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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

Aries

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(Arelate), an ancient archiepiscopal see in Lower Provence, on the left of the Rhone, seven leagues from its mouth, about one hundred and eighty-six leagues from Paris. It is said to derive its name from Ara elata, a high altar raised here in pagan times. A number of councils and synods were held at Arles, of which the following are the chief:

(1.) In 314, a general synod for the West, at which Constantine and 600 or 633 bishops were present; 22 canons were framed on the Donatists, etc.;

(2.) in 428 or 429, at which Germanus and Lupus were deputed to England;

(3.) in 455, under Ravennius, to settle the dispute between Faustus, abbot of Lerins, and the bishop of Frejus;

(4.) in 475, against Lucidus, accused of Predestinationism;

(5.) in 524, under Caesarius, four canons on ordination were published; (6.) in 1234, under John Baussan, twenty-four canons were published against heretics, chiefly against the Waldenses;

(7.) in 1275, by Bertrand de S. Martin, twenty-two canons were published, and the clergy forbidden making wills.-Landon, Manual of Councils; Smith, Tables of Church Hist.


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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Aries'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/tce/a/aries.html. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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