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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Drink, Drank

A — 1: πόμα

(Strong's #4188 — Noun Neuter — poma — pom'-ah )

akin to B, No. 1, denotes "the thing drunk" (from a root po---, found in the Eng., "portion;" it is connected with the root pi---; see B, No. 3), 1 Corinthians 10:4; Hebrews 9:10 .

A — 2: πόσις

(Strong's #4213 — Noun Feminine — posis — pos'-is )

akin to B, No. 1, suggests "the act of drinking," John 6:55 (where it is practically equivalent to No. 1); Romans 14:17 , "drinking," RV; Colossians 2:16 .

A — 3: σίκερα

(Strong's #4608 — Noun Neuter — sikera — sik'-er-ah )

is "a strong, intoxicating drink," made from any sweet ingredients, whether grain, vegetables, or the juice of fruits, or a decoction of honey; "strong drink," Luke 1:15 . In the Sept., Leviticus 10:9; Numbers 6:3; 28:7; Deuteronomy 14:26; 29:6; Isaiah 5:11,22; 24:9; 28:7; 29:9 .

B — 1: πίνω

(Strong's #4095 — which (together with another form poo {po'-o}, occurs only as an alternate in certain tenses — pino — pee'-no, pee'-o, po'-o )

"to drink," is used chiefly in the Gospels and in 1Cor., whether literally (most frequently), or figuratively, (a) of "drinking" of the blood of Christ, in the sense of receiving eternal life, through His death, John 6:53,54,56; (b) of "receiving" spiritually that which refreshes, strengthens and nourishes the soul, John 7:37; (c) of "deriving" spiritual life from Christ, John 4:14 , as Israel did typically, 1 Corinthians 10:4; (d) of "sharing" in the sufferings of Christ humanly inflicted, Matthew 20:22,23; Mark 10:38,39; (e) of "participating" in the abominations imparted by the corrupt religious and commercial systems emanating from Babylon, Revelation 18:3; (f) of "receiving" Divine judgment, through partaking unworthily of the Lord's Supper, 1 Corinthians 11:29; (g) of "experiencing" the wrath of God, Revelation 14:10; 16:6; (h) of the earth's "receiving" the benefits of rain, Hebrews 6:7 .

B — 2: μεθύω

(Strong's #3184 — Verb — methuo — meth-oo'-o )

from methu, "wine, to be drunk," is used in John 2:10 in the Passive Voice, and is translated in the RV, "have drunk freely;" AV, "have well drunk." See DRUNK.

B — 3: ποτίζω

(Strong's #4222 — Verb — potizo — pot-id'-zo )

"to give to drink, to make to drink," is used (a) in the material sense, in Matthew 10:42; 25:35,37,42 (here of "ministering" to those who belong to Christ and thus doing so virtually to Him); 27:48; Mark 9:41; 15:36; Luke 13:15 ("to watering"); Romans 12:20; 1 Corinthians 3:7,8; (b) figuratively, with reference to "teaching" of an elementary character, 1 Corinthians 3:2 , "I fed (you with milk);" of "spiritual watering by teaching" the Word of God, 1 Corinthians 3:6; of being "provided" and "satisfied" by the power and blessing of the Spirit of God, 1 Corinthians 12:13; of the effect upon the nations of "partaking" of the abominable mixture, provided by Babylon, of paganism with details of the Christian faith, Revelation 14:8 . See FEED , WATER.

B — 4: συμπίνω

(Strong's #4844 — Verb — sumpino — soom-pee'-no )

"to drink together" (sun, "with," and B, No. 1), is found in Acts 10:41 .

B — 5: ὑδροποτέω

(Strong's #5202 — Verb — hudropoteo — hoo-drop-ot-eh'-o )

"to drink water" (hudor, "water," poteo, "to drink"), is found in 1 Timothy 5:23 , RV, "be (no longer) a drinker of water."

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Drink, Drank'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/d/drink-drank.html. 1940.

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