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Bible Dictionaries
Clean, Cleanness, Cleanse, Cleansing

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

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A — 1: καθαρός

(Strong's #2513 — Adjective — katharos — kath-ar-os' )

"free from impure admixture, without blemish, spotless," is used (a) physically, e.g., Matthew 23:26; 27:59; John 13:10 (where the Lord, speaking figuratively, teaches that one who has been entirely "cleansed," needs not radical renewal, but only to be "cleansed" from every sin into which he may fall); John 15:3; Hebrews 10:22; Revelation 15:6; 19:8,14; 21:18,21; (b) in a Levitical sense, Romans 14:20; Titus 1:15 , "pure;" (c) ethically, with the significance free from corrupt desire, from guilt, Matthew 5:8; John 13:10,11; Acts 20:26; 1 Timothy 1:5; 3:9; 2 Timothy 1:3; 2:22; Titus 1:15; James 1:27; blameless, innocent (a rare meaning for this word), Acts 18:6; (d) in a combined Levitical and ethical sense ceremonially, Luke 11:41 , "all things are clean unto you." See CLEAR , C, Note (2), PURE.

B — 1: καθαρίζω

(Strong's #2511 — Verb — katharizo — kath-ar-id'-zo )

akin to A, signifies (1) "to make clean, to cleanse" (a) from physical stains and dirt, as in the case of utensils, Matthew 23:25 (figuratively in Matthew 23:26 ); from disease, as of leprosy, Matthew 8:2; (b) in a moral sense, from the defilement of sin, Acts 15:9; 2 Corinthians 7:1; Hebrews 9:14; James 4:8 , "cleanse" from the guilt of sin, Ephesians 5:26; 1 John 1:7; (2) "to pronounce clean in a Levitical sense," Mark 7:19 , RV; Acts 10:15; 11:9; "to consecrate by cleansings," Hebrews 9:22,23; 10:2 . See PURGE , PURIFY.

B — 2: διακαθαρίζω

(Strong's #1245 — Verb — diakatharizo — dee-ak-ath-ar-id'-zo )

"to cleanse thoroughly," is used in Matthew 3:12 , RV.

Note: For kathairo, John 15:2 , RV, See PURGE , No. 1. For diakathairo, Luke 3:17 , RV, see PURGE , No. 3.

C — 1: καθαρισμός

(Strong's #2512 — Noun Masculine — katharismos — kath-ar-is-mos' )

akin to A, denotes "cleansing," (a) both the action and its results, in the Levitical sense, Mark 1:44; Luke 2:22 , "purification;" 5:14, "cleansing;" John 2:6; 3:25 , "purifying;" (b) in the moral sense, from sins, Hebrews 1:3; 2 Peter 1:9 , RV, "cleansing." See PURGE , PURIFICATION , PURIFYING.

C — 2: καθαρότης

(Strong's #2514 — Noun Feminine — katharotes — kath-ar-ot'-ace )

akin to B, "cleannes, purity," is used in the Levitical sense in Hebrews 9:13 , RV, "cleanness." See PURIFY.

Note: In 2 Peter 2:18 , some inferior mss. have ontos, "certainly" (AV, "clean"), for oligos, "scarcely" (RV, "just").

Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Clean, Cleanness, Cleanse, Cleansing'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/​dictionaries/​eng/​ved/​c/clean-cleanness-cleanse-cleansing.html. 1940.
 
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