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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature


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(Heb. Arsyok', אִרְיוֹךְ, from the Sanscrit Arjaka, venerable, or perhaps from the Heb. אֲרִי, a lion; Sept. Ἀριώχ [v. r. in Daniel Ἀριώχης, in Tob. Εἰριώχ ], Josephus Ἀρίουχος, Ant. 1, 9, 1; Ἀρίουχος , Ant. 10:10, 2), the name of two men and one place.

1. A king of Ellasar, confederate with Chedorlaomer against Sodom and Gomorrah (Genesis 14:1; Genesis 14:9), B.C. cir. 2080 (Jour. Sac. Lit. Jan. 1862). (See LOT).

2. The captain of the royal guard at the court of Babylon, into whose charge Daniel and his fellow youths were committed (Daniel 2:14). B.C. 604.

3. A "plain" of the Elymaeans (? Persians), mentioned in the apocryphal book of Judith (1, 6) as furnishing aid to Arphaxad in his contest with Nebuchadnezzar; supposed by Grotius to mean the Oracana (Ο᾿ράκανα ) of Ptolemy (6, 2, 11), but more probably borrowed from the first of the above names (see Fritzsche, Handb. in loc.).

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Arioch'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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