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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words
"a kidney" (Eng., "nephritis," etc.), usually in the plural, is used metaphorically of "the will and the affections," Revelation 2:23 , "reins" (cp. Psalm 7:9; Jeremiah 11:20; 17:10; 20:12 ). The feelings and emotions were regarded as having their seat in the "kidneys."
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Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Reins'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/r/reins.html. 1940.