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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Fight

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A — 1: ἀγών
(Strong's #73 — Noun Masculine — agon — ag-one' )

akin to ago, "to lead," primarily "a gathering," then, "a place of assembly," and hence, "a contest, conflict," is translated "fight" in 1 Timothy 6:12 ; 2 Timothy 4:7 . See CONFLICT.

A — 2: ἄθλησις
(Strong's #119 — Noun Feminine — athlesis — ath'-lay-sis )

is translated "fight" in Hebrews 10:32 , AV. See CONFLICT.

Note: In Hebrews 11:34 , polemos, "war," is translated "fight," AV (RV, "war"); it is misrendered "battle" in the AV of 1 Corinthians 14:8 ; Revelation 9:7,9 ; 16:14 ; 20:8 .

B — 1: ἀγωνίζομαι
(Strong's #75 — Verb — agonizomai — ag-o-nid'-zom-ahee )

from A, No. 1, denotes (a) "to contend" in the public games, 1 Corinthians 9:25 ("striveth in the games," RV); (b) "to fight, engage in conflict," John 18:36 ; (c) metaphorically, "to contend" perseveringly against opposition and temptation, 1 Timothy 6:12 ; 2 Timothy 4:7 (cp. A, No. 1; in regard to the meaning there, the evidence of Koine inscriptions is against the idea of games-contests); to strive as in a contest for a prize, straining every nerve to attain to the object, Luke 13:24 ; to put forth every effort, involving toil, Colossians 1:29 ; 1 Timothy 4:10 (some mss. have oneidizomai here, "to suffer reproach"); to wrestle earnestly in prayer, Colossians 4:12 (cp. sunagonizomai, Romans 15:30 ). See LABOR , STRIVE.

B — 2: πυκτεύω
(Strong's #4438 — Verb — pukteuo — pook-teh'-o )

"to box" (from puktes, "a pugilist"), one of the events in the Olympic games, is translated "fight" in 1 Corinthians 9:26 .

B — 3: μάχομαι
(Strong's #3164 — Verb — machomai — makh'-om-ahee )

"to fight," is so rendered in James 4:2 (cp. "fightings," ver. 1, see below), and translated "strive" in 2 Timothy 2:24 ; "strove" in John 6:52 ; Acts 7:26 , See STRIVE.

B — 4: θηριομαχέω
(Strong's #2341 — Verb — theriomacheo — thay-ree-om-akh-eh'-o )

signifies "to fight with wild beasts" (therion, "a beast," and No. 3), 1 Corinthians 15:32 . Some think that the Apostle was condemned to fight with wild beasts; if so, he would scarcely have omitted it from 2 Corinthians 11:23-33 . Moreover, he would have lost his status as a Roman citizen. Probably he uses the word figuratively of contending with ferocious men. Ignatius so uses it in his Ep. to the Romans.

Notes: (1) In Revelation 2:16 ; 12:7 , AV, polemeo, "to war," is translated "to fight," RV, "will make war," "going forth to war," and "warred." (2) In Acts 23:9 some mss. have the verb theomacheo, "to fight against God." Cp. the corresponding adjective, below, under FIGHTING.


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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Fight'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/f/fight.html. 1940.

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, November 18th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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