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Holman Bible Dictionary
KJV term for kidneys, used both in a literal anatomical sense and in a figurative sense for the seat of the emotions. The substitutions made by the NRSV are illustrative of those of other modern translations: literal sense as “kidneys” (Job 16:13
), “inward parts” (Psalm 139:13
), and “loins” (Isaiah 11:5
); figurative sense as “heart” (Job 19:27
; Psalm 7:9
; Psalm 16:7
; Psalm 26:2
; Psalm 73:21
; Jeremiah 11:20
) with the exception of Proverbs 23:16
These dictionary topics are from the Holman Bible Dictionary, published by Broadman & Holman, 1991. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman & Holman.
Butler, Trent C. Editor. Entry for 'Reins'. Holman Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hbd/r/reins.html. 1991.