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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words


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A — 1: πῦρ
(Strong's #4442 — Noun Neuter — pur — poor )

(akin to which are No. 2, pura, and puretos, "a fever," Eng., "fire," etc.) is used (besides its ordinary natural significance):

(a) of the holiness of God, which consumes all that is inconsistent therewith, Hebrews 10:27 ; 12:29 ; cp. Revelation 1:14 ; 2:18 ; 10:1 ; 15:2 ; 19:12 ; similarly of the holy angels as His ministers, Hebrews 1:7 ; in Revelation 3:18 it is symbolic of that which tries the faith of saints, producing what will glorify the Lord:

(b) of the Divine judgment, testing the deeds of believers, at the judgment seat of Christ, 1 Corinthians 3:13,15 :

(c) of the fire of Divine judgment upon the rejectors of Christ, Matthew 3:11 (where a distinction is to be made between the baptism of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost and the "fire" of Divine retribution; Acts 2:3 could not refer to baptism): Luke 3:16 :

(d) of the judgments of God at the close of the present age previous to the establishment of the kingdom of Christ in the world, 2 Thessalonians 1:8 ; Revelation 18:8 :

(e) of the "fire" of Hell, to be endured by the ungodly hereafter, Matthew 5:22 ; 13:42,50 ; 18:8,9 ; 25:41 ; Mark 9:43,48 ; Luke 3:17 :

(f) of human hostility both to the Jews and to Christ's followers, Luke 12:49 :

(g) as illustrative of retributive judgment upon the luxurious and tyrannical rich, James 5:3 :

(h) of the future overthrow of the Babylonish religious system at the hands of the Beast and the nations under him, Revelation 17:16 :

(i) of turning the heart of an enemy to repentance by repaying his unkindness by kindness, Romans 12:20 :

(j) of the tongue, as governed by a "fiery" disposition and as exercising a destructive influence over others, James 3:6 :

(k) as symbolic of the danger of destruction, Jude 1:23 .

Note: See also under FLAME.

A — 2: πυρά
(Strong's #4443 — Noun Feminine — pura — poo-rah' )

from No. 1, denotes "a heap of fuel" collected to be set on fire (hence Eng., "pyre"), Acts 28:2,3 .

Note: In Mark 14:54 , the italicized phrase "of the fire" is added in the Eng. versions to indicate the light as coming from the "fire."

B — 1: πύρινος
(Strong's #4447 — Adjective — purinos — poo'-ree-nos )

"fiery" (akin to A, No. 1), is translated "of fire" in Revelation 9:17 . In the Sept., Ezekiel 28:14,16 .

C — 1: πυρόω
(Strong's #4448 — Verb — puroo — poo-ro'-o )

is translated "being on fire" (Middle Voice) in 2 Peter 3:12 . See FIERY.

C — 2: φλογίζω
(Strong's #5394 — Verb — phlogizo — flog-id'-zo )

"to set on fire, burn up," is used figuratively, in both Active and Passive Voices, in James 3:6 , of the tongue, firstly, of its disastrous effects upon the whole round of the circumstances of life; secondly, of satanic agency in using the tongue for this purpose.

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Fire'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

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Wednesday, January 22nd, 2020
the Second Week after Epiphany
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