Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

John 18:32

to fulfill the word of Jesus which He spoke, signifying by what kind of death He was about to die.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Jesus, the Christ;   Pilate, Pontius;   Priest;   Prisoners;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Rome;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Persecution;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Blasphemy;   Council;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Archaeology and Biblical Study;   Logos;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Pilate;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Crucifixion;   Foresight;   Fulfilment;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Pilate, Pontius;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

That the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled - Or, thus the word was fulfilled. God permitted the Jews to lose the power of life and death, in the sense before stated, that according to the Roman laws, which punished sedition, etc., with the cross, Christ might be crucified, according to his own prediction: John 12:32, John 3:14.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on John 18:32". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/john-18.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

That the saying of Jesus … - To wit, that he would be delivered into the hands of the Gentiles and be crucified, Matthew 20:19. Neither of these things would have happened if he had been put to death in the way that the Jews first contemplated, Matthew 26:4. Though it should be admitted that they had the power, in religious cases, to do this, yet in such a case it would not have been done, as Jesus predicted, by the Gentiles; and even if it should be admitted that they had the right to take life, yet they had not the right to do it by crucifixion. This was particularly a Roman punishment. And thus it was ordered, in the providence of God, that the prediction of Jesus in both these respects was fulfilled.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on John 18:32". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/john-18.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

That the word of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spake, signifying by what manner of death he should die.

In Matthew's third prophecy of the Passion (Matthew 20:17-19), Jesus had foretold that he would be crucified at the hands of Gentiles. The apostle here called attention to the movement of events toward the accomplishment of that prophecy,

The duplicity of Jesus' accusers is seen in the contrast of their real reason for condemning Jesus and the far different reason they alleged before Pilate. God so ordered the events of the day that their hypocrisy and deceit were fully inscribed upon the pages of sacred history.

The next six verses (John 18:33-38) give the conversation between Jesus and Pilate, which is an invaluable supplement to the synoptic records, clearing up several things which could never have been known without this paragraph.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on John 18:32". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/john-18.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

That the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled,.... That he should be delivered by the Jews to the Gentiles, to crucify him; and that he should be lifted up from the earth, and as the serpent upon the pole:

which he spake, signifying what death he should die; Matthew 20:19 and which was brought about this way, by the providence of God conducting this whole affair; and was cheerfully submitted to by Christ, in great love to his people, to redeem them from the curse of the law, being hereby made a curse for them.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
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Gill, John. "Commentary on John 18:32". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/john-18.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

That the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spake, c signifying what death he should die.

(c) For Christ had foretold that he would be crucified.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on John 18:32". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/john-18.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

might be fulfilled which he spake, signifying what death he should die — that is, by crucifixion (John 12:32, John 12:33; Matthew 20:19); which being a Roman mode of execution, could only be carried into effect by order of the governor. (The Jewish mode in such cases as this was by stoning).

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on John 18:32". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/john-18.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

By what manner of death (ποιωι τανατωιpoiōi thanatōi). Instrumental case of the qualitative interrogative ποιοςpoios in an indirect question, the very idiom used in John 12:32 concerning the Cross and here treated as prophecy (Scripture) with ινα πληρωτηιhina plērōthēi like the saying of Jesus in John 18:9 which see.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on John 18:32". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/john-18.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

By what death ( ποίῳ θανάτῳ )

More correctly, by what manner of death. So Rev. Compare John 12:32; Matthew 20:19. Crucifixion was not a Jewish punishment.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on John 18:32". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/john-18.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

That the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spake, signifying what death he should die.

Signifying what death he should die — For crucifixion was not a Jewish, but a Roman punishment. So that had he not been condemned by the Roman governor, he could not have been crucified. John 3:14.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
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Wesley, John. "Commentary on John 18:32". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/john-18.html. 1765.

The Fourfold Gospel

that the word of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spake1, signifying by what manner of death he should die.

  1. That the word of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spake,
  2. signifying by what manner of death he should die. Jesus had predicted all this in the simple statement in the simple statement that he should die by crucifixion (John 12:33,34), but he also gave the details of his trial (Matthew 20:18,19; Mark 10:33,34).

