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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Persecute, Persecution

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A — 1: διώκω

(Strong's #1377 — verb — dioko — dee-o'-ko )

has the meanings (a) "to put to flight, drive away," (b) "to pursue," whence the meaning "to persecute," Matthew 5:10-12,44; 10:23; 23:34; Luke 11:49 (No. 2 in some mss.); 21:12; John 5:16; 15:20 (twice); Acts 7:52; 9:4,5 , and similar passages; Romans 12:14; 1 Corinthians 4:12; 15:9; 2 Corinthians 4:9 , AV (RV, "pursued"); Galatians 1:13,23; 4:29; Galatians 5:11 , RV, "am ... persecuted" (AV, "suffer persecution"); so Galatians 6:12; Philippians 3:6; 2 Timothy 3:12 , "shall suffer persecution;" Revelation 12:13 . See FOLLOW , PURSUE.

A — 2: ἐκδιώκω

(Strong's #1559 — Verb — ekdioko — ek-dee-o'-ko )

ek, "out" and No. 1, is used in 1 Thessalonians 2:15 , AV, "persecuted" (RV, "drove out"). See also No. 1. See DRIVE , No. 2.

B — 1: διωγμός

(Strong's #1375 — Noun Masculine — diogmos — dee-ogue-mos' )

akin to A, No. 1, occurs in Matthew 13:21; Mark 4:17; 10:30; Acts 8:1; 13:50; Romans 8:35; 2 Corinthians 12:10; 2 Thessalonians 1:4; 2 Timothy 3:11 , twice (for ver. 12, see A, No. 1). In the Sept., Proverbs 11:19; Lamentations 3:19 .

Note: In Acts 11:19 , AV, thlipsis, "tribulation" (RV), is translated "persecution."

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Persecute, Persecution'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/p/persecute-persecution.html. 1940.

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