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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

Golden City

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( מִדְהֵבָה madhebah'; Sept. (ἐπισπουδαστής,Vulg. tributum), a term applied as an epithet of Babylon (Isaiah 14:4), and occurring nowhere else. Some derive it from the Aramoean דְּהִב, gold, as a verb-form (in the Hip. part. fem.) = gold-making, i.e., exactress of gold, a not inapt emblem of the impe rial mart (parallel hemistich נֹגֵשׁ, grinding); or else a heap or treasury of gold ( מ pref. formative of place). So Gesenius prefers with hesitation (Thes. Heb. page 322 b), after Kimchi, Aben-Ezra, etc. Others (so Fü rst, Heb. Lex. s.v.), following the Targums, Sept., Aquilla, Syriac, asnd Arab. of Sadias, prefer to read מִרְהֵבָה, in the sense of oppression, from רָהִב rahab', to scare (compare Isaiah 3:5, where רהב occurs in parallelism with נגשׁ (See BABYLON).

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McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Golden City'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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