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website. These files were made available by Mr. Ernie Stefanik. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages.
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J. W. McGarvey and Philip Y. Pendleton. "Commentary on John 18:32". "The Fourfold Gospel". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/john-18.html. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. 1914.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

Да сбудется слово Иисусово. Евангелист добавляет, что этому надлежало свершиться, дабы сбылось слово, реченное Христом: Сын Человеческий будет предан в руки язычников (Мф.20:19). Действительно, если мы хотим с пользою прочесть историю смерти Христовой, важнее всего видеть в ней вечное установление Божие. Сын Божий стоит перед судилищем смертного человека. Если мы думаем, что это происходит по человеческому желанию и не возносим очи ввысь к Богу, наша вера с необходимостью смутится. Но, если мы знаем, что приговор Христу упразднил наш приговор перед Богом, поскольку небесному Отцу было угодно так примирить с Собой человеческий род, то, вознесшись ввысь от одной этой мысли, мы бестрепетно станем хвалиться самим позором Христовым. Итак, научимся же в каждый момент этой истории обращать наш помысел к Богу, автору нашего искупления.

 

 

 

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on John 18:32". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/john-18.html. 1840-57.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

32 That the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spake, signifying what death he should die.

Ver. 32. Signifying what death he should die] This shows that the Jews had power to put to death, but by a providence he was brought to Pilate, that according to the manner of the Romans he might be crucified; that kind of death being not, otherwise, in use among the Jews. Hence our Lord is said to have been crucified at Rome, Revelation 11:8.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on John 18:32". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/john-18.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

John 18:32. Signifying what death he should die. According to the Jewish law, Leviticus 24:16 he would have been stoned, as his servant Stephen afterwards was, having been impiously adjudged by them to have deserved death as a blasphemer. Crucifixion was a Roman punishment.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on John 18:32". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/john-18.html. 1801-1803.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

32.] See Matthew 20:19 alli(247).: ch. John 12:32-33. Had the Jews taken Him and judged Him, He would have been stoned, not crucified. And this whole section, John 18:28-32, serves to shew how the divine purpose was accomplished.

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Alford, Henry. "Commentary on John 18:32". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/john-18.html. 1863-1878.

Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament

John 18:32. The aim ordained in the divine purpose, why the Jews, in consequence of having lost the right of life and death, were obliged to answer “ ἡμῖν οὐκ ἔξεστιν, κ. τ. λ.” Otherwise, Jesus, as a false prophet and blasphemer of God, would have been stoned (like Stephen, and comp. John 8:59, John 10:31), but would not have been visited with the Roman punishment of crucifixion, namely, as one guilty of high treason, as He, with His pretensions as Messiah, could not but appear to be before the Roman courts; and the word of Jesus, John 12:32, would have remained unfulfilled.

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Meyer, Heinrich. "Commentary on John 18:32". Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/john-18.html. 1832.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

John 18:32. εἶπε, He spake) ch. John 12:32-33, “I, if I be lifted up from the earth, will draw all men unto Me. This He said signifying what death He should die.”— ποίῳ, by what kind of) viz. such a death as the Romans were wont to inflict. The Jews would have stoned Him [that being the punishment of blasphemy among them].

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on John 18:32". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/john-18.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Christ had before this time told his disciples that he should die, and that by the death of the cross, as we read, Matthew 20:19. God by his providence ordereth things accordingly, to let us know that the Scripture might be fulfilled to every tittle. Crucifying was no Jewish but a Roman death; had the Jews put him to death, they would have stoned him; but he must remove the curse from us, by being made a curse for us, being hanged on a tree, which was looked upon as an accursed death, Galatians 3:13. The Jews therefore knowing nothing of this counsel of God, yet execute it by refusing themselves to put him to death, and putting it off to Pilate, though possibly their design was but to avoid the odium of it. Thus God maketh the wrath of men to praise him.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on John 18:32". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/john-18.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

сбудется слово Иисусово Иисус сказал, что Он будет «вознесен» и через это умрет (3:14; 8:28; 12:32, 33). Если бы иудеи предали Его смерти, то они бы бросили Его на землю и побили камнями. Но Бог управлял всеми политическими процедурами предопределенным образом, чтобы гарантировать, что, когда, наконец, будет вынесен приговор, Иисус будет распят римлянами, а не побит камнями иудеями, как Стефан (Деян. 7:59). Иудеи, вероятно, предпочли бы эту форму смертной казни, основанную на Втор. 21:23.

