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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words
is used (a) in its natural significance, Matthew 9:36; 25:32; Mark 6:34; Luke 2:8,15,18,20; John 10:2,12; (b) metaphorically of Christ, Matthew 26:31; Mark 14:27; John 10:11,14,16; Hebrews 13:20; 1 Peter 2:25; (c) metaphorically of those who act as pastors in the churches, Ephesians 4:11 . See PASTOR.
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Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Shepherd'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/s/shepherd.html. 1940.