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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words
is an Aramaic word akin to the Heb. req, "empty," the first "a" being due to a Galilean change. In the AV of 1611 it was spelled racha; in the edition of 1638, raca. It was a word of utter contempt, signifying "empty," intellectually rather than morally, "empty-headed," like Abimelech's hirelings, Judges 9:4 , and the "vain" man of James 2:20 . As condemned by Christ, Matthew 5:22 , it was worse than being angry, inasmuch as an outrageous utterance is worse than a feeling unexpressed or somewhat controlled in expression; it does not indicate such a loss of self-control as the word rendered "fool," a godless, moral reprobate.
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Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Raca'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/r/raca.html. 1940.