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on John 18:32". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/john-18.html.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

The saying of Jesus; crucifixion was a Roman punishment, while the Jewish punishment for the crime of which they accused him was that of stoning. Leviticus 24:11; Leviticus 24:15-16. By taking him to the Roman governor, they fulfilled his own prediction concerning the manner of his death. Matthew 20:19.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on John 18:32". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/john-18.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

32.That’ might be fulfilled—This singular fact of the loss by the Jewish nation of the right of inflicting death, brings about the great result foreseen and accepted in the divine plan, that Jesus should accept death from Gentile hands. Had the Jews inflicted death upon him on their charge of blasphemy, the method would have been by stoning; a death they came near inflicting upon him in a burst of passion, (John 8:58,) and did inflict upon Stephen.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on John 18:32". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/john-18.html. 1874-1909.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

John noted that the Jews" admission that they could not put anyone to death was in harmony with the sovereign plan of God. Jesus had predicted that He would die by crucifixion, not by stoning (cf12:32-33). The Romans were the only ones who could condemn a person to death by crucifixion. The Jews did stone people to death for blasphemy (e.g, Acts 6:11; Acts 7:58), but these seem to have been instances of mob violence rather than independent legal action. They probably wanted Jesus crucified too because the Mosaic Law regarded such a death as proof of God"s curse ( Deuteronomy 21:22-23).

"Ironically, the death that the Jewish hierarchy regarded as a final negation of Jesus" claims became the means of justification apart from the law ( Galatians 3:13)." [Note: Tenney, " John," p175.]

"It was necessary for three reasons for Jesus to be crucified by the Romans at the instigation of the Jews: (a) to fulfill prophecies (e.g, that none of His bones be broken; cf19:36-37); (b) to include both Jews and Gentiles in the collective guilt for the deed (cf. Acts 2:23; Acts 4:27); (c) by crucifixion, Jesus was "lifted up" like "the snake in the desert" 3:14] ..." [Note: Blum, p337.]

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on John 18:32". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/john-18.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

John 18:32. That the word of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spake, signifying by what manner of death he was about to die. The ‘word’ referred to is chap. John 3:14, or still more probably chap. John 12:32. The appeal to Pilate paved the way for the ‘lifting on high’ there spoken of. The Jewish mode of putting to death was stoning. Crucifixion was a Roman punishment, and could be inflicted by the Roman power alone. Hence, accordingly, the fulfilment of that ‘word’ of Jesus by the very persons who seemed to have Him completely in their hands. So far from its being so, they were in His.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on John 18:32". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/john-18.html. 1879-90.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

John 18:32. This, however, they decline to do, because it is the death penalty they desire, and this they have no right to inflict: . In the Roman provinces the power of life and death, the jus gladii, was reserved to the governor. See Arnold’s Roman Prov. Administration, pp. 55, 57; and Josephus, Bell. Jud., ii. 8, 1, who states that when the territory of Archelaus passed to the provincial governor, Coponius, the power of inflicting capital punishment was given to him, . See also Stapfer’s Palestine, p. 100. By being thus handed over to the Roman magistrate it came about that Jesus was crucified, a form of capital punishment which the Jews never inflicted even when they had power; and thus the word of Jesus was fulfilled which He spake intimating that He would die by crucifixion, John 12:32-33.

 

 

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Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on John 18:32". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/john-18.html. 1897-1910.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

signifying, &c. See John 12:33.

should die = is about to die.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on John 18:32". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/john-18.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

That the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spake, signifying what death he should die.

