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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature


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(Heb. Sabteka', סִבְתְּכָא, etymology unknown; Sept. in Genesis Σαβαθακά v.r. Σαβακαθά ; in Chronicles A.V. "Sabtechah;" Σεβεθαχά v.r. Σεκαθά ), the last named of the five sons of Cush, the son of Ham. B.C. cir. 2475. His descendants seem to have given name to a people in Ethiopia (Genesis 10:7; 1 Chronicles 1:9). (See CUSH). "Their settlements would probably be near the Persian Gulf, where are those of Raamah, the next before him in the order of the Cushites. (See DEDAN); (See RAAMAH); (See SHEBA). He has not been identified with any Arabic place or district, nor satisfactorily with any name given by classical writers. Bochart (who is followed by Bunsen, Bibelwerk, Genesis 10, and Atlas) argues that he should be placed in Carmania, on the Persian shore of the gulf, comparing Sabtechah with the city of Samydace of Steph. Byz. (Σαμιδάκη or Σαμυκάδη of Ptolemy, 6, 8, 7). This etymology appears to be very far-fetched. Gesenius (Thesaur. p. 936) merely says that Sabtechah is the proper name of a district of Ethiopia, and adds the reading of the Targ. Pseudo-Jonathan (זנגאי, Zingitani)." In confirmation of this latter view the name Sabatok has been discovered on the Egyptian monuments (Rosellini, Monumenta, 2, 198).

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Sabtecha'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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