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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

Abgar, Bar-Maanu,

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a descendant of Abgarus (q.v.), who reigned in Edessa about the year 200, was a Christian and friend of Bardesanes (see Euseb. Chronic. ad Olymp. 149, 1; and Epiphan. Hoer. 56, ). That he did not believe in the gnosticism of his friend may be seen from the fact that the orthodox Epiphanius styles him ἀνὴρ ὁσιώτατος ; while Eusebius, in his Chronicon, calls him ἱερὸν ἄνδρα. In the year 216, Abgar was deposed by the emperor Caracalla, and Edessa became a Roman colony. (B. P.)

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Abgar, Bar-Maanu,'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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