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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature


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(Heb. Nebushazban', נְבוּשִׁזְבָּן [written in the text with a small final n, for which some copies have, perhaps by error, a z], from Nebo, and Persian chesban, " votary," i.e., adorer of Nebo; Sept. omits, but some copies have Ναβουσεζβάν orΝαβουσαρσελχίμ; Vulg. Nabusezban), the Rabsaris (q.v.) or chief chamberlain of the Babylonian court, sent by Nebuchadnezzar, in connection with the two other chief dignitaries, Nebuzaradan (the Rab-tabbachim, or chief of the body-guard) and Nergal- sharezer (the Rab-mag, or head of the Magians), to release Jeremiah from prison on the capture of Jerusalem (Jeremiah 39:13). B.C. 588. "Nebu- shasban's office and title were the same as those of Ashpenaz (Daniel 1:3), whom he probably succeeded. In the list given (Daniel 1:3) of those who took possession of the city in the dead of the night of the 11th Tammuz, Nebushasban is not mentioned by name, but merely by his title Rab-saris. So at the Assyrian invasion in' the 'time of Hezekiah, Tartan,? Rab-saris, and Rab-shakeh, as the three highest dignitaries, addressed the Jews from the head of their army (2 Kings 18:17). Possibly these three officers in the Assyrian court answered to the three named above in the Babylonian."

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Nebushasban'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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Saturday, September 21st, 2019
the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
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