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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

Asaph

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(Heb. Asaph', אָסָ Š, assembler; Sept. Ἀσάφ ), the names of three persons. (See EBIASAPH).

1. A Levite of the family of Gershom (see below), son of Barachiah (1 Chronicles 6:39; 1 Chronicles 15:17), eminent as a musician, and appointed by David to preside over the sacred choral services which he organized (1 Chronicles 16:5), B.C. 1014. The "sons of Asaph" are afterward mentioned as choristers. of the Temple (1 Chronicles 25:1-2; 2 Chronicles 20:14; 2 Chronicles 29:13; Ezra 2:41; Ezra 3:10; Nehemiah 7:44; Nehemiah 11:22); and this office appears to have been made hereditary in his family (1 Chronicles 25:1-2). Asaph was celebrated in after times as a prophet (הֹזֶה, seer) and poet (2 Chronicles 29:30; Nehemiah 12:46), and the titles of twelve of the Psalms (50, 73, to 83) bear his name, in some of which he evidently stands (as a patronymic, Nehemiah 11:17) for the Levites generally (see Huetii Demonstr. ev. p. 332; Bertholdt, v, 1956; Herder, Ebr. Poesie, ii, 331; comp. Niemeyer, Charakterist. 4:356 sq.; Carpzov, Introd. 103 sq.; Eichhorn, Einl. v, 17 sq.); or he may have been the founder of a school of poets and musical composers, who were called after him " the sons of Asaph" (comp. the Homeridae). (See PSALMS). The following is his ancestry (see Reinhard, De Asapho, Vien. 1742).

Name

1 Chronicles 6

1 Chronicles 6

Born, cir. B.C.

Levi

1

16

1917

Gershom

20

43

1860?

Libni

20

17

1805?

Jahath

20

43

1750?

Shimei

 

42

1695?

Zimmah

20

42

1640?

Joah

21

 

 

or Ethan

 

42

1585?

Adaiah

 

41

 

or Iddo

21

 

1530?

Zerah

21

41

1475?

Ethni

 

41

 

or Jeaterai

21

 

1420?

Malchiah

 

40

1365?

Baaseiah

 

40

1310?

Michael

 

40

1255?

Shimea

 

39

1200?

Berachiah

 

39

1145?

Asaph

 

39

1090?

 

2. The "father" of Joah, which latter was "recorder" in the time of Hezekiah (2 Kings 18:18; 2 Kings 18:37; Isaiah 36:3; Isaiah 36:22). B.C. ante 726. Perhaps i. q. No. 1. 3. A "keeper of the king's forests" (prob. in Lebanon), to whom Nehemiah requested of Artaxerxes Longimanus an order for timber to rebuild the Temple at Jerusalem (Nehemiah 2:8). B.C. 446.

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Asaph'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tce/a/asaph.html. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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