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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Wisdom

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1: σοφία
(Strong's #4678 — Noun Feminine — sophia — sof-ee'-ah )

is used with reference to (a) God, Romans 11:33 ; 1 Corinthians 1:21,24 ; 2:7 ; Ephesians 3:10 ; Revelation 7;12 ; (b) Christ, Matthew 13:54 ; Mark 6:2 ; Luke 2:40,52 ; 1 Corinthians 1:30 ; Colossians 2:3 ; Revelation 5:12 ; (c) "wisdom" personified, Matthew 11:19 ; Luke 7:35 ; 11:49 ; (d) human "wisdom" (1) in spiritual things, Luke 21:15 ; Acts 6:3,10 ; 7:10 ; 1 Corinthians 2:6 (1st part); 12:8; Ephesians 1:8,17 ; Colossians 1:9 , RV, "(spiritual) wisdom," Colossians 1:28 ; 3:16 ; 4:5 ; James 1:5 ; 3:13,17 ; 2 Peter 3:15 ; Revelation 13:18 ; 17:9 ; (2) in the natural sphere, Matthew 12:42 ; Luke 11:31 ; Acts 7:22 ; 1 Corinthians 1:17,19-21 (twice),22; 2:1,4-6 (2nd part),13; 3:19; 2 Corinthians 1:12 ; Colossians 2:23 ; (3) in its most debased form, James 3:15 , "earthly, sensual, devilish" (marg., "demoniacal").

2: φρόνησις
(Strong's #5428 — Noun Feminine — phronesis — fron'-ay-sis )

"understanding, prudence," i.e., a right use of phren, "the mind," is translated "wisom" in Luke 1:17 . See PRUDENCE.

Note: "While sophia is the insight into the true nature of things, phronesis is the ability to discern modes of action with a view to their results; while sophia is theoretical, phronesis is practical" (Lightfoot). Sunesis, "understanding, intelligence," is the critical faculty; this and phronesis are particular applications of sophia.


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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Wisdom'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/w/wisdom.html. 1940.

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Friday, May 29th, 2020
the Seventh Week after Easter
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