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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Pure, Pureness, Purity

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A — 1: ἁγνός
(Strong's #53 — Adjective — hagnos — hag-nos' )

"pure from defilement, not contaminated" (from the same root as hagios, "holy"), is rendered "pure" in Philippians 4:8; 1 Timothy 5:22; James 3:17; 1 John 3:3; see CHASTE.

A — 2: καθαρός
(Strong's #2513 — Adjective — katharos — kath-ar-os' )

"pure," as being cleansed, e.g., Matthew 5:8; 1 Timothy 1:5; 3:9; 2 Timothy 1:3; 2:22; Titus 1:15; Hebrews 10:22; James 1:27; 1 Peter 1:22; Revelation 15:6; 21:18; 22:1 (in some mss.). See CHASTE , Note, CLEAN , A.

Note: In 1 Peter 1:22 the AV, "with a pure heart," follows those mss. which have this adjective (RV, "from the heart").

A — 3: εἰλικρινής
(Strong's #1506 — Adjective — elikrines — i-lik-ree-nace' )

signifies "unalloyed, pure;" (a) it was used of unmixed substances; (b) in the NT it is used of moral and ethical "purity," Philippians 1:10 , "sincere;" so the RV in 2 Peter 3:1 (AV, "pure"). Some regard the etymological meaning as "tested by the sunlight" (Cremer). See CHASTE , Note, SINCERE.

Note: Wine mixed with water may be hagnos, "not being contaminated;" it is not katharos, when there is the admixture of any element even though the latter is "pure" in itself.

B — 1: ἁγνότης
(Strong's #54 — Noun Feminine — hagnotes — hag-not'-ace )

the state of being hagnos (A, No. 1), occurs in 2 Corinthians 6:6 , "pureness;" 2 Corinthians 11:3 , in the best mss., "(and the) purity," RV.

B — 2: ἁγνεία
(Strong's #47 — Noun Feminine — hagneia — hag-ni'-ah )

synonymous with No. 1, "purity," occurs in 1 Timothy 4:12; 5:2 , where it denotes the chastity which excludes all impurity of spirit, manner, or act.

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Pure, Pureness, Purity'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/p/pure-pureness-purity.html. 1940.

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