Bible Encyclopedias

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Anoint; Anointed

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a -noint ´, a -noint´ed ( ἀλείφω , aleı̄pho , χρίω , chrı́ō ): Refers to a very general practice in the East. It originated from the relief from the effect of the sun that was experienced in rubbing the body with oil or grease. Among rude people the common vegetable or animal fat was used. As society advanced and refinement became a part of civilization, delicately perfumed ointments were used for this purpose. Other reasons soon obtained for this practice than that stated above. Persons were anointed for health (Mark 6:13 ), because of the widespread belief in the healing power of oil. It was often employed as a mark of hospitality (Luke 7:46 ); as a mark of special honor (John 11:2 ); in preparation for social occasions (Rth 3:3; 2 Samuel 14:2; Isaiah 61:3 ). The figurative use of this word (chriō ) has reference strictly to the coming of the Holy Spirit upon the individual (Luke 4:18; Acts 4:27; Acts 10:38 ). In this sense it is God who anoints (Heb 19; 2 Corinthians 1:21 ). The thought is to appoint, or qualify for a special dignity, function or privilege. It is in this sense that the word is applied to Christ (John 1:41 m; Acts 4:27; Acts 10:38; Hebrews 1:9; compare Psalm 2:2; Daniel 9:25 ). See also ANOINTING .

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Anoint; Anointed'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. 1915.

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