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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature


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(Heb. Yochanan', יוֹחָנָן, a contracted form of the name JEHOHANAN; comp. also JOHN), the name of several men. (See JEHOHANAN), 3, 4, 6.

1. (Sept. Ι᾿ωνάν v.r. Ι᾿ωανάν.) The eighth of the Gadite braves who joined David's band in the fastness of the desert of Judah (1 Chronicles 12:12). B.C. cir. 1061.

2. (Sept. Ι᾿ωανάν.) One apparently of the Benjamite slingers and archers who joined David at Ziklag (1 Chronicles 12:4). B.C. 1055.

3. (Sept. Ι᾿ωανάς v.r. Ι᾿ωανάν, Ι᾿ωνάς .) Son of Azariah and father of Azariah, high priests (1 Chronicles 6:9-10, where perhaps an erroneous repetition of names has occurred). He is thought by some to have been the same with JEHOIADA (2 Chronicles 24:15). Josephus, however (Ant. 10, 8, 6), seems to call him JORAM, and the Seder Olam JEHOAHAZ, whom it places in the reign of Jehoshaphat. (See HIGH PRIEST).

4. (Sept. Ι᾿ωανάν .) The oldest son of king Josiah (1 Chronicles 3:15). He must have been born in the fifteenth year of his father's age, and he seems to have been of so feeble a constitution as not to have survived his father. B.C. cir. 635-610. (See JEHOAHAZ), 2.

5. (Sept. Ι᾿ωνά, in Jeremiah Ι᾿ωάναν and Ι᾿ωάνναν ; Josephus Graecizes the name as John, Ι᾿ωάννης, Ant. 10, 9, 2). The son of Careah (Kareah), and one of the Jewish chiefs who rallied around Gedaliah on his appointment as governor by the Chaldeans (2 Kings 25:23; Jeremiah 40:8). It was he that warned Gedaliah of the nefarious plans of Ishmael, and offered to destroy him in anticipation, but the unsuspecting governor refused to listen to his prudent advice (Jeremiah 40:13; Jeremiah 40:16). After Gedaliah's assassination, Johanan pursued the murderer, and rescued the people taken away by him as captives to the Ammonites (Jeremiah 41:8; Jeremiah 41:13; Jeremiah 41:15-16). He then applied to Jeremiah for counsel as to what course the remnant of the people should pursue, being apprehensive of severe treatment at the hands of the Chaldean authorities, as having interfered with the government (Jeremiah 42:1; Jeremiah 42:8); but, on hearing the divine injunction to remain in the land, he and his associates violated their promise of obedience, and persisted in retiring, with all their families and effects (carrying with them the prophet himself), to Tahpanes, in Egypt (Jeremiah 43:2; Jeremiah 43:4-5), where, doubtless, they were seized by the Chaldeans. B.C. 587.

6. (Sept. Ι᾿ωάναν .) Son of Katan (Hakkatan), of the "sons" of Azgad, who returned with 110 males from Babylon with Ezra (Ezra 8:12). B.C. 459.

7. (Sept. Ι᾿ωάναν .) A son of Tobiah, who named Meshullam's daughter (Nehemiah 6:18). B.C. 446.

8. (Sept. Ι᾿ωανάν.) A chief priest, son (? grandson) of Eliashib, named as last of those whose contemporaries the Levites were recorded in "the book of the Chronicles" (Nehemiah 12:22-23). He appears to be the same called JEHOHANAN (in the text, but "Johanan" in the Auth. Vers.) in Ezra 10:6; also JONATHAN, the son of Joiada and father of Jaddua, in Nehemiah 12:11; comp. 22. B.C. prob. 459.

9. (Sept. Ι᾿ωανάμ .) The fifth named of the seven sons of Elioenai, of the descendants of Zerubbabel (1 Chronicles 3:24). He is apparently the same with the NAHUM mentioned among the ancestry of Christ (Luke 3:25. See Strong's Harm. and Expos. of the Gosp. p. 16, 17). B.C. somewhat post 406. (See GENEALOGY OF CHRIST).

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Johanan'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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