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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words
primarily denotes "to beat a drum" (tumpanon, "a kettledrum," Eng., "tympanal," "tympanitis," "tympanum"), hence, "to torture by beating, to beat to death," Hebrews 11:35 . In the Sept., 1 Samuel 21:13 , "(David) drummed (upon the doors of the city)." The tympanum as an instrument of "torture" seems to have been a wheel-shaped frame upon which criminals were stretched and beaten with clubs or thongs.
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Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Torture'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/t/torture.html. 1940.