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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words
Today, This Day
an adverb (the Attic form is temeron), akin to hemera, a day, with the prefix t originally representing a pronoun. It is used frequently in Matthew, Luke and Acts; in the last it is always rendered "this day;" also in Hebrews 1:5 , and the RV of Hebrews 5:5 (AV, "to day") in the same quotation; "today" in Hebrews 3:7,13,15; 4:7 (twice); 13:8; also James 4:13 .The clause containing semeron is sometimes introduced by the conjunction hoti, "that," e.g., Mark 14:30; Luke 4:21; 19:9; sometimes without the conjunction, e.g., Luke 22:34; 23:43 , where "today" is to be attached to the next statement, "shalt thou be with Me;" there are no grammatical reasons for the insistence that the connection must be with the statement "Verily I say unto thee," nor is such an idea necessitated by examples from either the Sept. or the NT; the connection given in the AV and RV is right. In Romans 11:8; 2 Corinthians 3:14,15 , the lit. rendering is "unto the today day," the emphasis being brought out by the RV, "unto (until) this very day." In Hebrews 4:7 , the "today" of Psalm 95:7 is evidently designed to extend to the present period of the Christian faith.
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Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Today, This Day'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/t/today-this-day.html. 1940.