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Charles Buck Theological Dictionary
An assembly of people met together for religious worship. The term has been also used for assemblies of cardinals appointed by the pope for the discharge of certain functions, after the manner of our offices and courts; such as the congregation of the inquisition, the congregation of rites of alms, &c.&c.
It also signifies a company or society of religious persons cantoned out of this or that order and making an inferior order, &c. Such are the congregations of the Oratory; those of Clupy, &c. among the Benedictines.
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Buck, Charles. Entry for 'Congregation'. Charles Buck Theological Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/cbd/c/congregation.html. 1802.