Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 7:14

I will be a father to him and he will be a son to Me; when he commits iniquity, I will correct him with the rod of men and the strokes of the sons of men,
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Adoption;   Afflictions and Adversities;   Agency;   Chastisement;   Covenant;   David;   God;   Government;   King;   Nathan;   Quotations and Allusions;   Solomon;   Wicked (People);   Scofield Reference Index - Israel;   Judgments;   The Topic Concordance - Endurance;   Government;   Jesus Christ;   Throne;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Adoption;   Kings;   Reproof;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Nathan;   Temple;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Chastisement;   Covenant;   David;   Family;   Father;   King;   Messiah;   Nathan;   Quotations;   Son of god;   Throne;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Adoption;   Building;   Decrees;   Fatherhood of God;   Israel;   Jesus Christ, Name and Titles of;   Leadership;   Mediator, Mediation;   Messiah;   Psalms, Theology of;   Samuel, First and Second, Theology of;   Easton Bible Dictionary - David;   Father;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - King;   Kings, the Books of;   Midwives;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Abba;   Chasten, Chastisement;   Covenant;   Grace;   Hope;   Messiah;   Samuel, Books of;   Son of God;   Temple of Jerusalem;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Almighty;   Children (Sons) of God;   Covenant;   Immanuel;   Jerusalem;   Nathan;   Samuel, Books of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Father, Fatherhood;   Messiah;   Names and Titles of Christ;   Pre-Eminence ;   Son of God;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Nathan ;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Temple;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - David;   Smith Bible Dictionary - King,;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Prophecy;   Rod;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Accommodation;   Children of God;   Father, God the;   Inspiration;   King;   Mediation;   Messiah;   Nathan (1);   Rod;   Sceptre;   Son of God, the;   Text of the Old Testament;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Ark of the Covenant;   David;   God, Children of;   Son of God;   Son of Man;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

If he commit iniquity - Depart from the holy commandment delivered to him; I will chasten him with the rod of men-he shall have affliction, but his government shall not be utterly subverted. But this has a higher meaning. See the observations at the end, 2 Samuel 7:25; (note).

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:14". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-samuel-7.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

I will be his father … - In marginal reference the equivalent expressions are applied to David. In Hebrews 1:5, this text is applied to Christ. But in 1 Chronicles 17:13; 1 Chronicles 22:9-10; 1 Chronicles 28:6, it is expressly appropriated to Solomon.

With the rod of men … - i. e. such a chastisement as men inflict upon their children, to correct and reclaim them, not to destroy them. The whole clause is omitted in 1 Chronicles 17:13.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:14". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-samuel-7.html. 1870.

The Biblical Illustrator

2 Samuel 7:14.

I will be his Father, and he shall be my son.

Divine relationship

I. Jehovah’s relationship. God has written in His Word, saying, “I will be his Father, and he shall be my son.” Here I commence with a fundamental principle, and that because fundamental principles, in our day, are become almost obsolete; and, in hundreds and thousands of instances, are cast aside. The fundamental principle I mean is the original adoption of His sons. This seems to be the very spirit of the promise of my text, “I will be his Father.” It is not left to after-date to be fixed, but it is accomplished in after-date manifestly, to prove that Jehovah had before ordained that it should be so.

II. The open manifestation of the sonship. “He shall be my son.”

1. “He shall be my son,” manifestly, for the family likeness shall be put upon him. He once bore the image of the earthly; and earthy enough God knows he was, before regeneration work made the change in him. He bore the image of the earthy, the image of the fallen Adam, the image of ruin, the image of the curse. But though he has borne the image of the earthly, he shall bear the image of the heavenly; and this family likeness expresses and exhibits, before all the world, the distinction between the children of God and the children of the world.

2. God’s sons are privileged to wear the family robes. You recollect a passage in the Book of Samuel pointing to this, “With such robes were the king’s daughters that were virgins, apparelled;” and all His sons too.

