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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words


* (Note: The following are distinct from the word when it is auxiliary to the tenses of other verbs.)

1: ἔχω

(Strong's #2192 — Verb — echo — ekh'-o )

the usual verb for "to have," is used with the following meanings: (a) "to hold, in the hand," etc., e.g., Revelation 1:16; 5:8; (b) "to hold fast, keep," Luke 19:20; metaphorically, of the mind and conduct, e.g., Mark 16:8; John 14:21; Romans 1:28; 1 Timothy 3:9; 2 Timothy 1:13; (c) "to hold on, cling to, be next to," e.g., of accompaniment, Hebrews 6:9 , "things that accompany (salvation)," lit., "the things holding themselves of salvation" (RV, marg., "are near to"); of place, Mark 1:38 , "next (towns)," lit., "towns holding nigh;" of time, e.g., Luke 13:33 , "(the day) following," lit., "the holding (day);" Acts 13:44; 20:15; 21:26; (d) "to hold, to count, consider, regard," e.g., Matthew 14:5; 21:46; Mark 11:32; Luke 14:18; Philemon 1:17; (e) "to involve," Hebrews 10:35; James 1:4; 1 John 4:18; (f) "to wear," of clothing, arms, etc., e.g., Matthew 3:4; 22:12; John 18:10; (g) "to be with child," of a woman, Mark 13:17; Romans 9:10 (lit., "having conception"); (h) "to possess," the most frequent use, e.g., Matthew 8:20; 19:22; Acts 9:14; 1 Thessalonians 3:6; (i) of complaints, disputes, Matthew 5:23; Mark 11:25; Acts 24:19; Revelation 2:4,20; (j) of ability, power, e.g., Luke 12:4; Acts 4:14 (lit., "had nothing to say"); (k) of necessity, e.g., Luke 12:50; Acts 23:17-19; (l) "to be in a certain condition," as, of readiness, Acts 21:12 (lit., "I have readily"); of illness, Matthew 4:24 , "all that were sick" (lit., "that had themselves sickly"); Mark 5:23 , "lieth (lit., "hath herself") at the point of death;" Mark 16:18 , "they shall recover" (lit., "shall have themselves well"); John 4:52 , "he began to amend" (lit., "he had himself better"); of evil works, 1 Timothy 5:25 , "they that are otherwise," (lit., "the things having otherwise"); to be so, e.g., Acts 7:1 , "are these things so?" (lit., "have these things thus?"); of time, Acts 24:25 , "for this time" (lit., "the thing having now").

2: ἀπέχω

(Strong's #568 — Verb — apecho — ap-ekh'-o )

denotes "to have in full, to have received" (apo, "from," and No. 1), Matthew 6:2,5,16 , RV, "have received," for AV, "have;" Luke 6:24 , AV and RV, "have received," but Philippians 4:18 , "I have;" Philemon 1:15 , "(that) thou shouldest have (him)" (AV, "receive"). Deissmann, in Light from the Ancient East, and Moulton and Milligan (Vocab. of Gk. Test.) show that the verb was constantly used "as a technical expression in drawing up a receipt. Consequently in the Sermon on the Mount we are led to understand 'they have received their reward' as 'they have signed the receipt of their reward: their right to receive their reward is realized, precisely as if they had already given a receipt for it.'"

Is there not a hint of this in Paul's word to Philemon concerning receiving Onesimus (Philemon 1:17 )? Philemon would give the Apostle a receipt for his payment in sending him. This is in keeping with the metaphorical terms of finance in Philemon 1:18,19 . See ABSTAIN.

3: γίνομαι

(Strong's #1096 — Verb — ginomai — ghin'-om-ahee )

"to begin to be, come to pass, happen," is rendered "have" in Matthew 18:12; "had" in Acts 15:2; "shall have" in 1 Corinthians 4:5 , lit., "praise shall be," or come to pass. See BECOME.

4: μεταλαμβάνω

(Strong's #3335 — Verb — metalambano — met-al-am-ban'-o )

"to have," or "get a share of," is rendered "I have (a convenient season)," in Acts 24:25 . See EAT , PARTAKE , RECEIVE , TAKE.

5: ὑπάρχω

(Strong's #5225 — Verb — huparcho — hoop-ar'-kho )

"to be in existence, to be ready, at hand," is translated by the verb "to have" in Acts 3:6 , lit., "silver and gold is not to me" (in the next clause, "such as I have," echo is used); Acts 4:37 , "having (land)," lit., "(land) being (to him);" Matthew 19:21 , "that (thou) hast," lit., "(things that) are (thine)," i.e., "thy belongings;" similarly Luke 12:33,44; 14:33 . See BEING.

6: ἀντιβάλλω

(Strong's #474 — Verb — antiballo — an-tee-bal'-lo )

lit., "to throw in turn, exchange" (anti. "corresponding to," ballo, "to throw"), hence, metaphorically, "to exchange thoughts," is used in Luke 24:27 , "ye have," i.e., "ye exchange."

7: εἰμί

(Strong's #1510 — verb — eimi — i-mee' )

"to be, is often used in its various forms with some case of the personal pronoun, to signify "to be to, or of, a person," e.g., Matthew 19:27 , "(what then) shall we have," lit., "what then shall be to us?;" Acts 21:23 , "we have four men," lit., "there are to us, etc."

8: ἐνδύω

(Strong's #1746 — Verb — enduo — en-doo'-o )

"to put on," is rendered "having on" in Ephesians 6:14 . See CLOTHE.

Notes: (1) In John 5:4 (in those mss. which contain the passage), katecho, "to hold fast," is used in the Passive Voice, in the phrase "whatsoever disease he had," lit., "(by whatsoever disease) he was held." (2) In Mark 12:22 , in some mss., lambano, "to take" or "receive," is translated "had," in the statement "the seven had her;" in Acts 25:16 , RV, "have had" (AV, "have"); in Hebrews 11:36 , "had." (3) In Matthew 27:19 , "Have thou nothing to do with that righteous man" translates what is lit. "nothing to thee and that righteous man," the verb being omitted. Similarly with the phrase, "What have I to do with thee?" lit., "what (is) to me and thee?" Mark 5:7; Luke 8:28; John 2:4 , where Westcott translates it "What is there to Me and to thee?;" Ellicott, "What is that to Me and to thee," i.e., "What is My concern and thine in the matter?" There is certainly nothing disparaging in the question. On the contrary, it answers what must have been the thought in Mary's heart, and suggests that while there is no obligation either on Him or her, yet the need is a case for rendering help. For the construction with the plural pronoun see Matthew 8:29; Mark 1:24; Luke 4:34 . (4) In Hebrews 4:13 , "with whom we have to do" is, lit., "with whom (is) the account (logos) to us." (5) In Hebrews 13:5 , "such things as ye have" is, lit., "the (things) present." (6) In Mark 5:26 , "all that she had" is, lit., "all the (things) with her." (7) For Luke 15:31 , AV, "all that I have," lit., "all my (things)," see RV. (8) For eneimi, Luke 11:41 , "ye have," see WITHIN , Note (h).

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Have'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

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