That the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spake, signifying what death, [ poioo (G4169) thanatoo (G2288), 'what kind' or 'manner of death'] he should die - that is, the death of the cross, which Jesus had once and again predicted He should die (Matthew 20:19; John 3:14; John 8:28; John 12:32). Had it been left to the Jews to execute their own sentence, it would have been, as their law required in cases of blasphemy, by stoning. (Leviticus 24:16; 1 Kings 21:10; Acts 6:13, with 7:58; and see the notes at John 10:32-33.) But as this would have defeated the divine arrangements, it was so ordered that they should not have this in their power; and the divinely fixed mode of crucifixion, being a Roman mode of execution, could only be carried into effect by order of the Roman Governor. Finding it now indispensable to success to get up a criminal charge against their Prisoner, they proceed with shameless audacity to say that they had found Him guilty of what on His trial they seem not so much as to have laid to His charge. This is recorded only in

Luke 23:2 : "And they began" - or 'proceeded' "to accuse Him, saying, We have found this [fellow] perverting the nation" - `our nation' the true reading probably is - "and forbidding to give tribute to Cesar, saying that He Himself is Christ a King." In two things this speech was peculiarly base. First, It was a lie that He had ever forbidden to give tribute to Cesar; nay, to some of themselves, not many days before this, in reply to their ensnaring question on this very subject, and with a Roman coin in His hands, He had said, "Render to Cesar the things which be Cesar's" (Luke 20:25). Secondly, Their pretended jealousy for the rights and honours of Cesar was so far from being real, that their restless impatience under the Roman yoke was already creating uneasiness at Rome, and ultimately brought ruin on their whole commonwealth; nor can there be any doubt that if our Lord had given the least indication of a willingness to assume royal honours, in opposition to the Roman power, they would have rallied around Him. But how does Pilate treat this charge against the blessed Jesus? It was at least a tangible choose, and whatever suspicion he might have as to the motives of His accusers, it was not to be trifled with. Perhaps rumours of our Lord's regal claims may have reached the Governor's ears; but instead of entering on the subject with the accusers, he resolves to interrogate the Accused Himself, and that alone, in the first instance.

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on John 18:32". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/john-18.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(32) That the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled.—Comp. Note on John 18:9.

Signifying what death he should die.—Better, signifying by what manner of death He should die. (Comp. Note on John 10:32.) For the prediction of the manner of death, comp. John 3:14; John 12:32; and Note on Matthew 20:19. If the Jews had possessed the power to put Him to death, they would have condemned Him on the technical charge of blasphemy, for which the punishment was stoning. (Comp. John 8:59; John 10:31; and Acts 7:51 et seq.) Crucifixion was not a Jewish punishment, and it was in the fact that He was executed, not by Jewish authority and on the charge of blasphemy, but by Roman authority and on a charge of Majestas (high treason), that His own prophecy of the manner of His death was fulfilled.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on John 18:32". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/john-18.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

That the saying of Jesus might be fulfilled, which he spake, signifying what death he should die.
the saying
3:14; 10:31,33; 12:32,33; Matthew 20:19; 26:2; Luke 18:32,33; 24:7,8; Acts 7:59
what
Deuteronomy 21:23; Psalms 22:16; Galatians 3:13
Reciprocal: Luke 23:33 - they crucified;  John 19:18 - General

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on John 18:32". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/john-18.html.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

32.That the word of Jesus might be fulfilled. Finally, the Evangelist adds, that it was necessary that this should be done, in order that the prediction which Christ had uttered

might be fulfilled, The Son of man shall be delivered into the hands of the Gentiles,
(
Matthew 20:19.)

And, indeed, if we wish to read with advantage the history of Christ’s death, the chief point is, to consider the eternal purpose of God. The Son of God is placed before the tribunal of a mortal man. If we suppose that this is done by the caprice of men, and do not raise our eyes to God, our faith must necessarily be confounded and put to shame. But when we perceive that by the condemnation of Christ, our condemnation before God is blotted out, because it pleased the Heavenly Father to take this method of reconciling mankind to himself, raised on high by this single consideration, we boldly, and without shame, glory even in Christ’s ignominy. Let us therefore learn, in each part of this narrative, to turn our eyes to God as the Author of our redemption.

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on John 18:32". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/john-18.html. 1840-57.