Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Eight, Eighteen, Eighth

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1: ὀκτώ

(Strong's #3638 — Noun — okto — ok-to' )

"eight" (Lat., octo, octavus; cp. Eng., "octagon," "octave," "octavo," "October," etc.), is used in Luke 2:21; 9:28; John 20:26; Acts 9:33; 25:6; 1 Peter 3:20; in composition with other numerals, okto kai deka, lit., "eight and ten, eighteen," Luke 13:4,11,16; triakonta kai okto, "thirty and eight," John 5:5 .

2: ὄγδοος

(Strong's #3590 — Adjective — ogdoos — og'-do-os )

"eighth" (connected with the preceding), is used in Luke 1:59; Acts 7:8; 2 Peter 2:5; Revelation 17:11; 21:20 .

3: ὀκταήμερος

(Strong's #3637 — Adjective — oktaemeros — ok-tah-ay'-mer-os )

an adjective, signifying an "eighth-day" person or thing, "eight days old" (okto, and hemera, "a day"), is used in Philippians 3:5 . This, and similar numerical adjectives not found in the NT, indicate duration rather than intervals. The Apostle shows by his being an "eighth-day" person as to circumcision, that his parents were neither Ishmaelites (circumcised in their thirteenth year) nor other Gentiles, converted to Judaism (circumcised on becoming Jews).

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These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Eight, Eighteen, Eighth'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

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