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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Drunk,, Drunkard, Drunkenness

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A — 1: μεθύω
(Strong's #3184 — Verb — methuo — meth-oo'-o )

signifies "to be drunk with wine" (from methu, "mulled wine;" hence Eng., "mead, honey-wine"); originally it denoted simply "a pleasant drink." For John 2:10 see under DRINK. The verb is used of "being intoxicated" in Matthew 24:49 ; Acts 2:15 ; 1 Corinthians 11:21 ; 1 Thessalonians 5:7 b; metaphorically, of the effect upon men of partaking of the abominations of the Babylonish system, Revelation 17:2 ; of being in a state of mental "intoxication," through the shedding of men's blood profusely, ver. 6.

A — 2: μεθύσκω
(Strong's #3182 — Verb — methusko — meth-oos'-ko )

signifies "to make drunk, or to grow drunk" (an inceptive verb, marking the process or the state expressed in No. 1), "to become intoxicated," Luke 12:45 ; Ephesians 5:18 ; 1 Thessalonians 5:7 .

B — 1: μέθυσος
(Strong's #3183 — Noun Masculine — methusos — meth'-oo-sos )

"drunken" (cp. No. 2), is used as noun, in the singular, in 1 Corinthians 5:11 , and in the plural, in 1 Corinthians 6:10 , "drunkard," "drunkards."

C — 1: μέθη
(Strong's #3178 — Noun Feminine — methe — meth'-ay )

"strong drink" (akin to methu, "wine," see under A. 1, above), denotes "drunkenness, habitual intoxication," Luke 21:34 ; Romans 13:13 ; Galatians 5:21 .


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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Drunk,, Drunkard, Drunkenness'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/d/drunk-drunkard-drunkenness.html. 1940.

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, July 4th, 2020
the Week of Proper 8 / Ordinary 13
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