bow, neither shall my sword save me.
20:7; 33:16,17; Hosea 1:7

Verse 7
But thou hast saved us from our enemies, and hast put them to shame that hated us.
But
140:7; 144:10; Joshua 1:5; 10:8-10,42; 11:6; 23:9,10; Judges 2:18; 7:4-7; 1 Samuel 7:8-12; 14:6-10; 17:47; 2 Samuel 7:10
put them
40:14; 83:1-18; 132:18

Verse 8
In God we boast all the day long, and praise thy name for ever. Selah.
In God
34:2; Isaiah 45:25; Jeremiah 9:24; Romans 2:17; 1 Corinthians 1:29-31
praise
115:1-18

Verse 9
But thou hast cast off, and put us to shame; and goest not forth with our armies.
43:2; 60:1,10; 74:1; 80:12,13; 88:14; 89:38-45; 108:11; Jeremiah 33:24-26; Lamentations 3:31; 3:32; Romans 11:1-6

Verse 10
Thou makest us to turn back from the enemy: and they which hate us spoil for themselves.
Thou
Leviticus 26:14,17,36,37; Deuteronomy 28:25; Joshua 7:8,12; 1 Samuel 4:17; 31:1-7
spoil
89:41; Isaiah 10:6,14; Jeremiah 15:13; 20:8

Verse 11
Thou hast given us like sheep appointed for meat; and hast scattered us among the heathen.
given
Jeremiah 12:3; Romans 8:36
like sheep appointed for meat
Heb. as sheep of meat.
14:4
scattered
60:1; Deuteronomy 4:27; 28:64; 2 Kings 17:6; Isaiah 11:11,12; Jeremiah 32:37; Ezekiel 34:12; Luke 21:24

Verse 12
Thou sellest thy people for nought, and dost not increase thy wealth by their price.
sellest
Deuteronomy 32:30; Isaiah 50:1; 52:3,4; Jeremiah 15:13
for nought
Heb. without riches. increase.
Nehemiah 5:8-12; Revelation 18:13

Verse 13
Thou makest us a reproach to our neighbours, a scorn and a derision to them that are round about us.
makest
79:4; 80:6; 89:51; Jeremiah 24:9; Ezekiel 36:19-23
scorn
123:3,4; Jeremiah 48:27

Verse 14
Thou makest us a byword among the heathen, a shaking of the head among the people.
by-word
Deuteronomy 28:37; 1 Kings 9:7; 2 Chronicles 7:20; Jeremiah 24:9
shaking
22:7; 2 Kings 19:21; Job 16:4; Isaiah 37:22; Lamentations 2:15-17

Verse 15
My confusion is continually before me, and the shame of my face hath covered me,
confusion
Joshua 7:7-9; Ezra 9:6; Jeremiah 3:25
covered
69:7; 71:13; 89:45; Jeremiah 51:51

Verse 16
For the voice of him that reproacheth and blasphemeth; by reason of the enemy and avenger.
For the
74:18,22,23; 79:12; Isaiah 37:3,4,17,23,24
enemy
8:2

Verse 17
All this is come upon us; yet have we not forgotten thee, neither have we dealt falsely in thy covenant.
All this
Daniel 9:13
yet
20; 9:17; Deuteronomy 6:12; 8:14; Isaiah 17:10; Jeremiah 2:32
dealt
Jeremiah 31:32; Ezekiel 16:59; 20:37

Verse 18
Our heart is not turned back, neither have our steps declined from thy way;
heart
78:57; 125:5; 1 Kings 15:5; Job 34:27; Jeremiah 11:10; Zephaniah 1:6; Luke 17:32
have
119:51,157; Job 23:11,12; 1 Corinthians 15:58; 1 Thessalonians 2:10
steps
or, goings.

Verse 19
Though thou hast sore broken us in the place of dragons, and covered us with the shadow of death.
Though
38:8; 60:1-3; Jeremiah 14:17
in the
74:13,14; Isaiah 27:1; 34:13,14; 35:7; Ezekiel 29:3; Revelation 12:9; 13:2,11-13; Revelation 16:10
with the
23:4; Job 3:5; 10:21,22; Matthew 4:16

Verse 20
If we have forgotten the name of our God, or stretched out our hands to a strange god;
If we
17; 7:3-5; Job 31:5-40
stretched
68:31; Exodus 9:29; 1 Kings 8:22; Job 11:13

Verse 21
Shall not God search this out? for he knoweth the secrets of the heart.
Shall
139:1-24; Job 31:4,14; 34:21,22; Jeremiah 17:10; 23:24
knoweth
Joshua 22:22,23; Ecclesiastes 12:14; Romans 2:16; 1 Corinthians 4:5; Hebrews 4:12,13; Revelation 2:23

Verse 22
Yea, for thy sake are we killed all the day long; we are counted as sheep for the slaughter.
Yea
Romans 8:36
killed
11; 79:2,3; 1 Samuel 22:17-19; 1 Kings 19:10; Matthew 5:10-12; John 15:21; John 16:2,3; 1 Corinthians 4:9; 15:30,31; Revelation 11:3-9; 17:6

Verse 23
Awake, why sleepest thou, O Lord? arise, cast us not off for ever.
Awake
7:6; 12:5; 35:23; 59:4,5; 78:65; Isaiah 51:9; Mark 4:38
cast
9; 74:1; 88:14

Verse 24
Wherefore hidest thou thy face, and forgettest our affliction and our oppression?
Wherefore
10:1,11; 13:1; 43:1-4; Deuteronomy 32:20; Job 13:24
forgettest
74:19,23; Exodus 2:23,24; Isaiah 40:27,28; Revelation 6:9,10

Verse 25
For our soul is bowed down to the dust: our belly cleaveth unto the earth.
66:11,12; 119:25; Isaiah 51:23; Lamentations 4:5

Verse 26
Arise for our help, and redeem us for thy mercies' sake.
for our help
Heb. a help for us. redeem.
26:11; 130:7,8

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 44:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-44.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, November 20th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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