3. That when Jehovah determines openly to display the character of His sons, it is by affording them the spirit of adoption. The privilege of adoption is one thing, and the spirit of adoption is another. In the privilege of adoption, all that pertains to the family of God is made over to the sons, and secured to them for ever; but in the spirit of adoption, the poor sinner born from above, the poor sinner regenerated by grace Divine, is brought to know his relationship, as the apostle has it. As soon as this spirit of adoption is sent forth into his heart, he cries out, “Father.” “Abba” is the word given--“Father.”

4. Let me add here, the sons of God are very tenacious about the maintaining of truth and holiness; and they are the only persons in the world that are anxious to maintain them. In this sense also they differ from all people, from all nations under heaven.

5. But go on just to mark, that the sons of God, especially as they grow up a little above their boyhood, and begin to be young men in Christ and fathers in Christ, will be very tenacious to understand all the truth, and to hold the truth and nothing but the truth, to compare one truth with another, and to refuse to give up an iota of it, and unfurl a banner with this inscription upon it, “Buy the truth and sell it not.”

III. But there is something in my text that may not be quite so welcome to my hearers, “If he commit iniquity, i will chasten him with the rod of men and with the stripes of the children of men, but my mercy shall not depart away from him.”

1. You know, if the father uses his rod, he holds it tightly in his hand; he does not throw it at the child, and let the chances be as they may be--he holds it firmly in his hand. Now, whatever trials you may pass through, bear in mind two things; there is something wrong, and you should say with Job, “Show me wherefore thou contendest with me?” and then in the next place remember that the rod is in the hand of your Father, and He will not make a sword of it.

2. But there is one other phrase: “My mercy shall not depart away from him.” Hear the record of Divine faithfulness, “My mercy shall not depart away from him.” The verse closes with an awful contrast, which marks the difference between His sons and His enemies; “As I took it from Saul, whom I put away before thee.” But He will never do this with His sons. Why so? because they are in union with Christ. (J. Irons.)

Consciousness of sonship

Correggio stood before a grand painting, enraptured; and as he gazed, grasping the sublime conception, amazed at the wondrous execution and colouring of the picture, exclaimed, “Thank God! I, too, am a painter.” So, when a Christian looks steadily at what it is to be children of our Father, with sublime thrills of joy he can say, “Thank God! I, too, am a child of the Lord God Almighty.” (G. C. Baldwin.)

The confidences of father and son

A young man was taking leave of a well-beloved father, who said to him, “My son, if you are in any trouble or need anything, write to me; you know I am always ready to do all I can for you.” “Yes, I know it, dear father,” said the son, “and will you keep safely for me this box containing the most precious things I own? “After a time the young man became ill, and the expected aid from his father was delayed. A chance acquaintance said, “Your father may have forgotten his promise.” The young man’s eyes flashed as he said with emotion, “My father never failed me yet. I love him and he loves me. I know whom I can trust, and I am as sure of his help as if the money were in my hand! The mail may miscarry, but my father’s promise is sure. Never suggest to me again that my father is not faithful to his promise.” (Weekly Pulpit.)

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Exell, Joseph S. "Commentary on "2 Samuel 7:14". The Biblical Illustrator. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tbi/2-samuel-7.html. 1905-1909. New York.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

I will be his father, and he shall be my son,.... That is, I will be as kind unto him, and careful of him, as a father of a son; or he shall be, and appear to be my son, by adopting grace, as no doubt Solomon was, notwithstanding all his failings. This is applied to Christ, the antitypical Solomon, who was, in an higher sense, the Son of God, even by natural and eternal generation; see Hebrews 1:5,

if he commit iniquity; which cannot be supposed of Christ; for though he was made sin by imputation, he neither knew nor did any, but may be supposed of his spiritual offspring, whom he represented as an head and surety, as of Solomon, who committed many sins and transgressions:

