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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words
akin to oxus, "sharp," denotes "sour wine," the ordinary drink of laborers and common soldiers; it is used in the four Gospels of the "vinegar" offered to the Lord at His crucifixion. In Matthew 27:34 the best texts have oinos, "wine" (RV). Some have oxos (AV, "vinegar"), but Mark 15:23 (AV and RV) confirms the RV in the passage in Matthew. This which the soldiers offered before crucifying, was refused by Him, as it was designed to alleviate His sufferings; the "vinegar" is mentioned in Mark 15:36; so Luke 23:36; John 19:29,30 . In the Sept., Numbers 6:3; Ruth 2:14; Psalm 69:21; Proverbs 25:20 .
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Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Vinegar'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/v/vinegar.html. 1940.