the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature
(עֲגָלָה, agalah´, from עָגִל, to roll; Sept. ἄμαξα [so in Judith 15:11], Vulg. plaustrum; also rendered "wagon," Genesis 45:19; Genesis 45:21; Genesis 45:27; Genesis 46:5; Numbers 7:3; Numbers 7:6-8; and "chariot" in Psalms 46:9, (See CART- WHEEL) ), a vehicle moving on wheels, and usually drawn by cattle (2 Samuel 6:6), to be distinguished from the chariot drawn by horses. (See CHARIOT).
1. The carts which the king of Egypt sent to assist in transporting Jacob's family from Canaan (Genesis 45:19; Genesis 45:27) were manifestly not used in the latter country, but were peculiar to Egypt. These carts or wagons were, of course, not war-chariots, nor such curricles as were in use among the Egyptian nobility. The ready means of transport and travel by the Nile seems to have rendered in a great measure unnecessary any other wheel- carriages than those for war or pleasure. The sculptures, however, exhibit some carts as used by a nomade people (enemies of the Egyptians) in their migrations (comp. Figs. 1 and 2, below).
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