I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men; either with men themselves, as Hadad the Edomite, Rezon the son of Eliadah, and Jeroboam the son of Nebat, by all whom he was afflicted and distressed, after he felt into idolatry, 1 Kings 11:14; or with such rods and stripes as men correct their children with, not to destroy them, but to chastise them for their good; and so the phrases denote humane, kind, gentle, moderate corrections given in love, and which answer some good purposes.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
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Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:14". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-7.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the f rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men:

(f) That is, gently, as fathers use to chastise their children.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:14". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-samuel-7.html. 1599-1645.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men:

His father — I will carry myself towards him as a father, with all affection, and I will own him as my son. This is intended both of Solomon, as a type of Christ; and of Christ himself as is evident from Hebrews 1:5.

If he commit — This agrees only to Solomon and some others of David's posterity; but not to Christ, who never committed iniquity, as Solomon did, who therein was no type of Christ, and therefore this branch is terminated in Solomon; whereas in those things wherein Solomon was a type of Christ, the sense passes through Solomon to Christ.

Rod of men — With such rods as are gentle and moderate, and suited to man's weakness.

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Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:14". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-samuel-7.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 7:14 I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men:

Ver. 14. I will be his father.] Solomon’s, by adoption and regeneration. See 2 Corinthians 6:18. Christ’s, by eternal generation and personal union. [Hebrews 1:5 Psalms 2:7]

If he commit iniquity.] As Solomon did, but Christ could not. One Augustinus de Roma was censured in the Council of Basil for affirming that Christ was the greatest of sinners. It may be he meant that Christ was so by imputation, as Isaiah 53:6, 2 Corinthians 5:20. Otherwise it was blasphemy in the highest degree.

I will chasten him with the rod of men,] i.e., Gently and favourably, as parents do their children; thereby to break their stomachs, but not their bones. I will not lay the weight of my mighty hand upon him, to crush him to pieces, or grind him to powder; I will not scourge him with scorpions, but chasten him with the rods of men, of old, or weak, sickly men - as the Hebrew word signifieth (a) - who cannot strike hard, or do any great hurt with their ictus imbelles, and vanae sine viribus irae.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:14". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-7.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

I will carry myself towards him as becomes a father, with all affection and tenderness, and I will own him its my son. This is intended both of Solomon, as a type of Christ; and of Christ himself, as is evident from Hebrews 1:5.

If he commit iniquity: this agrees only to Solomon and some others of David’s posterity; but not to Christ, who never committed iniquity, as Solomon did, who therein was no type of Christ and therefore this branch is terminated in Solomon; whereas in those things wherein Solomon was a type of Christ, the sense passeth through Solomon unto Christ.

With the rod of men; either, first. With such rods as men use to correct their sons, or to beat other men; which are here opposed to the rods or strokes which an angry God inflicts. See, Job 23:6 Psalms 39:11 Isaiah 47:3 Romans 9:22 Hebrews 10:31 12:29. Or, secondly, With such rods as are gentle and moderate, and suited to man’s weakness; as a tolerable and resistible temptation is called human, or common to men, 1 Corinthians 10:13.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:14". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-7.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

14.I will be his father, and he’ my son — Referred (Hebrews 1:5) immediately to Christ. This was true of Solomon, whom God made greater than all the other kings of Israel and of the earth; but it was true in a deeper sense of Him on whom at Jordan the opened heavens shone, and of whom the Father said, “This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.”

If he commit iniquity — This is supposed only of Solomon and others of the royal seed who should succeed David on the throne. Clarke regards העות as in the Niphal, and translates, “Even in his sufferings for iniquity I will chasten him,” etc., thus making this verse a prophecy of the suffering Saviour. But the Hebrew verb is in the Hiphil form, and in every other passage where it occurs in this form means to commit iniquity or act perversely. This whole prophecy, as far as it refers to the promised seed, was fulfilled primarily in Solomon, and that is, therefore, a strained interpretation which tries to apply it all pre-eminently to Christ.

