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Bible Dictionaries

Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament

Hall

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HALL.—‘Hall’ appears in the Authorized Version in a way to cause not a little confusion, as translation sometimes of αὐλή and sometimes of πραιτώριον. In Matthew 27:27 Authorized Version has ‘the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the common hall’ (a circumlocution for πραιτώριον). In Mark 15:15 Authorized Version has ‘into the hall called Praetorium,’ as translation of law ἔσω τῆς αὐλῆς ὅ ἐστιν πραιτώριον. Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 has not entirely relieved this confusion. The English Revisers render πραιτώριον by ‘palace,’ following Rhem. [Note: Rhemish NT 1582.] ; while the American Revisers, more literally, give praetorium, the Latin word which was carried over, transliterated, into the Greek, and which denoted originally the praetor’s tent or abode, or the general’s headquarters. Tindale introduced ‘judgement-hall’ for πραιτώριον, and is followed by Authorized Version in John 18:28; John 18:33; John 19:9 etc. The Authorized Version renders αὐλή by ‘palace’ in Matthew 26:3; Matthew 26:58; Matthew 26:69, Mark 14:54; Mark 14:66, Luke 11:21, John 18:15, when the reference is to the place where the governor dispensed justice; by ‘fold’ in John 10:1; John 10:16 of the place where the sheep were kept at night; and by ‘court’ in Revelation 11:2, as designating the court of the temple. Revised Version NT 1881, OT 1885 more consistently renders αὐλή by ‘court’ instead of ‘palace,’ everywhere except in John 10:1 ἡ αὐλὴ τῶν προβάτων, where it has ‘the fold of the sheep’ (cf. Authorized Version ‘sheepfold’), and in John 10:16, where it has simply ‘fold.’ Cf. Matthew 26:3; Matthew 26:58; Matthew 26:69, where the inner court of the high priest’s official residence seems to be meant; in Matthew 26:69 ‘Peter sat without in the palace’ (Authorized Version); ‘without’ stands in contrast with the audience-room in which Jesus was appearing before the authorities, i.e. Peter was not in the room of the official residence where the trial was going on, but out in the open court, around which the house was built; and this was ‘beneath,’ or on a lower level than the audience-room. See also Court, Praetorium.

Geo. B. Eager.

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Bibliography Information
Hastings, James. Entry for 'Hall'. Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/hdn/h/hall.html. 1906-1918.

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