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Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature


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Joä cim (Ι᾿ωακίμ ), another Graecized form of the Heb. name JOACHIM, applied in the Apocrypha to

1. The son of Josiah, king of Judah (1 Esdr. 1:37, 38, 59).

2. By corruption for JEHOIACHIN, the next king of Judah (1 Esdras 1:43).

3. A son of Zerubbabel, who returned to Jerusalem after the exile (1 Esdras 5:5), apparently a mistake for Zerubbabel himself.

4. "The high priest which was in Jerusalem" (Judith 4:6; Judith 4:14) in the time of Judith, and who welcomed the heroine after the death of Holofernes, in company with "the ancients of the children of Israel" ( γερουσία τῶν μὶῶν Ι᾿σραήλ, 15:8 sq.). The name occurs with the various reading Eliakim, but it is impossible to identify him with any historical character. No such name occurs in the lists of high priests in 1 Chronicles 6 (compare Josephus, Ant. 10, 8, 6); and it is a mere arbitrary conjecture to suppose that Eliakim, mentioned in 2 Kings 18:18, was afterwards raised to that dignity. Still less can be said for the identification of Joacim with Hilkiah (2 Kings 22:4; Josephus Ε᾿λιακίας, Ant. 10, 4, 2; Sept. Χελκίας ). The name itself is appropriate to the position which the high priest occupies in the story of Judith ("The Lord hath set up"), and the person must be regarded as a necessary part of the fiction. (See JUDITH).

5. The husband of Susanna (Sus. 1 sq). The name seems to have been chosen, as in the former case, with a reference to its meaning; and it was probably for the same reason that the husband of Anna, the mother of the Virgin, is called Joacim in early legends (Protev. Jac. 1, etc.). (See SUSANNA).

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Joachimites'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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Tuesday, November 12th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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