The rod of men — That rod and those stripes of chastisement which scourge other men when they sin. The king’s son is not to be exempted from the punishments common to all men who act perversely. In this matter God is no respecter of persons. Accordingly, when Solomon forsook the law of the Lord, he was threatened with bitter and humiliating judgments. 1 Kings 11:9-40.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:14". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-7.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Samuel 7:14. I will be his father — I will carry myself toward him as a father, with all affection, and I will own him as my son. This is intended both of Solomon, as a type of Christ, and of Christ himself, as is evident from Hebrews 1:5. If he commit iniquity — This agrees only to Solomon and some others of David’s posterity, but not to Christ, who never committed iniquity, as Solomon did; who therein was no type of Christ, and therefore this branch of the text is terminated in Solomon; whereas, in those things wherein Solomon was a type of Christ, the sense passes through Solomon to Christ. With the rod of men — With such rods as are gentle and moderate, and suited to man’s weakness. This implies that God would punish that seed of David, in whom his kingdom was to be established, with such correction as parents give their children, in case he should fall away and commit iniquity; and not punish him with that exact severity which his sins might deserve, nor entirely cut him and his posterity off from the kingdom, as he had done Saul. And God accordingly performed this for some ages, till the time arrived when it was proper and beneficial to make a change, not only in regard to the family of David, but to the whole Hebrew nation, which was to produce a greater good, not only to them, but to the whole human race, namely, the establishment of Christ’s kingdom. Thus does God work to produce a greater and still greater good to mankind, and gives far better things than he has promised.

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Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:14". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-samuel-7.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Men, who are not to be entirely destroyed, like the Chanaanites. (Calmet) --- This is not unlike the human temptation of which St. Paul speaks, 1 Corinthians x. 13. See Psalm lxxii. 5., and lxxxviii. 33. (Haydock) --- The rod of men denotes war, and stripes signify those punishments which God inflicts. (St. Jerome, Trad.) --- Some parts of this declaration regard Christ; others Solomon, Hebrews i. 5. (Du Hamel)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:14". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-7.html. 1859.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men:

I will be his father, and he shall be my son - i:e., my procedure toward him will be kind, tender, and paternal (cf. Psalms 89:26).

If he commit iniquity, [ '

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:14". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-samuel-7.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(14) If he commit iniquity.—The promise has plainly in view a human successor or successors of David upon his throne; and yet it also promises the establishment of David’s kingdom FOREVER by an emphatic threefold repetition (2 Samuel 7:13; 2 Samuel 7:16), which can only be fulfilled, and has always been understood as to be fulfilled, in the Messiah. There is a similar promise of a prophet, human and yet more than human, in Deuteronomy 18:15-22, and the explanation in both cases is the same. The Divine word looks forward to a long succession of human prophets or heads of the theocracy who should for the time being, and as far as might be, fill the place of the true Prophet and King, all culminating at last in Him who should fully make known the Father’s will and reign over His people, of “whose kingdom there shall be no end.” (Luke 1:32-33).

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:14". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-7.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men:
I will be
1 Chronicles 17:13; 28:6; Psalms 89:20-37; Matthew 3:17; Hebrews 1:5
If he
Psalms 89:30-35
I will
Deuteronomy 8:5; Job 5:17; Psalms 94:12,13; Proverbs 3:11,12; Jeremiah 30:11; 1 Corinthians 11:32; Hebrews 12:5-11; Revelation 3:19
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 21:18 - when they;  2 Samuel 7:15 - But my;  2 Samuel 23:5 - he hath made;  1 Kings 9:6 - if ye;  1 Kings 11:14 - an adversary;  1 Chronicles 18:13 - garrisons;  Psalm 66:20 - GeneralPsalm 89:26 - Thou;  Psalm 89:32 - GeneralProverbs 11:31 - GeneralJeremiah 33:17 - David shall never want;  Ezekiel 21:10 - GeneralHosea 11:4 - of a;  Acts 13:34 - the sure;  Hebrews 12:6 - and scourgeth

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 7:14". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-7.html.